Welsh Archives FAQ

Welsh archives exist in 6 main levels

(1) National Archives of Wales, and of England

The British National Archives

The national archive of England, Wales and the United Kingdom, for the Crown, the Government, Ministeries, Administration,
the Armed Forces, National Courts, railways and staff, mines and accidents, harbours, shipping
learn to make searches using

National Library of Wales
The National Library is a 'copyright library', and contains over 4 million printed volumes, as well
as manuscripts, archives, pictures, photographs, posters, ephemera, and audio
visual material. - the absolute top source for Welsh genealogy
but the very best stuff is in mss and old handwriting and not filmed

Many sets of official records were kept for England and Wales together.
For almost 500 years, Welsh government business has been conducted in London.
from Census FInder
Locating and using genealogy records are very similar for both countries.
Welsh in USA  ARC at NARA, the US National Archives & Records Administration,
Census returns from 1841 to 1901 are held on microfilm/microfiche at the Family Records Centre .
The Family Records Centre is at 1 Myddleton Street, Islington, LONDON, EC1R 1UW,
The National Library of Wales has copies of the census from 1841 to 1891
for the whole of Wales.
You should find copies of censuses at your nearest Family History Centre..
The 1901 Census for England and Wales is available online at www.census.pro.gov.uk.
and learn to make searches down to piece level using PROCAT
Census Links Found for Anglesey - Flintshire Wales
Census Links Found for Glamorganshire - Radnorshire Wales

census - more on line help

Please see the census FAQ

and the Ancestry Message Boards with help for United Kingdom census

(2) the county record offices

regional or provincial, and county or town courts, parish registers
Anglesey County Record Office
Carmarthenshire Archives Service
Ceredigion Archives
Conwy Archives Service
Denbighshire Record Office [under 'A-Z of Services' > 'A' > 'Archives']
Flintshire Record Office
Glamorgan Record Office
Gwent Record Office
Gwynedd: Caernarfon Record Office
Gwynedd: Meirionnydd Archives
Pembrokeshire Record Office
Powys County Archives Office
West Glamorgan Archive Service
see also Archives Network Wales

EG The Conwy Archive and Modern Record Service is based at:
The Old Board School
Lloyd Street, Llandudno
LL30 2YG << Hint you can google the post code to find a bed and breakfast!

(3) local archives and local studies collections

Each town has an  Electoral Roll, copies are at main libraries 
lists of residents with present and old addresses.




National Library
County Record Office
Ancient Monuments Commission
University Library


University Library


County Archives Service


County Record Office
National Museums and Galleries


County Archives Service


County Record Office


County Archives Service


County Record Office


County Record Office


University Library


County Archives Office


County Archives Service


County Record Office


County Archives Service


County Record Office [under 'A-Z of Services' > 'A' > 'Archives']


Museum of Welsh Life


County Archives Service
University Library


The A N Palmer Centre

With a map too from:- Cyngor Archifau Cymru - Welsh Archives Council

(4) private and other archives

start your family history research with your family oral histories, photographs and papers.
Estate records may still be in use or may be deposited above or at major libraries.

Research collections in Wales and their links
at the National Agricultural Museum

(5) printed books, newspapers maps photographs postcards mss

University of Wales Aberystwyth Library
University of Wales Bangor Library
University of Wales Lampeter Library
University of Wales Swansea Library
the Welsh national collections above
Union catalogue of Conwy, Gwynedd and Anglesey libraries
links to other catalogues
and the

British library
and the British Library Newspapers, the national archive collections
in the United Kingdom of British and overseas newspapers.

British Library Newspapers Web Catalogue
(over 52,000 newspaper and periodical titles held with 1163 hits place search:- Wales)

and from the Library of Congress: An aid to researching Welsh genealogy

(6) Civil Registration

after July 1 1837 mainly use BMD certificates for UK Genealogy

THE WHOLE of the civil registration INDEX is NOT YET TRANSCRIBED
BUT the so called St Caths index it is also available on fiche and
Wales and London too

church records

The Church in Wales did not allow filming of church books, parish registers and records until recently,
therefore many collections only have bishops transcripts which are not so detailed.
Recent parish registers are found in the care of the vicar and older ones in the county archives as above. There are reports that parish registers may be centralised in the National Library of Wales, and completely filmed in the near future.

