Since most military papers are organized by the Commanding Officers, this first section centers on them. Remember that top officers were usually promoted from the ranks, so served in various capacities.
Autosee-Tallasee and Camp Defiance
Field-Book: War of 1812
Maps are at the lower part of this page
Night Attack at Calabee Creek
In September 1813, Floyd assembled 3,600 Georgia troops at Fort Hawkins.Thomas H. Davis
Although greatly embarrassed from the want of proper supplies, he marched promptly into the nation, built Fort Mitchell (on the west side of the Chattahoochee,) in November, 1813, and leaving there the main body of the army, with the baggage, under a Colonel, advanced, himself, at the head of a detachment of 950 troops, (with a few friendly Indians under the chief McIntosh) to surprise the enemy, 1500 strong, at Autossee and Tallasee towns, on the Tallapoosa, 60 miles distant, through a wilderness. The towns were attacked just before day-break, on the 29th November, 1813, and burned, and 250 Indians slain on the field.
In this action we lost only 11 men, and 54 were wounded; among the latter the General, who received a rifle ball in the left knee (where it still remains).
Although wounded early in the battle, and suffering severe pain, he remained in the field on horseback, performing th duties of an active commander, until the fight was over; nor would he permit the wound to be dressed until all the wounded men were attend to.
After the battle, the detachment returned to Fort Mitchell, having in seven days marched 120 miles, in severely cold weather; destroyed Autossee and Tallasee towns and 250 of the enemy, with but five days' provision of bread only, each man carrying his own rations.
CAMP DEFIANCE - Jan 27, 1814 The General did not quite the army in
consequence of his wound, but having partially recovered after much suffering
advanced again from Fort Mitchell, in January, 1814, and was attacked before day
light on the 27th of that month at Camp Defiance, by the enemy in great force,
headed by the famous warrior Weatherford, and aided by Colonel Woodbine, an
English officer who boasted afterwards of having planned the attack.
[This attack was to prevent a junction of the Georgia troops, under Gen Floyd, and the Tennesseans, under Gen Jackson, which was desired by both Generals. who passed letters to each other by Indian runners and spics. The junction was never formed. The success of each General rendered it unnecessary.]
The Georgia troops were encamped in the form of a parallelogram, cavalry and baggage in the centre, with two pieces of artillery [four pounders, taken in the Revolution at Saratoga] on the right and left faces of the camp.
The fight was furious for several hours, and nothing but the firmness of troops saved them from destruction.
The formation was bravely maintained under an incessant fire, (which was returned with great vivacity) until sunrise. The enemy were then charged and routed at the point of the bayonet, leaving a great many of their dead on the field.
On their retreat, 15 were sabred by the cavalry. Our loss was considerable, and we had a great many wounded. The campaign terminated soon after the battle of Camp Defiance, and General Floyd was appointed to command the troops at Savannah, for the protection of the city. He remained in command at Savannah, until the termination of the war. In 1815, he was appointed Major General. Ref: Sherwood, Adiel, A GAZETTEER OF THE STATE OF GEORGIA, 1837, Printed by P. Force, pp. 277-279.
Floyd Family Cemetery
Thomas Flournoy was a native of Augusta, Ga., where he practiced law until
called into service in the War of 1812. He was commissioned a brigadier general
in the United States Army in June, 1812. He commanded the 3rd United States
Infantry stationed along the Carolina-Georgia frontier. Flournoy was involved in
raising troops, securing the coasts, and defending Americans living in East
In March, 1813, he succeeded General Wilkinson as commander of the 7th Military District, comprising Mississippi Territory, Louisiana, and Tennessee.
Flournoy's major responsibility was fighting the Creek Indians, who were supplied and armed by the Spanish and their British allies in Florida. Throughout Flournoy's command the Gulf region was torn by bitter warfare. Though nominally in command of the district, Flournoy's activities were eclipsed by Andrew Jackson, who succeeded him in April, 1814. In 1820 Flournoy was appointed United States commissioner to treat with the Creek Indians.
