William Watson Cheyne

M, #10762, b. 14 December 1852, d. 19 April 1932
FatherAndrew Cheyne1 b. b Nov 1817, d. a 6 Feb 1866
MotherElizabeth Margaret Bruce Watson1 b. c 1825
      He was born 14 December 1852 aboard the Lady Montague at sea.2,3,4

William was Christened, 10 January 1853, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. His mother's name was listed as Eliza. Margaret Wilson. He was also baptized in Fetlar Parish, Shetland Islands.5,6

From the Sir William Watson Cheyne website: "William's mother was Eliza Watson, daughter of the Rev. Watson, Church of Scotland Minister in Fetlar. William was born on his father's ship anchored off Hobart, Tasmania in December 1852, and shortly after his parents' return to Shetland after two years away from home, his mother died of tuberculosis. The young William was brought up at the Manse by his grandfather, and, after the latter's death, by his mother's sisters, one of whom was married to the Rev. Webster, Watson's successor. Eliza's family blamed Andrew Cheyne and the long voyage for her early death, and the young William was brought up as William Watson, being told nothing of his father's name or identity until years later.
William Watson's aunts were determined to quell his ambitions of a career at sea, and took him to be educated at Aberdeen Grammar School in 1864 at the age of 12. In 1868 he entered Aberdeen University, and several years later Edinburgh University. Around this time his father died, and when he was finally made aware of his father's identity, he resumed his full name: William Watson Cheyne."7


William W. Cheyne was listed on the 1871 Scotland Census at 4 Montage Steet, in Edinburgh, Saint Cuthberts Parish, Midlothian, Scotland. He was a lodger in the household of Elizabeth M. Pollock. He was 18 years of age and a student of medicine at Edinburgh University. His birth place was illegible.8

William Watson Cheyne married Emma Servante.

He graduated as a medical doctor from Edinburgh University in 1875.9

He was listed in The Medical Register of the United Kingdom for 1879, 1887, 1891, 1903, 1907, 1915 and 1919. He first registered 5 August 1875. His qualifications included M.B. 1875, Master Surgeon, 1875, Edinburgh University and Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 1879.10

He became the house surgeon to Joseph Lister, the British founder of antiseptic medicine, in 1876. Bacteriology had been much researched in France and Germany in the 1870s and 80s, but little work was done in the field in Britain. Lister was one of the few pioneers of its study in Britain. In 1877, the two took positions at King's College Hospital, where Cheyne served as an assistant surgeon, and later as surgeon from 1880 to 1917 and also as a professor of surgery from 1891 to 1917.3

He resided 6 Old Cavendish Street, Cavendish Square, London, West in 1879.11

An article in the Evening Post dated 1 July 1879 described the deplorable condition that several Zulus were subjected to during the South African war. A doctor Cheyne was mentioned as the surgeon who finally came to their aid. That doctor probably was either, George Edward (4061), John (8945), Robert (11778), Walter Smith (5747), William (20757) or William Watson (10762) Cheyne.12

William Watson Cheyne was listed on the 1881 England Census at 59 Welbeck Street, in London, Marylebone, Middlesex, England. He was a lodger in the household of Emily Wheeler. He was listed as Wm. Watson Cheyne, unmarried, age 28 and a Surgeon M.B.M.C., (Edin), M.R.C.S.F.R.C.S., London.13

William Watson Chayne married Mary Ann (?).14

He resided at 14 Mandeville Place, Manchester Square, London, 1887-1891.15,16

He was found on a Register of Electors in Marylebone Borough, London residing in a dwelling house at 14 Mandeville Place for 1890. His entry was noted: "Not to vote at Parliamentary elections for this qualification, being on the list for East Division". He also had another entry dated 1890 at 59 Welbeck Steet, in Marylebone.17,18

He was found on a Register of Electors in Marylebone Borough, London residing in a dwelling house at 59 Welbeck Street for all years 1890-1894.19,20,21,22,23

William Cheyne and his wife Mary Ann Cheyne were listed on the 1891 England Census, at 59 Welbeck Street, in London, Marylebone, Middlesex, England. He was head of household and a surgeon. Also present were his children, Joseph Cheyne and William Cheyne. Also present in the household were three servants.14

He was found on a Register of Electors in Marylebone Borough, London residing in a dwelling-house at 75 Harley Street for all years 1894 to 1904 and 1906 to 1911. In 1894, it also read "59 Welbeck to 75 Harley Street". In 1912, he was styled "Cheyne, Sir William Watson, Bart." at the same address.24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42