Family History Library System

is a very large collection founded in 1894,
located in USA at 35 North West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, UTAH
and copies are available to order in the branch libraries or FHC all over the world

Family History Library Catalog

just use PLACE search

The website offers links to a range of resources relating to genealogy in Wales.


Britain's most extensive digital historical map archive. OLD-MAPS
- is very slow at week ends or even down !

Britain's most extensive digital historical map archive.
To locate a map, enter a place name, address or co-ordinate (OS Grid Reference)
then click the Search button.
Alternatively go to the County Gazetteer to select a place name, the counties listed are as they were back in the mid. 19th century. The resulting place names listing is based on the current Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 gazetteer.

Modern digital map archives

Use co-ordinate (OS Grid Reference) from above to find old locations today
Streetmap UK

Not as good as it used to be
Multimap com/ you have to pay for house numbers and Full Address Search
But is very very good with aerial photographs at 10,000 scale provided by Getmapping plc,
note the tiny icons View aerial photo and then Overlay map
one of the great pleasures of a great site

============== more on line ==============


Encyclopedic about genealogy in Wales.
N.B. GENUKI is organised on the basis of historic counties. To find which GENUKI pages cover more modern counties and county boroughs,
please see: Modern and Administrative Counties and County Boroughs.
See also: Administrative Areas of Wales.

websites which display primary documents include:

Websites allowing searches at other levels include:

Message boarda and lists.
Wales mailing lists

Ancestry Message Boards [Welsh Counties ] but also search for surnames.
the surname WALES (W420) at ROOTSWEB under revision - so watch this space.
Google Search: welsh genealogy Genealogy in Wales.
soc.culture.welsh usenet group

Google groups Search: Plaid Cymru and Google web Search: Plaid Cymru

The FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service web site
More immigrants have come to Utah from the British Isles than from any other
area. They have become so fundamental a part of the state that their story is
involved in most aspects of its history. British trappers and traders, along
with their Canadian and American counterparts, helped open the West for
settlement. Charles McKay saw the Great Salt Lake as early as 1825 while
exploring northern Utah.
Local organizations, particularly those of Scottish and Welsh immigrants,
fostered the cultural heritage of their native lands. The Cambrian Society,
organized in 1895, sponsored Eisteddfod festivals, helping maintain the Welsh
language and culture.
In 1980, 3.2 percent of Utah's residents had been born in the British Isles.
Concentrated in the cities, they were less than half as likely to live in rural
areas as the population of Utah as a whole. Just over three-fourths of these
immigrants were born in England, about 11 percent in Scotland, 3 percent in
Ireland, 2 percent in Wales and 1 percent in
Northern Ireland.
But the heritage of the British Isles was more evident in the
fact that in the 1990 census 44 percent of Utahns claimed English ancestry, 8
percent Irish, 5 percent Scottish, and 3 percent Welsh.
from Utah History Encyclopedia see also Wales and Welsh

============== where to begin ==============

This outline introduces you to the records you can use to discover your Welsh ancestors.
It describes the content, use, and availability of major genealogical records.

Use this outline to set meaningful goals and to select the records that will help you
achieve your research goals.

Welsh BIRTH DEATH MARRIAGE Events and Time Periods

And then you should consider starting with local collections and local museums, and family history societies of Wales and with county lists at Rootsweb

The locals may have copies of census and parish registers,
and electoral rolls and will be very interested in news from USA and abroad.

I have had much success with local archives, where families have deposited papers and photographs,
and there are extensive collections of newspaper cuttings and knowledge of oral histories.

Parochial collections may not even have email, but they are really interested in hearing
about the children of their land abroad.

So do write to them in Wales and publish your ancesters names on the web too,

Hugh W

Hugh Watkins, host
copied October 5 2004 - site map of Merionethshire WalesGenWeb