Newfoundland Voyages in Foreign Newspapers and Journals. (Incomplete)
A few lines demonstrating early Newfoundland voyages from foreign newspapers/journals. Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, March 2017 (updates November 2019 & June 2022).
While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors.
The following endnote was added November, 2019.
Lines below here which are indicative of voyages from the "Channel Island of Jersey, to Conception Bay, Newfoundland".
But "the said John Hue in Breach of his Agreement", having entered into and carried on a large and "beneficial Trade on his own Private Account" with the Planters in Newfoundland, ...
Acts of the Privy Council of England: Colonial Series. Colonial Series. Vol 4. London, 1911.
By Great Britain. Privy Council, William Lawson Grant, Sir Almeric William Fitz Roy
March 11, 1757. [Reference to the Committee of the petition of Nicholas Fiott, merchant, of Jersey, for himself and Company, for a day for hearing his appeal
from a sentence of the Royal Court of Jersey, March 2, 1754, in his action against John Hue.] demanding general and particular accounts of all Commerce which
the said Hue had carried on at Newfoundland in the Years 1749 and 1750, during which time the said was under engagement to the Petitioner, not to carry on any
Trade, but for the account and benefit of the Petitioner.
March 26, 1757 [On the Committee report of March 17, the appeal is dismissed. The agreement had not been reduced into writing, and Fiott was unable to prove his case.]
Mar 28, 1749, edition.
Came in to Cowes for Jersey, the vessel "Betty", Captain Hue.
Aug 14, 1752, edition.
Sailed from Southampton for Jersey, the vessel "Hope", Captain Hue.
Nov 28, 1752, edition.
Arrived at Cadiz, from Newfoundland, the vessels/captains: "Mary", Snow; and "Sally", Hue.
June 19, 1753, edition.
Arrived at Newfoundland, from Jersey, the vessels:
"Swan", Captain Carteret.
"Hester", Captain Le Marinel
"King Fisher", Captain Barbier
"Peter", Captain Preven
"Sarah", Captain Le Boutillier/Boutileer/Boutilier/Botelor/Butler
"Willing Mind", Captain Fiott
"Magdalane", Captain Combs
"Sally", Captain Hue
"Diamond", Captain Le Couteur
Nov 16, 1753, edition.
Arrived at Cadiz, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Sally", Captain Hue. 100 Tons.
Dec 21, 1753, edition.
Arrived at Torbay, Devon, from Cadiz, the vessel "Sally", Captain Hue.
Feb 18, 1755, edition.
Arrived in the Downs, from Galipoly, the vessel "Sally", Captain Hue.
Nov 17, 1767, edition.
Arrived at Jersey, from Newfoundland, the vessels:
"Nancy", Captain Duheaume
"Expedition", Captain Neal
"Mary", Captain Carrol
"Success", Captain Giffard
"Good Intent", Captain Le Visconte
"Postillion", Captain Marrett
"Sally", Captain Howard, from the Labrador.
Messers. Hue & Co. agent in Port de Grave in 1777, was Phillip Dumauresq. 1777 Combes & Co. agents at Port de Grave, were John Le Rich & John Pipon.
Lloyd's Register, 1778.
The "Three Partners", Captain F. Anquetn, Voyage: Jersey - Newfoundland, 100 Tons/10 Men, Built in America, 1770. For: P. Mallet.
"Two Brothers", James Nice, Jersey - Newfoundland, 150/10, British, old. For: Jean Hue & Co. [ aka: John Hue & Co. ]
"Two Brothers", H. Brunet/Joseph Neal, Jersey - Swansey, 50/8, Newfoundland, 76. Captain & Co. H. Brunett.
"Molly", P. Neel, Jersey - Newfoundland, 110/11, Boston, 69. For: Hue & Co.
"Mary", P. Cronier, Jersey - Newfoundland, 150/12, River Thames, 35? For: Matthew Gosset.
"Southampton", J. Le Sueur, Jersey - Newfoundland, 130/11, America, 67. For: Nicholas Fiott.
"Mary", J. Herault, Jersey - Newfoundland, 70/9, America, 63. For: J. Pipon.
Lloyd's Register, 1779.
"Amelia", E Neal, Jersey - Newfoundland, 160/12, New York, 65. For: Hue & Co.
