(Continuation of Testimony taken on the Application for the Extension of the Patent of Groves & Baker)
Mrs. Harriet M. Vantine, a witness produced, sworn, and examined on the part of the applicants, testifies as follows:
Q1. What is your name and residence; and if married, to whom?
A. My name is Harriet M. Vantine; I reside in New York; I am married to Ashley A. Vantine.
Q2. Are you or not acquainted with the leading sewing machines now in general use?
A. I am.
Q3. Have you or not in use in your family any sewing machine, and if so, what kind, and how long?
A. I have not at present; I have just returned from California; I had one there for eight years.
Q4. Does it or not use a circular under-needle?
A. It does.
Q5. From your knowledge of the other leading sewing machines, and the work performed by them, what superiority, if any, does the Grover & Baker machine, having a circular under-needle and four-motion feed, have over any other machine?
A. First, the elasticity of the stitch; second, the ease with which work can be taken out when it is necessary, also the capability of making the embroidery stitch; the little trouble required to learn to work the machine. My little girl, eight years old, can work the machine as well as I can, almost.
Q6. What is the extent or class of work that can be done on a Grover & Baker machine?
A. I have done all kinds of family sewing and embroidery on it.
Q7. Can embroidery be done on any other machine, so far as you know?
A. It cannot.
Q8. Will you estimate, as near as you can, the annual saving in your family by the use of a sewing-machine?
A. In time, it would save fully half.
Q9. How would it be as regards the same amount of work if paid for?
A. The machine would pay for itself three times over if I had to hire all the work done.
Cross examined by Mr. Chitenden, on the part of James Willcox.
CrossQ1. You say you are acquainted with the leading sewing-machines---what ones?
A. The Florence, Willcox & Gibbs, and some with Wheeler & Wilson's. I have worked on all of those.
CrossQ2. State the extent of your acquaintance with each?
A. I worked on the Willcox and Gibbs for a year, and with the others I have merely tried them with a view of purchasing, and finally decided to take Grover & Baker.
CrossQ3. What do mean by the four-motion feed, in answer to the fifth direct interrogatory?
A. I can't answer as to the four-motion feed; I don't understand the term.
CrossQ4. Is not precisely the same feed used in the Grover & Baker, the Willcox & Gibbs, and the Florence machine?
A. I hardly know.
CrossQ5. Is not the stitch alike in these three machines?
A. I think not.
CrossQ6. Describe the difference between the stitch made by the Grover & Baker and the Florence machines, if you can?
A. In the Florence machine the stitches are alike on both sides, and they are impossible to rip out. In the Grover & Baker, the stitch forms a chain on the underside, and may be ripped out at pleasure, but will not rip unless desired.
CrossQ7. Describe the difference between the Groves & Baker and Willcox & Gibbs machines in the stitch?
A. The Willcox & Gibbs is a single thread, and unravels easily, and care has to be taken with that machine to fasten all the ends.
CrossQ8. Can you tell the quantity of thread that it takes to sew a yard seam on single thickness of muslin on a Grover & Baker machine?
A. I could not do it. I never made the estimate.
CrossQ9. Do you not know that the Grover & Baker machine has the reputation of using more thread than the other machines?
A. I do; then then I think the advantages of the machine far outweigh that.
CrossQ10. Do you, or not, regard the under surface of the stitch as rough and uneven compared with the Wheeler & Wilson lock-stitch?
A. It is no objection whatever to the machine.
CrossQ11. [Question repeated.]
A. It need not be rough and uneven, if ladies would only use the right kind of cotton.
CrossQ12. Do it think it practicable to make both sides of a chain-stitch smooth and regular?
A. I do not.
CrossQ13. Have you had suffiecient experience with the leading machines for sale in this city to be able to testify unqualifiedly, and from your own knowledge, of their merits compared with the Grover & Baker machine?
A. I think I have had.
CrossQ14. How much have you used the Wheeler & Wilson machines?
A. But a short time. I answered that before.