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Ontario GenWeb Project: 1830-1839
Research By Year
  • Overview
  • Timeline
  • Governing Entity

  • Places
  • What's Available
  • Related Material

  • Presented here is the information we currently have to offer on this decade. A writer is needed to finish this page!!


    Ontario did not get its present name until 1867. During this time period it was known as Upper Canada.

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  • Knowledge of (or the willingness to research) genealogical or historically significant events that occurred during this decade

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  • Timeline

    1830Population of Upper Canada: 213,156
    1831Marriage Act allows Baptist, Congregationalist, Methodist, Mennonite, Independent, Dunkers and Moravian clergy to legally perform marriages
    1831Population of Upper Canada: 236,702
    1831The The Cobourg Star is established and is now the oldest weekly newspaper in Canada
    1832Cholera spreads from Quebec killing almost 600 in Ontario and a total of 6000 Canadians across the country
    1832Great Fire of Hamilton
    1832(1832-1837) Petworth Emigration Scheme
    1832Population of Upper Canada: 263,554
    1832Rideau Canal is opened for use
    1833Abolition of Slavery
    1833Hamilton is Incorporated. It is the first settlement in Upper Canada to be incorporated.
    1833Population of Upper Canada: 295,863
    1834Population of Upper Canada: 321,145
    1834Province-wide epidemic of cholera lasts approx 4 months during the summer and early fall
    1834The first railway, London-Gore Road (later Great Western), is incorporated in London
    1834Toronto is Incorporated
    1835(11 Mar 1835) First formal police force in Canada is established in Toronto
    1835Bank notes are printed for the first time in Canada
    1835Freedom of the Press is established in Canada
    1835Population of Upper Canada: 347,359
    1836Population of Upper Canada: 374,099
    1836The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Upper Canada is established
    1837Population of Upper Canada: 397,489
    1837Rebellion of 1837
    1838Ague depletes the population of Lindsay (Victoria County) by one-third
    1838Population of Upper Canada: 399,422
    1838(November) Battle of the Windmill - American "invasion" and armed conflict at Windmill Point.
    1839Population of Upper Canada: 409,048

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    Governing Entity


  • William IV [1830-37] King of England
  • Victoria [1837-1901] Queen of England
    Canada's Head of State; Ruling Monarch of Britain

    Governor General of British North America:

  • Sir James Kempt [1828-1830]
  • Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer [1830-1835]
  • Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford [1835-1837]
  • Sir John Colborne [1837-1838]
  • John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham [1838-1839]
  • Charles Edward Poulett Thomson, Baron Sydenham [1839-1842]
    Personal representative of the Sovereign and acting out the duties of Canada's Head of State on their behalf. Also is Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces. Governor General's are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the sovereign. This role is mostly ceremonial, and lasts 5-7 years.

    Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada:

  • Sir John Colborne [1828-1836]
  • Sir Francis Bond Head [1836-1838]
  • Sir George Arthur [1838-1839]
  • Charles Poullet Thompson (Lord Sydenham) [1839-1840]
    The lieutenant governor (pronounced lef'ten-ent gov'er-ner) is a representative of the monarch, and appointed by the Prime Minister of Canada for a term of five years. Each province in Canada has their own provincial lieutenant governor.