Thomas Flournoy papers
In memory of Thomas Flournoy, Born Jan ?, 1775, Died July 21, 1857, a native of Virginia but for the greater part of a century a citizen of Georgia. A Brigadier General in the army of the United States, during the war of 1812, and for many years one of the most distinguished members of the Georgia Bar: he leaves behind him the yet higher title of an upright, honorable man. "The memory of the just is blessed."
Photo of tombstone
ROSTERSWe are attempting to put together lists of Georgia
Regiments. If you know of any man who should be added, please send it to me
Partial Rosters and Pensions.
Company: 1 REGIMENT (CHAMBERS'), GEORGIA MILITIA Rank - Induction: PRIVATE Rank - Discharge: PRIVATE Roll Box: 95 Roll Exact: 602Researcher: Paul Hawthorne email@example.com
Gordon, George Researcher: Sally Sinclair sallysinclair at bellsouth.net
Lawrence, Josiah Captain Robert Musgrove
Captain Robert Mackey
Captain James Marshall
Capt Charles Carter
Prvt Brittain Davis (Nancy Stonebraker firstname.lastname@example.org)
Battles this unit participated in: Ortisa Town and Colibes.
Brazil R. Bradford, Pvt, in Capt. David Rosser's Company,
Col. Jet Thomas' regiment.
enlisted by draft in first class at Edenton, Putman Co., Ga. in middle of fall in month of Oct., 1814 for 6 months. Discharged at Sparta in Hancock Co., sometime in spring of 1815.
Capt Shimri Mann
Capt William J. Minton Captain William E. Adams rifle company
Captain John Broadnax(both with Thomas at battle of Calabee)
Captain Ebenezer Moore with Capt Bordnax's Detachment
Ezekiel M. Attaway
(Colonel Newman or Colonel Groves, Major Hogg's Battalion)
DAVIS, Thomas H. Diary
Capt BURWELL POPE
(Company formed in Lexington Oglethorpe Co - discharged in Savannah)
Armistead, John Oct 12, 1814 to March 17, 1815
Reddick Acock provided the affidavit supporting John Armisteads
application and served in the same company, as well as Burwell Pope who was the
Captain commanding the company. Burwell Pope's company was under Jettright
Thomas, 2d Regiment Georgia Militia and was formed in Lexington, Oglethorpe Co.,
GA and discharged in Savannah, GA.
A John King was Ensign, 1st Co., 2nd Reg., Burke Co, GA Militia, 8 Apr 1793. [I have no source or citation. :-( ] WDKing
Waters,James 21 November, 1814 to 17 March, 1815. Widow's pension. Source:"Carol Hoszowski" cach1888 at gmail.com
James W. COOPER First Sergeant in Thomas Dawson's Company. He was supposedly "drafted" in Greene County, Georgia, on October 10, 1814, and served until the end of the war, mustering out in Savannah on March 15, 1815. The Regiment was commanded by Colonel Jett Thomas. Paul Muller email@example.com
Alexander's Batt'n Riflemen
Capt James Meriwether Jonathan Burgess (Researcher: Ann Chambless" firstname.lastname@example.org)
privates: Bennet King, Isaac S. King, Jacob King, John King, and John
Dempsey Butler is listed as Pvt. in 3rd Regt GA Militia (Wimberly's). Dempsey Butler, b ca 1788, NC He was in Jones Co, Ga in 1827 when he made application in the 1827 GA Land Lottery based on service in the War of 1812. email@example.com Marken Gerhardt
William Foil, Sr. (Rev) Baptist Clergyman. Listed in 1860 Pike Co census, age 76 living with son Wm Jr. Date on cemetery marked is incorrect. See Find-a-Grave # 39012273. Foil Cemetery, Walthall County, Mississippi. Researcher: Tom Foil firstname.lastname@example.org
Captain Cyrus White, Wimberlys Regt, Gen Blackshiers Division drafted at Madison, Morgan County, in the fall of 1814, and served about six months. He was released/mustered out at a camp or fort in Georgia, I havent looked that up yet. From a widows pension application. Bobby Hanson email@example.com
Jordan Smith Sr. (abt 1798 - 1801), who received a War of 1812 military service pension.
Information Taken From Jordan Smith's Pension Application File:
Name: Jordan Smith (Sr.)