William Watson Cheyne married Margaret Smith 12 December 1894.43,44

A Professor Cheine was mentioned in a newspaper article. Professor Chiene probably was William Watson Cheyne. The article republished in Northern Notes and Queries reads "It is not generally known that the caps used at the graduation ceremonial in Edinburgh and St. Andrews Universities are curious relics of two illustrious Scotsmen. Professor Chiene, President of the Royal College of Surgeons, informed the British Medical Association that the one cap was made out of the seat of a pair of George Buchanan's trousers, while a similar part of John Knox's dress supplied the material for the other".45

The baptismal record of George Basil Watson Cheyne documented William Watson Cheyne, surgeon, residing at 75 Harley Street, as his father, 12 January 1899, in London, Saint Marylebone, Middlesex, England.46

He was known to the medical world as Sir William Watson Cheyne, First Baronet of Leagarth, Fetlar, K.C.M.G., C.B., M.A., M.B., C.M., F.R.C.S., F.R.S., L.L.D. (Edin.), D.Sc. (Oxon). He was a surgeon and bacteriologist who was a pioneer of antiseptic surgical methods in Britain.
He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, taking degrees in surgery and medicine there in 1875.
There is a WebSite in his honour at http://www.watson-cheyne.com.7

The baptismal record of Julia Millicent Watson Cheyne documented William Watson Cheyne, surgeon, residing a 75 Harley Street, as his father, 11 July 1900, in London, Saint Marylebone, Middlesex, England.46

William Cheyne and his wife Margaret Cheyne were listed on the 1901 England Census, at 75 Harley Street, in London, Marylebone, Middlesex, England. He was head of household and a surgeon, own account, at home. Also present in the household were four domestic servants.43



There is an interesting WebSite dedicated to Sir William Watson Cheyne. The attached photo is from that site. The address is: www.watson-cheyne.com/index.htm.48

William Watson Cheyne was found on a passenger list, dated 3 August 1911, at Quebec, Quebec, Canada. Also present was his son, William H. W. Cheyne. They were Saloon Class passengers and tourists aboard the Empress of Britain, out of Liverpool. William Senior was 58, married, born in Tasmania and had previously been in Canada. William, the younger, was 22, single, born in England and this was his first visit.49

William Watson Cheyne was named the father and closest relative of William Hunter Watson Cheyne on a passenger list dated 4 December 1919. Sir Watson Cheyne, R.L.M.P.,resided at Beechgrove, Sydenham Hill, London.50

Sir William Watson Cheyne 1st Baronet of Leagarth and Fetlar was granted the probate of the estate of the deceased, Lady Margaret Cheyne, 17 June 1922. The will of Lady Margaret Cheyne was proved 17 June 1922. An abstract of it reads: "Cheyne lady Margaret of Leagarth Fetlar Shetland Islands North Britain '(wife of sir William Watson Cheyne baronet)' died 9 April 1922 Probate London 17 June to the said sir William Watson Cheyne baronet and Thomas Broomhead solicitor. Effects £1951 18s. 7d."..51

William Watson Cheyne was found on a passenger list, dated 31 March 1924, at Liverpool, Lancashire, England. Also present was his daughter Grace Ella Margaret Watson Cheyne. They were first class passengers aboard the Oropesa. They were entered as both embarking and landing at Liverpool. apparently a round trip voyage that visited Havana, Talcahuano, Valparaiso, Montevideo, Cristobal, Callao, Punta Arenas, Coruna, La Pallice and Mollendo. He was entered as Sir William Watson Cheyne, K.C.M.G., 71 and she as Grace Ella Watson, 27. Both living in Leagarth, Fetlar, Shetland.52

William Watson Cheyne died 19 April 1932 at Holloway Sanatorium in Virginia Water, Surrey, England.2,3,53,54,55

William Watson Cheyne was memorialized, at Fetlar Cemetery, in Fetlar Parish, Shetland Islands, Scotland. His monumental inscription reads "To The Memory Of / WILLIAM WATSON CHEYNE / Baronet Of Leagarth, Fetlar / Born 1852 Died 1932"..56

His estate was probated on 4 August 1932 at London, England.57

Family 1

Emma Servante b. c 1855

Family 2

Mary Ann (?) b. a 1857
Children

Family 3

Margaret Smith b. 27 Dec 1858, d. 9 Apr 1922
Children

Citations

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