Elmore County was established February 7, 1889 with its county seat at Rocky Bar. The county was named for the Ida Elmore mines, the area's greatest silver and gold producer of the 1860's. The Oregon Trail crossed the Snake River at Three Island Crossing near Glenns Ferry. A station on the overland stage route, originally named Rattlesnake, was moved to the railroad line and became Mountain Home. 4 February 1891 the county seat was moved to Mountain Home. Communities in Elmore County include: Atlanta, Featherville, Glenns Ferry, Hammett, King Hill, Mountain Home, and Rocky Bar. Elmore county is home to three of Idaho's major reservoirs; Lucky Peak, Anderson Ranch, and Arrowrock and is also home to Idaho's only major military installation, Mountain Home Air Force Base.
Elmore County is surrounded by Boise County on the north; Blaine County, Camas County, Gooding County and Twin Falls County on the east;Owyhee County on the south; and Ada County on the west. Elmore County was formed from Alturas County.
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With the discovery of gold on the Feather River in 1863, the town of Rocky Bar sprang to life with stores, bars, hotels and mills. Today, the Elmore County town has just a few part–time residents and is visited by tourists looking for a glimpse of the Old West. In 2007 half the town was for sale under the ad "Always wanted a ghost town?" for a spooky $250,000.Idaho Tidbits & Trivia
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