Service Year: 1814
Rank: Private Unit: Capt Thomas' Company; 3rd Regiment (Wimberley's), Blackshear's Brigade, Georgia Militia
Service Locations: Fort Hawkins, and Camp Hope (both near Macon, Georgia)
Researcher: james smith jamesls at swbell.net
Joseph Brooke served in 3 REG'T (Wimberly's) Georgia Militia during the War of 1812. He was stationed in Jasper County, GA. Brown V. Brooke Comanche, TX firstname.lastname@example.org
Captain Lewis Easter
Captain William Harvey
Anderson Statham, private, Capt Thompson's Company
Barnett Statham, private (and as Barnett Stathern)
James Statham, private
COLLETT, Green Served in Booth's 4th Regiment, Georgia Militia, War of 1812. Private, 1st C.M. Capt. David Gillespie, det. from 25th Regmt. Jackson County, GA, Lt Col.Tandy Key Comdy. Green Collett was born in NC in 1783. Any additional info would beappreciated. Lydia Collett L2Collett@aol.com
McCurry, John - Private in War of 1812. Served at Fort Hawkins in 1815. Later moved to Hart County, Georgia on a land grant - from signed affidavit for pension by John McCurry 28 September 1850.
McIntosh, Major General Thomas - At Fort Hawkins with Brigadier General Blackshear in 1814. Fortunately, it had transcriptions of the muster rolls for Capt. (later Lt. Col.) Allen Tooke's command as well as Capt. Thomas who served under Lt. Col. Allen Tooke from Pulaski Co. According to the muster roll, Captain Allen Tooke served from 14 Aug 1813 to 20 Sept 1813 under Genl. David Blackshear at Ft. Pike, Mitchell, Ft. Green & Ft. Lawrence. During that period, he had listed several sub-units working for a week, or 9 days, or 8 days at a time led by lieutenants (sub-alterns). Later, Lt. Col. Tooke also showed service from Nov 9 to Nov 22 1814 with a detachment of Georgia cavalry mounted riflemen at Ft. Mitchell Hartford and on "an expedition into the Indian Nation". Fortunately, Dennis Adams was listed in the muster rolls of both these periods so that appears to be the only confirmation I will ever have that he served during the War of 1812. (John Davis)
"George P. Farris" farrisgp at gmail.com
Noah Trafton, Harris' Regiment, Georgia Militia in the War of 1812. Thanks, D.N. Dianne Nading email@example.com
Benjamin Hill was from the Warren County or maybe Taliaffaro County area of Georgia, bn 1796 in Warren County and was a veteran of the War of 1812. Charles hill firstname.lastname@example.org
Anderson Statham, private, Capt. Carter's Company
Barnett Statham, private
Jesse Statham, private
Pleasant Statham alias Pleasant Statum, private, Capt. Carter's Company
Thompson Nathaniel, Capt. Carter's Company
Bissel, Brigadier General - Commanding 2nd Infantry (Old) at Fort Hawkins 1806-1809 (?), Commanding 1st Infantry Regiment (New) after the War of 1812. Blackshear, Brigadier General Davis is at the fort with Major General John McIntosh in 1814. In charge of part of the 2,500 militia mustered in by Phillip Cook. Brigade Commander in Georgia Militia.
McIntosh, General John - In charge of part of 2,500 Georgia Militia mustered by Phillip Cook in 1814.
Cumming, William C. "A Georgia Officer in the War of 1812: The Letters of Colonel William Clay Cumming." Edited by John C. Fredrikson. Georgia Historical Quarterly, 71 (Winter 1987), pp. 668-691.
BG Bissel - Commanding 2nd Infantry Regiment, Fort Hawkins, 1806-1809 (?) Old 3rd Infantry Regiment Fort Hawkins 1809 (?) - 1812. 7th Infantry Regiment Mississippi and Alabama Territories - 44th Infantry Regiment, formed during the War of 1812, former station unknown - 1st Infantry Regiment (New)
COL McDonald - Commanding 8th Infantry Regiment, Fort Hawkins 1812-1815 (?) - Old 10th Infantry Regiment - formed during the War of 1812, former station unknown. Old 36th Infantry Regiment - Old 7th Infantry Regiment at Fort Hawkins 27 May 1815 (?), 1816 (?), 181?
