FAYETTE COUNTY ILLINOIS AHGP
"Illinois State Gazetteer and Business Directory for 1858 and 1859"
by George W. Hawes, Publisher and Compiler, Chicago
Is situated in the south central part of Illinois, and has an area of 640 square miles. The Kaskaskia river flows through the county in a south-westerly direction, being joined in its passage by numerous creeks. The surface is generally level but diversified by prairies and woodland ; some of the first are quite dense. The soil is highly productive. Corn, wheat, oats, potatoes, beans, cattle and swine are the staples. The county contains numerous churches, a seminary of learning and other public buildings, while its streams furnish abundance of water power for milling and manufacturing purposes. It is intersected by the Illinois Central railroad, which has tended greatly to increase ita prosperity. It is one of the oldest counties in the state. Capital, Vandalia. Population, about 10,500.
A post village of Fayette county, 50 miles direct south-east from Springfield. James A. McClanahan, Postmaster.
A post village of Fayette county, a few miles east of the Illinois Central railroad, 75 miles south-south-east from Springfield. Ezra Griffith, Postmaster.
A station on the line of the Illinois Central railroad (Chicago branch), in Fayette county, 227 miles south from Chicago. It is fast being settled by people of industrious habits, chiefly from the east.
FOUR MILE PRAIRIE,
A post office of Fayette county. Lorenzo D. Mowrey, Postmaster.
A post village of Fayette county, about 80 miles south-south-east from Springfield. Berry Edwards, Postmaster.
A post office of Fayette county. James H. Young, Postmaster.
A post village of Fayette county, 14 miles north-east from Vandalia. Benj. M. Backensto, Postmaster.
A post office of Fayette county. E. Pope, Postmaster.
A post village of Fayette county. S. Washburn, Postmaster.
A post village, capital of Fayette county, and the former capital of the state. It is situated on the Kaskaskia river, where it is crossed by the National road 80 miles south-south-east from Springfield. It was laid out in 1818, and remained the seat of government until 1836, during which period it continued to flourish and the population increased to 2,000. After the removal of the seat of goverment to Springfield, the property of Vandalia, declined and the number of inhabitants was reduced to 500 or less, within four or five years. However, an improvement has taken place in the condition and prospects of the village, and property has risen in value nearly fifty per cent. At this point the Illinois Central railroad intersects the Atlantic and Mississippi railroad, which, when completed, will make vast improvements to the town. A newspaper is published here, called the "Vandalia Observer," Gratehouse, publisher, Population, about 2,000.
Alphabetical List of Professions, Trades, Etc.
AMERICAN HOUSE, J. F. MITCHELL, PROPRIETOR.
BLACKWELL R., DEALER IN DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, QUEENSWARE, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS, ETC.
CATOR JAMES, PROPRIETOR CITY HOTEL.
CAPPS E. & CO., GENERAL MERCHANTS.
CHENNEY E. & CO., DRY GOODS AND QUEENSWARE, AND GENERAL MERCHANTS.
DIECKMANN A. H, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, ETC.
DIECKMANN G. H, DEALER IN DRUGS AND MEDICINES, PERFUMERY, ETC.
Feheron M., general merchant.
Gereds F., watchmaker.
Goode H. W., county clerk.
Gohren Louis, deputy county clerk.
GREATHOUSE T., ATTORNEY AT LAW.
HALLER F. B., M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
HATHAWAY B. F., ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Hamkins Wm., circuit clerk and recorder.
Jackson Geo. L., physician.
JENKS C. W., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
JOHNSON D. & CO., PROPRIETORS STAR MILLS.
Klung F., gunsmith.
LABOYTAUX J. F., DRY GOODS AND GENERAL GROCERIES.
Lewis R. O, attorney at law.
LYNCH M., DEALER IN PRODUCE AND COMMISSION BUSINESS.
McCORD J. N. & BRO., DEALERS IN DRUGS AND MEDICINES, NOTIONS, ETC.
Perkins & Jennings, stoves and tinware.
Remann F., dry goods.
ROSS J. W., ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY.
Solomon C, cabinet maker.
Stearns A. D., physician.
SMITH L. M., ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
Winas David H. & Co., marble factory.
WILKINS T., M. D., PHYSICIAN SURGEON AND ACCOUCHEUR.
This website created March 28, 2014 by Sheryl McClure.
© 2017 Illinois American History and Genealogy Project