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Ontario GenWeb Project: 1800-1809
Research By Year
  • Overview
  • Timeline
  • Governing Entity

  • Places
  • What's Available
  • Related Material

  • Presented here is a brief overview of what transpired in 'Ontario' between 1800-1809. This is by no means a full account, and many events have been left out. If you are interested in an in-depth view of this time period, please read the sources used as well as other history books that cover this time period.


    Ontario did not get its present name until 1867. During this time period it was known as Upper Canada.

    A complete Overview is coming soon...


    1800Timothy Grant receives a land grant to establish a Quaker Settlement in York County
    1802First issue of The York Gazette
    1803British Passenger Act
    1803Thomas Talbot applies for and receives a land grant of 48,500 acres to establish a settlement (The Talbot Settlement) in London District. By 1836 he has settled portions of 29 Townships in South-West Upper Canada
    1804Lord Selkirk's attempt at a settlement in Baldoon (near Lake St Clair) fails
    1804On the way to Presqu'ile Point, the Schooner 'Speedy' sinks in Lake Ontario causing all aboard to drown, including some of Upper Canada's leading citizens
    1806Population of Upper Canada: 70,718
    1807(2 Feb 1807) Ontario Education System commences with the District Grammar School Act
    1807The first public school is opened in York by Dr. George Okill Stuart
    1808The Militia Act: All males between the ages of 16 and 60 are required to serve in the militia and appear once a year for training

    Do you know of any other significant events that occurred during this decade?

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    Date of Event:


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    Governing Entity


  • George III [1760-1820] King of England
    Canada's Head of State; Ruling Monarch of Britain

    Governor General of British North America:

  • Robert Prescott [1796-1807]
  • Sir James Henry Craig [1807-1811]
    Personal representative of the Sovereign and acting out the duties of Canada's Head of State on their behalf. Also is Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces. Governor General's are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the sovereign. This role is mostly ceremonial, and lasts 5-7 years.

    Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada:

  • Peter Hunter [1799-1805]
  • Alexander Grant [1805-1806]
  • Francis Gore [1806-1808; 1810-1811]
    The lieutenant governor (pronounced lef'ten-ent gov'er-ner) is a representative of the monarch, and appointed by the Prime Minister of Canada for a term of five years. Each province in Canada has their own provincial lieutenant governor.

    What Places Existed

  • Addington County [Est. 1792]
  • Dundas County [Est. 1792]
  • Durham County [Est. 1792]
  • Eastern District [Est. 1788]
  • Essex County [Est. 1792]
  • Frontenac County [Est. 1792]
  • Glengarry County [Est. 1792]
  • Grenville County [Est. 1792]
  • Hastings County [Est. 1792]
  • Hesse District [Est. 1788]
  • Home District [Est. 1788]
  • Johnstown District [Est. 1798]
  • Kent County [Est. 1792]
  • Leeds County [Est. 1792]
  • Lennox County [Est. 1792]
  • Lincoln County [Est. 1792]
  • Lunenburg District [Est. 1788]
  • Mecklenburgh District [Est. 1788]
  • Midland District [Est. 1788]
  • Nassau District [Est. 1792]
  • Norfolk County [Est. 1792]
  • Northumberland County [Est. 1792]
  • Ontario County (#1) [Est. 1792]
  • Prince Edward County [Est. 1792]
  • Rupert's Land [Est. 1670]
  • Stormont County [Est. 1792]
  • Suffolk County [Est. 1792]
  • Upper Canada [Est. 1791]
  • Western District [Est. 1788]
  • York County [Est. 1788]

    What's Available

    Below are the resources that are generally available for most time periods. Under each title is a blurb telling you if the resource is available for this time period. For more general information on each resource, how to use it, where to find it, click on the title.

    Birth Records
    Birth registration was not required. In order to find a record of birth during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.

    Books are an often overlooked resource especially now that the internet appears to have all the information you need at your fingertips. Local histories, period histories, and even transcripts are available, not just locally, but worldwide. Is your ancestor hiding in a book?

    Cemetery Records
    Finding a cemetery record for this time period could be hit or miss. Most people were either buried on family land, or in their church cemetery (what was their religion?).

    Census Records
    For more settled areas during this time a census was taken every year but few, if any, of these records have survived. Census Records that are known to have survived are listed on OntarioGenWeb's Census Project.

    Church Records
    During the early years of Upper Canada there were religious restrictions. When England claimed Canada as their colony they hoped to create an Anglican nation. However as more and more immigrants arrived it was clear they wanted Freedom of Religion, and bit by bit they won that right. But for genealogists seeking their ancestors this can be a tricky search if your ancestor was not part of a religion that was legally permitted to practice certain rites in Ontario. During this time period the only churchs permitted to perform certain church rites were: Anglican, Calvinist, Catholic, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Presbyterian.

    Citizenship/Naturalization Records
    If your ancestor was a British subject (born in Canada, England, or one of England's colonies) you will not find a Citizenship or Naturalization Record because they were already considered a citizen. If your ancestor was born elsewhere they were eligible to apply for Citizenship or Naturalization after living in Canada for three years and declaring loyalty to the British Crown.

    Court Records

  • Surrogate Court
  • Wills & Estate Files

    Death Records
    Death registration was not required. In order to find a record of death during this time period you will have to utilize other resources such as Church Records, Cemetery Records, Court Records, and even Miscellany Records.

    Funeral Records
    As Funeral Homes were rarely used prior to the late 1800's it's quite likely you will not find a Funeral Record for this time period.

    Emigration Records
    Not available for this time period

    Immigration Records

  • Ship Lists: If your ancestor was a British subject, or arrived by ship prior to 1865 it's possible but unlikely you'll find them on a ship passenger list.

    Land Records

  • Upper Canada Land Petitions
  • Land Patents
  • Township Papers

    Marriage Records
    Starting in 1793 there are District Marriage Registers. If your ancestor is not in the District Marriage Registers, you will have to use other resources.

    Military Records
    Some records are available

    Misc Records

  • Newspapers
  • Biographies
  • Fraternal Organizations
  • Employment Records

    Do you know of another resource that could be used to research this time period?
    Your name:

    Email address:

    What is the resource?

    How can this resource be used to research this time period?

    Please Note: Queries sent through this form will be deleted & ignored! This form is for providing information, not requesting help. Use our Help page


    Related Material

  • Questions & Answers
  • Links

  • before 1791
    1791 - 1799
    1800 - 1809
    1810 - 1819
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