Hardin County IL-AHGP Project ( History of Hardin Co IL)

This page last modified Monday, 10-Sep-2018 12:07:57 MDT

Hardin County IL-AHGP Project
History of Hardin County


 Explore History of Hardin County
  1. Hardin County was formed in 1839 out of parts of Gallatin County and Pope County. It is located near the southeastern tip of Illinois on the Ohio River.

  2. The first three organized townships, by virtue of their militia, were Cave-in-Rock, Elizabethtown (the current county seat) and Rosiclare (no longer on the map). Cave-in-Rock was the hangout for such outlaws as Logan Belt, Duff the Counterfeiter, Samuel Mason, Colonel Plug and the Sturdivant Gang.

  3. Battery Rock, an 80-foot high sandstone bluff rising above the Ohio, was a strategic location during the Civil War owing to the presence of sandbars in the river which caused boats to veer toward the bluffs.

  4. The county population on July 1, 1999, was 4,907, a decrease of 282 over the 1990 census Hardin Co., IL

  5. Hardin County was established by legislative act on March 2, 1839. The county seat was located at McFarlan’s Ferry (Elizabethtown) in 1840. Legend holds that Elizabethtown was named for Elizabeth McFarlan, who arrived here with her husband, James B. McFarlan around 1804-1812. The land was formerly a part of Pope and Gallatin Counties.

  6. The McFarlan’s built a brick home overlooking the Ohio River in 1812. It was known as McFarland’s Tavern and later The Rose Hotel. The State of Illinois purchased the building and completed renovation in 1998. The Rose Hotel is the oldest hotel in Illinois. It majestically overlooks the Ohio River, serves many guests and is on the
    National Register of Historic Places.

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