Saskatchewan Gen Web Project - SASKATCHEWAN AND ITS PEOPLE by JOHN HAWKES Vol 1I 1924

Volume II



The first Legislative Assembly elected in 1888 had twenty-two mem- bers, viz.: Dr. R. G. Brett (Banff) ; Jas. Clinkskill (Battleford) ; Hill- yard Mitchell (Batoche) ; John Lineham and H. Q. Cayley (Calgary) Dr. H. C. Wilson and Frank Oliver (Edmonton); James Hoey (Kinis- tino) ; F. W. G. Haultain, acclamation (Macleod) ; Thomas Tweed, ac- clamation (Medicine Hat) ; J. H. Ross (Moose Jaw) ; J. R. Neff, accla- mation (Moosomin) ; William Plaxton and J. F. Betts (Prince Albert) Wm. Sutherland (Qu'Appelle North); G. S. Davidson (Qu'Appelle South); D. F. Jelly (Regina North) ; John Secord (Regina South); J. G. Turriff (Souris) ; Joel Reaman (Wallace) ; A. G. Thorburn (Whitewood) B.P. Richardson (Wolseley). The defeated candidates were Mr. Clark (Battleford) ; James Fisher (Batoche) ; James Reilly (Calgary) ; Cun- ningham and Maloney (Edmonton) ; Slater (Kinistino); George M. An- nable (Moose Jaw) ; 0. E. Hughes (Prince Albert) ; Clark (Qu'Appelle North) ; G. W. Brown (Regina North); D. L. Scott (Regina South); J. W. Connell and Fraser (Souris) ; Wm. Eakin (Wallace) ; J. G. Lyons and John Hawkes (Whitewood) ; and J. P. Dill (Wolseley). In addition to the elected members three judges sat as legal experts, viz.: Richardson, Macleod and Rouleau.

The second legislature met in Regina on December 10th, 1891. The members were Dr. Brett (Banff) ; C. E. Boucher (Batoche) ; James Clinkskill (Battleford) ; S. S. Page (Cannington) ; J. Bannerman (East Calgary); Mathew McCauley (Edmonton) ; John Lineham (High River) W. E. Meyers (Kinistino) ; Chas. A. Magrath, acclamation (Lethbridge) F. W. G. Haultain, acclamation (Macleod) ; Ed Fearon (Medicine Hat) Jas. H. Ross (Moose Jaw) ; J. R. Neff (Moosomin) ; Wm. Sutherland (North Qu'Appelle) ; G. W. Brown (North Regina) ; John F. Betts (Prince Albert East) ; J. Lestock Reid (Prince Albert West) ; J. A. Simpson (Red Deer); W. Eakin (Saltcoats) ; G. H. Knowling, acclamation (Souris) ; G. H. V. Bulyea (South Qu'Appelle) ; D. Mowatt (South Regina) ; D. Ma- loney (St. Albert) ; F. F. Timms, acclamation (Victoria) ; 0. A. Critchley (West Calgary) ; A. B. Gillis (Whitewood) ; J. P. Dill (Wolseley) ; F. R. Insinger (Yorkton). This legislature also ran its full term of three years. The third legislature met on the 4th April, 1899, as follows: A. L. Sifton (Banff) ; C. W. Fisher (Batoche) ; B. Prince (Battleford) ; A. E. Cross (East Calgary); R. B. Bennett (West Calgary) ; E. C. McDiarmid (Cannington); M. McCauley (Edmonton); R. S. Lake (Grenfell); R. A. Wallace (High River) ; W. F. Meyers (Kinistino) ; Dr. De Veber, accla- mation (Lethbridge); F. W. G. Haultain, acclamation (Macleod); H. A. Greeley (Medicine Hat) ; J. A. McIntyre (Mitchell) ; J. H. Ross (Moose Jaw); A. S. Smith (Moosomin) ; Samuel Macleod (Prince Albert East); Thomas McKay (Prince Albert West); Donald H. McDonald, acclamation (North Qu'Appelle); G. H. V. Bulyea (South Qu'Appelle); J. A. Simpson (Red Deer); G. W. Brown (North Regina); J. B. Hawkes (South Re- gina); W. Eakin (Saltcoats); J. W. Connell (Souris); J. W. Shera (Victoria) ; A. A. Rosenroll (Wetaskiwin) ; A. B. Gillis, acclamation (White- wood); Dr. Elliott (Wolseley) ; Dr. Patrick, acclamation (Yorkton).

The first, second and third legislatures ran their full life, but the fourth, elected on the 4th of November, 1898, for four years, was dissolved on the 26th April, 1902, when it had some months to run. The fourth legislature consisted of thirty-five members, of whom the following were re-elected: C. Fisher, B. Prince, R. B. Bennett, E. C. McDiarmid, R. S. Lake, by acclamation, R. A. Wallace, J. A. Simpson, W. F. Meyers, Dr. De Veber, F. W. G. Haultain, H. A. Greeley, A. D. McIntyre, acclama- tion, G. M. Annable (elected first in a bye-election for Moose Jaw), A. S. Smith, Thomas McKay, Donald H. McDonald acclamation, J. W. Shera, A.A. Rosenroll, A. B. Gillis, Dr. Elliott and Dr. Patrick. Chas. W. Fisher was elected for Banff in a bye-election on the retirement of A. L. Sifton to become first Chief Justice of the Northwest Territories and was re-elected at the general election. New members were John J. Young (East Calgary) ; J. W. Woolf (Cardston) ; Richard Secord (Edmonton) Peter Talbot (Lacombe); W. T. Finlay (Medicine Hat); D. Maloney (St. Albert), but was unseated, when he was defeated by L. J. A. Lambert) Thos. MacNutt (Saltcoats); W. H. Sinclair (Saskatoon); James Clinkskill (Saskatoon) ; A. C. Rutherford (Strathcona).