"Molly", P Neel, Jersey - Newfoundland, 110/11, Boston, 69. For: Hue & Co.
"Jane", Le Couteur, Jersey - Newfoundland, 160/13, America, old. For: Hue & Co.
"Two Friends", J. Nice, Jersey - Newfoundland, 150/10, British, old. For: Hue & Co.
"Sally", P Mallet, Jersey - Newfoundland, 200/12, New England, 72. For: Hue & Co.
Lloyd's List, July 16, 1779, edition. The "Jane", Captain Le Couteur, from Labrador to a Market, was taken in November last, and carried into Newbury.
Mar 5, 1779, edition. Arrived at Jersey, from Cadiz, the vessel "Amelia", Captain Neel.
Lloyd's Register, 1780.
"Amelia", E. Neal, Jersey - Newfoundland, 160/12, New York, 65. For: Hue & Co.
"Molly", P. Neal, Jersey - Newfoundland, 110/12, Boston, 69. For: Hue & Co.
The British Archivist - v. 1, no. 3 (May 1913). Page 20.
George Le Geyt was baptized at St. Saviour's, Jersey; on May 16, 1756. He was 26 years of age when Commander of the privateer "Union" in 1782.
The "Union was principally owned by Nicholas Fiott and Matthew Gosset, merchants. George, deceased & unmarried, was buried at St. Saviour's on Sep 21, 1794.
*Nicholas Fiott originally of St. Saviour's Parish, moved residence to St. Hellier Parish.
In Nov, 1782, a Captain Le Geyt arrived at Jersey, from Newfoundland, in the vessel "Concord". Another Le Geyt captained the "George", Jersey to Newfoundland, 1782.
Rassegna Storica Toscana, Volumes 50-51. Leo S. Olschki, 2004 - Tuscany (Italy).
Jan 24, 1770. Arrived at Leghorn from Carbonear, the vessel "Fame", Captain Thomas Reed.
Oct 31, 1770. Arrived at Leghorn from Catalina, the vessel "Squirrel", Captain Robert Cappon. Out of London.
Also Oct 31, 1770, the vessel "Levante", Captain Patrick Carrol, from Fogo. Out of Bristol.
Arrived at Leghorn, from Harbour Grace, the vessel "Friendship", Captain Griffin. Out of Dartmouth.
Nov 28, 1770. Arrived at Leghorn, from Bonavista, the vessel "Favourite", Captain Nicholas Frederickson. Out of London.
Arrived at Leghorn, from Ferryland, the vessel "Blessing", Captain Richard Honey. 150 Tons? Out of Dartmouth.
Sep 29, 1772. Arrived at Leghorn from Harbour Grace, the vessel "Maddalena", Captain Elias Vibert.
Arrived at Leghorn, from Harbour Grace, the vessel "Christopher", Captain Christopher Edwards. Out of Bristol. ?For: James Harford?
Gazetta Universale, 1777.
Oct 22, 1777 Arrived at Leghorn, from Fogo in Terra-Nova, the Nave "Carlotta", Captain Leonardo Webb.
( "Charlotte", 150 Tons, Captain L. Webb, Voyage: Bristol - Newfoundland. For: J. Reed & Co. )
25 August, 1757. Commander: William Snow. Ship: "Charming Nancy", Privateer. Burden: 200 tons. Crew: 120.
Owners: Philip Lempriere, Thomas Pixon(?Pipon?), Nicholas Fiott, Gideon Villeneufe of Jersey, merchants, and William Snow.
The General Evening Post, 1761. Oct 29th to Oct 31. Page 12.
June. The "Prince William", Captain Snow of Jersey; on a Newfoundland Cruise.
Further research titles...
Jersey in 18th and
Poole, Dorset; customs, 1760.
On the 2d instant arriv’d here the Speedwell, Sloop, Wm Ford Master from Newfoundland who produced us the inclos’d Register, by which it appears she was built in Twillingate Harbour in Newfoundland in September last & was never in England before. Her lading consists of Train Oil, Furs & Seal Skins; & we have stop’d the Furs in obedience to Your Honours Orders of the 9th of June 1739 for the Master’s not having given Bond to land the same in Great Britain, which we apprehend could not be taken in Newfoundland that the Register is as good as could be procur’d there, & that no Fraud was intended in respect, which is humbly submitted by Honoured Sirs: 3rd December 1760. Yours & Ca: John Hudden & Samuel Weston.