COL King - Commanding 12th Infantry - probably formed during the War of 1812, former location unknown - Old 14th Infantry Regiment - Old 20th Infantry Regiment - Old 4th Infantry Regiment at Fort Hawkins 27 May 1815 (?), 1816 (?), 181?
MAJ GEN Gaines - Commanding 1st Infantry Regiment, new - 4th Infantry Regiment, new - 7th Infantry Regiment - 2 brigades, new - 8th Infantry Regiment, new - Division of the South - Headquarters of Eastern Section at Fort Hawkins 1818 - 181?, new.
Stevens - Davis and Allied Families A Memorial Volume of History, biography, and Genealogy says this: "Compiled and published by Marie Stevens Walker Wood". Published by Merriewoode, Macon, Georgia 1957.pg 136 Thomas H. Davis Diary pg 136 "In the autumn of 1811 not long before the great earthquake--December 16th--I removed with my brother, Grant Davis, to Morgan County. The next year, 1812, on the 18th June, the Unisted States declared war against Great Britain, and about the same time the Creek and Cherokee Indians commenced hostilities on the frontier settlements of Georgia and Alabama, in consequence of which a requisition was made upon Georgia, Tennessee and adjoining states for volunteers--or those drated in Militia to repel this encroachment--I was drawn to go, the term of service was six months.
The title page has this quote by Virgil: "For our children's children and those who shall be descended from them."
The Georgia brigade consisting of two regiments of Infantry, one horse troop, or mounted men, one rifle battalion, and one Artillery company was mustered into service at Fort Hawkins on the Ocmulgee, about the 20th September, 1813, under the command of Brigadier General John Floyd, of Georige, to which was afterwards added five or six Indian warriors of the Friendly party.
I belonged to the second regiment, Colonel Newman's
[Newnan] or Colonel Groves, Major Hogg's Battalion, Capt Henry's company.
Our first encampment was Camp Pike, but we moved in a short time to Camp Hope for a more healthy location. We remained there until about the last of October, then again at Fort Lawrence on the Flint River only thirty miles farther. We remained here until about the 18th of November. At Fort Mitchell on the Chattahoochee, we were again stopped for supplies (not available). The main army did not leave that place until January 17.
From Fort Mitchell [Russell Co, AL] we proceeded to Fort Hill, [Dougherty Co] not far from the Calibee battle ground. We remained here until Jan 25th then we resumed our marchon the road towards the old Tuckabachi town on the Tallapoosa, and encamped 5 miles from Fort Hull and 12 miles from Ottasee, continued next day (He explains the line of formation) -- larger log fires--camped in double files and were ordred to lie on our arms.--Describes the attack -- Indian put in front--17 killed and 132 wounded on our side. We remained here at camp Ft. Defiance until Feb 1st then returned to Fort Hull till the 16h, then returned to Fort Hawkins where we delivered our arms and were honorably discharged on the 26th Feb 1814, having served 6 mos. 4 da and being relieved by troops from North and South Carolina.
On my way home from Fort Hawkins I stopped for the night at the house of a friend in Jones County--J. Billings, where my brother met me with a horse and here for the first time in 6 months I indulged in the luxury of a feather bed.
Although war was declared against Great Britain (June 15) and actual hostilities commenced, it was not until the fall of 1814 that the British army made any movements towards invading any of the Southern States. In anticipation of such an event, two detachments of Georgia Militia were called out for the defense of our southern cities, one under the command of General Blackshear to be stationed at Savannah, the other under Genearl McIntosh to go to Mobile, AL, one or both of which places it was supposed they designed to attack.
I now volunteered again and under Capt Henry Lane subsequently attached to Gen McIntosh. [Jones' Regiment] I think it was the latter part of October 1814 that we were mustered into service at Fort Hawkins, and went soon (well supplied) to Fort Decatur, on the Tallapoosa river. We built boats to carry provisions down the river. We started overland to Fort Claiborne [Louisiana]. We got there eight days before the boats arrived with the food, and there was none at the Fort. We had bad times, some suffered extremely, some died. Before our supplies came reports came that the British had taken Fort Bowyer at Mobile point, and an attack upon the town fort was expected. What were we to do?......