Sir John Cheyney of Shurland

M, #12739, b. circa 1445, d. 1496
FatherSir John Cheney b. c 1410, d. 1468
MotherEleanore Shottesbrooke b. c 1410
     Sir John Cheyney of Shurland married Margaret Chidlock. She was the widow of William, Lord Stourton.1

About 1465. Humphrey Cheyney (18728) was the assumed son of Sir John Cheyney (12739). He may have been a brother or cousin.2

Sir John Cheyne (12739) and John, Lord Howard (12745) were hostages held by King Louis of France, to ensure that King Edward IV would quickly leave France after the Treaty of Picquigny, 29 August 1475. They along with several others received pensions from King Louis for several years following the treaty.3,4

Sir John Cheyne of Falston Cheyne, in Wiltshire, was Esquire of the Body and Master of Horse from 1479-1483, for both Edward IV and Richard III. He lost his title of Master of Horse to Sir James Tyrell, about 1483.5

King Richard III, he was presumed to have been the murderer of Edward IV's heir. Many loyal to the old king, Sir John Fogge and Sir Thomas St Leger, in Kent, and William Norris, William Berkeley, William Stonor, Sir John Cheyne (12739) and Giles Daubency in Wiltshire-Berkshire plotted a rebellion against Richard. Among the followers of Sir Thomas St Leger was a John Pympe, Esquire, of Nettlestead (18727), whose mother was Philippa St Leger and his wife was Elizabeth Cheyne (18726), probably closely related to Sir John Cheyne. N.B.-Most of the families of the rebels named above had closely intermarried.6,7

Sir John (12739), Robert and Humphrey Cheynes were at the Battle of Boswell, 22 August 1485. Robert probably was John's brother, Sir Robert (12768) and Humphrey (18728) a son, brother or close relative. The battle was described in Ross, Richard III, "...(Richard's) small but determined squadron swept through the enemy ranks to close with Henry's immediate bodyguard. Richard himself killed cut down Sir William Brandon, Henry's standard bearer - the only casualty of note on Richmond's side - who could not have been more than a few feet from Henry himself. He then engaged and finally overbore Sir John Cheyne, described as a man of outstanding strength and fortitude. At this stage his horse seems to have been killed under him. Two contemporary sources state that he had the change of a fresh horse and of escape, but refused". Richard was said to have wanted either a peaceful and quiet realm or the end of his reign.1,8

After King Henry 7th, assumed the throne, he elevated Sir John to Lord Cheney of Shurland. But John died without heirs, and the Barony expired. His lands went to his nephew, Sir Thomas Cheney, K. G. (12749).1,9

Sir John Cheyney of Shurland died 1496.1

An online biography of Sir John Cheney appears at http://www.britishplate.org.uk/johncheney/johncheney.html.

Family

Margaret Chidlock b. a 1425
Child

Citations

  1. [S359] R. W. L. Chesney Le Fief de Quesneto Chart 7.
  2. [S545] Charles Ross, Richard III Page 109.
  3. [S456] Columbia Encyclopedia Online.
  4. [S544] Charles Ross, Edward IV Pages 233 and 234.
  5. [S545] Charles Ross, Richard III Pages 108 and 111.
  6. [S544] Charles Ross, Edward IV Page 329.
  7. [S545] Charles Ross, Richard III Page 107.
  8. [S545] Charles Ross, Richard III Pages 109 and 224.
  9. [S545] Charles Ross, Richard III Pages 118 and 154.