Dr. Brett, for some time premier, was returned at the ensuing elec- tion, but only sat for one session. His name is mentioned here in order that a tribute may be paid to an honorable and cultured gentleman, who has since been suitably honored by a double term as Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta. The stand he took in the "fight for freedom" was not in accord with the popular feeling, but as a convinced Tory it was quite in accord with what he conceived to be his duty. Dr. Brett will always hold a deservedly prominent place in the list of western worthies and we know of none who is regarded with a more affectionate esteem.

The fight for freedom practically closed with the fourth session of the second Assembly (1898), for in the interval before its final session legislation was passed at Ottawa giving additional powers to the legisla- ture, and co-incidently Lieutenant-Governor Royal's term of office ex- pired. A bye-election was held for Whitewood at which for the first time the ballot was used in the Territories. Under the old system the voter told the returning officer orally for whom he wished to vote. This was under an ordinance introduced by Mr. Frank Oliver, by which each candi- date was allotted a certain color, and the ballot had to be marked with a pencil of that color. There were four candidates at Whitewood, requiring of course four different colored pencils at each polling station. At the last moment word came that there were only three pencils at Fairmede polling station, and the missing pencil was the pencil of Mr. W. Clement, a Fairmede farmer. A pencil was expressed from Regina to Whitewood, where a terrific blizzard was raging. Mr. Fred Chamberlain, the local liveryman, drove twenty-five miles with that pencil at the risk of his life, and arrived safely and in time. Mr. Chamberlain, an ex-officer of the Mercantile Marine, was one of Whitewood's pioneers. After the general election of 1894 Mr. Haultain called as members of the Executive Council Messrs. J. H. Ross, Hillyard Mitchell, C. A. Magrath and G. H. V. Bulyea. Mr. Haultain and Ross were in permanent residence in Regina, the other members were non-resident and only called in as occasion demanded for

Once the constitutional question was settled, and the powers of the As- sembly more or less clearly defined, Mr. Haultain's position as the head of the Government was never seriously in danger. Mr. J. H. Ross was his lieutenant till 1901, when he resigned his seat to become Lieutenant- Governor of the Yukon. It must be conceded that Messrs. Haultain and Ross made a remarkably good team. Mr. Haultain never was and never could be a politician in the commonly accepted meaning of the term. The calculated use of the glad hand, the campaign caressing of grimy infants were quite beyond him. He was openly accused of a certain undemocratic aloofness and hauteur; and he most certainly had on occasion a gift of cool biting sarcasm which was the dread of a good many. But he was never lacking in high courtesy; a polished, ready, logical and cultured speaker he never strained for an effect, and was never known to get "rattled" under attack, to thump his desk, to use an unparliamentary ex- pression or fail in any personal courtesy. He was a manly, straightfor- ward opponent, singularly free from mere personal ambition, and quite incapable of being moved by mercenary considerations. It was perhaps fortunate for the Territory that in its growing time, when all vigorous initiative was restricted by a half-starved Treasury that it had at its head a man who recognised the facts of the situation, and who, while doing his best to get larger means, and better service, never wasted his energies in chasing any theoretical will-o'-the-wisp. He was admirably seconded by Mr. Ross, who had a natural friendliness, a shrewd judgment of men and things, and an intimate knowledge of the life of the country, which made him second to none in the arena of political affairs. In 1901 Mr. Ross was appointed Governor of the Yukon. Meanwhile a third resident minister being required Mr. Bulyea was called in and became minister of Regina. It will show that it was still a day of small things when we say that the sum at his disposal to pay his own salary, that of his deputy and staff and to foster the agriculture of an empire was $25,000.

The theory was that there were no federal politics in federal affairs, and this was a perpetual bone of contention. When Mr. Bulyea was called in the "Cabinet" was composed of two pronounced Liberals and one not particularly aggressive Conservative in Mr. Haultain; and the cry that the Government was really a "Grit Hive" was heard in certain circles. When Mr. Ross went to the Yukon, and was succeeded by Mr. A. L. Sifton, who had replaced Dr. Brett for Banif, the cry became louder yet. After the election of 1902 the demand was fairly general on both sides that party lines be drawn, and at a Conservative Convention at Moose Jaw Mr. Haultain consented to this course being adopted. When Mr. Sifton succeeded Chief Justice Maguire on the Bench, Dr. Elliott of Wolseley, a Conservative, became Minister of Agriculture and the Cabi- net of two Conservatives to one Liberal (Mr. Bulyea) remained in power till the formation of the Province. Bibliography follows:

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