Present Day Bikacs ....
Bikacs is a small village in the northern-most section of the county of
Tolna. It is located about 130 kilometers (80 miles) southwest of Budapest and just west the Danube
River. According to one resource on the net, the population of Bikacs was
509 in the year 2000.
See the following maps if you're not familiar with where either Bikacs or
Tolna are located in Hungary:
Map showing the location of Tolna*
Map showing the location of Bikacs in Tolna
Mapquest map of Bikacs
and boundary data are copyrighted by
FOTW Flags of the
Paul Stiener of Germany was kind enough to send me numerous photos of Bikacs.
Some Historical Facts...
The following historical facts are from a book about Bikacs as translated by
- First written about in 1147
- Named for a very old family "Bikach" that was at the court of the
- In 1813, 691 inhabitants lived in Bikacs and 120 pupils went to school, 65
girls and 55 boys. About 20 handicraft-masters worked in the village.
- In 1828/29 the Bikacsians enlarged the church and built a 32 meter high
tower. Before this they had a little wooden tower. (Many Evangelic or
Calvinist parishes got permission to build a church, but not a regular tower.)
- In the 1830s a cholera epidemic hit Bikacs and the surrounding area and
many people died.
- In 1848 the Hungarian war for independence against the Habsburgs began.
Everybody in the new Hungarian National Army was a volunteer. From Bikacs, 11
men fought in the army of county of Tolna against the Austrians in the
battles of Újverbász, near the river Dráva, and later in the battles of Pákozd
and Ozora. After the Russian emperor's army came to help the Austrians, they
defeated the Hungarians in 1849.
- The population of Bikacs in 1850 was 1035. In that decade, three new
bells were purchased for the church, and the school was enlarged.
- On August 5, 1871, 35 houses burned down, as well as the school and the
school teacher's house.
- In the year 1881, 1203 people lived in Bikacs area: 1064 Evangelics, 111
Catholics, 20 Calvinists and 8 Jews. All Cathollics and Calvinists worked on
the lord's big farm.
- In the 1880s, the railway between Rétszilas and Szekszárd was built. It
was planned to be built next to the village where the gardens were, but the
villagers didn't want to lose their field, so the railway was built through
the field of the feudal lord about three kilometers west of the village.
- In 1889 there was a big fire in Bikacs. It started in the so-called
"New-Street" and as there was a big storm, it spread quickly as it was a very
dry time, and there was hardly any water in the wells. Most of the houses had
thatched roofs, and 64 houses burned down and about 84 families lost their
homes. The town hall burned down too, so most of the old documents about
Bikac's history were destroyed. Everybody in the village helped to build new
homes for the unfortunate people who lost theirs.
- As it's written in documents of the evangelic community, in March of 1893,
the first Bikacsians went to the USA. Seventeen people left the vilalge.
Some stayed in the USA and some came back to Bikacs later.
- In 1894 eight families moved to Elöszállás as tobacco-farmers. Five
families moved in 1897 to Rácegres to find a better life, and later five
families went to Kisvenyim near Herczegfalva in Fejer County.
- In 1900, a new parsonage was built.
- 1905 the big farm of the Bernrieders was sold by auction. The more than
540 hectars were bought by Bikacsians. As they did not have much money, many
people from Bikacas went to the states again or went to the capital Budapest
to earn money.
- A new organ was bought in 1906 for 2200 koronas.
- In the years before World War I, 136 married couples moved from Bikács,
and the older people said that most of them went to Akron, Ohio. Many of the
young people stayed in the states, but most of the elder ones came back to
their home village.
- At this time the road to Székesfehérvár and Szekszárd was built passing
Bikács, and life became a bit easier.
- In July 1914 World War I began, and so did sad and hard times. By the end
of the war, 28 men from Bikacs died on the frontlin. At Kistápé, near Bikács,
five Bikacs soldiers dieds.
- In September 1916 two bells were taken from the church to be made into
- Before World War II about 1200 people lived in Bikacs. More than 1000 of
them were German and Evangelic. The Hungarians lived in the very small
village near Bikacs, Kistápé , which belonged to Bikacs. After World War II,
about 600 of the Bikacs villagers were forced to leave their village and go to
Germany in cattle-wagon trains.
The World War I Monument in Bikacs...
One of the photos Paul Stiener sent me was of the monument in the village erected to
honor the men who lost their lives in World War I. I've translated
the names on the monument to the best of my ability with some help from Paul.
The following page contains a photo of the monument as well as the
World War I Monument