    What Places Existed

  • Bathurst District [Est. 1824]
  • Brock District [Est. 1837]
  • Carleton County [Est. 1800]
  • Dundas County [Est. 1792]
  • Durham County [Est. 1792]
  • Eastern District [Est. 1788]
  • Essex County [Est. 1792]
  • Frontenac County [Est. 1792]
  • Glengarry County [Est. 1792]
  • Gore District [Est. 1816]
  • Grenville County [Est. 1792]
  • Haldimand County [Est. 1800]
  • Halton County [Est. 1816]
  • Hastings County [Est. 1792]
  • Home District [Est. 1788]
  • Huron County [Est. 1835]
  • Johnstown District [Est. 1798]
  • Kent County [Est. 1792]
  • Lambton County [Est. 1837]
  • Lanark County [Est. 1824]
  • Leeds County [Est. 1792]
  • Lennox & Addington County [Est. 1800]
  • Lincoln County [Est. 1792]
  • London District [Est. 1800]
  • Middlesex County [Est. 1800]
  • Midland District [Est. 1788]
  • Newcastle District [Est. 1802]
  • Niagara District [Est. 1800]
  • Norfolk County [Est. 1792]
  • Northumberland County [Est. 1792]
  • Ottawa District [Est. 1816]
  • Oxford County [Est. 1800]
  • Peterborough County [Est. 1838]
  • Prescott County [Est. 1800]
  • Prince Edward County [Est. 1792]
  • Prince Edward District [Est. 1831]
  • Renfrew County [Est. 1845]
  • Rupert's Land [Est. 1670]
  • Russell County [Est. 1800]
  • Simcoe County [Est. 1821]
  • Simcoe District [Est. 1837]
  • Stormont County [Est. 1792]
  • Talbot District [Est. 1837]
  • Upper Canada [Est. 1791]
  • Victoria County [Est. 1821]
  • Victoria District [Est. 1837]
  • Wellington District [Est. 1837]
  • Wentworth County [Est. 1816]
  • Western District [Est. 1788]
  • York County [Est. 1788]

    What's Available

    Below are the resources that are generally available for most time periods. Under each title is a blurb telling you if the resource is available for this time period. For more general information on each resource, how to use it, where to find it, click on the title.

    Birth Records
    Birth registration was not required. In order to find a record of birth during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.

    Books are an often overlooked resource especially now that the internet appears to have all the information you need at your fingertips. Local histories, period histories, and even transcripts are available, not just locally, but worldwide. Is your ancestor hiding in a book?

    Cemetery Records
    Finding a cemetery record for this time period could be hit or miss. Most people were either buried on family land, or in their church cemetery (what was their religion?).

    Census Records
    For more settled areas during this time a census was taken every year but few, if any, of these records have survived. Census Records that are known to have survived are listed on OntarioGenWeb's Census Project.

    Church Records
    During the early years of Upper Canada there were religious restrictions. When England claimed Canada as their colony they hoped to create an Anglican nation. However as more and more immigrants arrived it was clear they wanted Freedom of Religion, and bit by bit they won that right. But for genealogists seeking their ancestors this can be a tricky search if your ancestor was not part of a religion that was legally permitted to practice certain rites in Ontario.

    Until 1831 the only churchs permitted to perform certain church rites were: Anglican, Calvinist, Catholic, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Presbyterian. In 1831 permission was granted to the Baptist, Congregationalist, Dunkers, Independent, Mennonite, Methodist, and Moravian churchs.

    Citizenship/Naturalization Records
    If your ancestor was a British subject (born in Canada, England, or one of England's colonies) you will not find a Citizenship or Naturalization Record because they were already considered a citizen. If your ancestor was born elsewhere they were eligible to apply for Citizenship or Naturalization after living in Canada for three years and declaring loyalty to the British Crown.

    Court Records

  • Coroner Records
  • Correctional Records
  • Guardianship Records
  • Surrogate Court
  • Wills & Estate Files

    Death Records
    Death registration was not required. In order to find a record of death during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.

    Funeral Records
    As Funeral Homes were rarely used prior to the late 1800's it's quite likely you will not find a Funeral Record for this time period.

    Emigration Records
    Not available for this time period

    Immigration Records

  • Quarantine Records
  • Ship Lists: If your ancestor was a British subject, or arrived by ship prior to 1865 it's possible but unlikely you'll find them on a ship passenger list.

    Land Records

  • Land Patents
  • Township Papers

    Marriage Records
    Starting in 1793 there are District Marriage Registers. If your ancestor is not in the District Marriage Registers, you will have to use other resources.

    Military Records
    Some records are available

    Misc Records

  • Newspapers
  • Biographies
  • Fraternal Organizations
  • Employment Records
  • Education Records
  • Alumni Records

    Do you know of another resource that could be used to research this time period?
    Your name:

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    What is the resource?

    How can this resource be used to research this time period?

    Please Note: Queries sent through this form will be deleted & ignored! This form is for providing information, not requesting help. Use our Help page


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