On the 24th of August 1754 Moses & David Hooper enter’d here on the Mary, William Taverner Junr. Master, for Newfoundland, 15Ø [hundred] wt Cork & 37 Weys 22 Bushels Spanish Salt, the Debenture for which was never paid them: They are since both become Bankrupts & reside at Newfoundland & one of the Assignees to their Estate has been with us to demand the Payment of the Debenture: The Master is ready to make [oath] that all the Goods were landed at Newfoundland; & we are inform’d that an Assignee to a Bankrupt can take the Oath as to the Exportation of the Goods on the Face of the Debenture; but as we never met with an Instance of this kind, we are unwilling to pay the Drawback without Your Honours directions; which is most humbly subitted by Honoured Sirs: 2nd March 1761. Yours Ca: John Hudden & Samuel Weston.
On the 5th instant Kittier & Slade enter’d with us on the Triton of Poole, Rich. Barns Master from Alicant, 3958 Baskets v 1808? – 1gro – 25lits Denier Raisins,
& they being desirous of having them survey’d by Grocers for Damage we appointed Two of the Town , Messrs Miller & Budden to view the same agreeable to the 11th Rule of the Book of Rates, who have on their Oath return’d that they do adjudge and believe the whole Quantitiy of Raisons above mention’d to be lessen’d one part in Eight of their true value by the damage they have receiv’d by Salt Water or otherways; which is humbly submitted for Your Honours directions by, Honoured Sirs: 20th March 1762. Yours & Ca: John Hudden & Samuel Weston.
Lloyd's List, Dec 5, 1760, edition.
Arrived at Poole, Dorset; from Newfoundland, the vessels/captains: "Speedwell", Ford, "Poole", Farr; "George", Durrell; and "Dispatch", Randall.
*Captain James Randall imported furs and berries into Poole, Dorset; via this voyage. Berries = British Partridge berries from Bonavista/Fogo/Twillingate?
*In 1761, James Randall was master of the ship "William", out from Poole to Newfoundland, owner Joseph White.
*Captain Robert Durell imported Train Oil, Cod Fish, and Seal Skins, and 2 White Bear Skins, via this voyage. Robert Durell had obtained customs' plantation certificates.
*A captain Ford of the vessel "Elizabeth", "out of Weymouth; in this era.
*Captain John Farr imported Seal Skins into Poole in December 1759, in the vessel "Banker".
Some other vessels/captains who imported Seal Skins, Deer Skins, Furs, and berries, into Poole, Dorset; from Newfoundland.
December, 1758. "Industrious Bee", captain Joseph Lundridge; "Dolphin", captain John Warren; "Sally", John Winsor.
November, 1759. "Dolphin", captain John Warren. ( 1 Cask of British Berries. ) "Patsey", captain Thomas Grimes. ( Train Oil & Seal Skins. )
December, 1759. "Elizabeth", captain Valentine Baker. ( Cargo of Fish and Seal Skins. Decks very leaky. Spoilage? ) "Dispatch", Coastal Trader, captain Robert Pope. ( Bag of Furs. )
November, 1760. "Sally", captain Samuel Coward, Master. ( Train Oil, Cod Fish, Furs, and Seals. New Sloop built in Newfoundland. Ships register obtained in Trinity Harbour. )
January, 1762. "Young Beaver", captain John Stanworth/Stainsworth, Train Oil, Seal Skins, and Furs. "Sukey", captain Charles Churchill, Deer/Fox/Seal Skins. ( Trinity Bay. )
Nov 12th, 1761. The "Wolf" of Poole, Thomas Courtin ( Courtney? ) Master, returned to Poole; after two months plus, at Sea.
Could not make land at Newfoundland, due to adverse winds. Ship owner was Mr. Jolliffe. ( Voyage: Poole to Trinity Bay? )
Additional endnotes below added June 2022
Annual bulletin v.3 1891-1896. Published 1896. Author: Société jersiaise. Page 330.
Mr. Richard Le Cras of St Laurence parish.
Mr. Richard Le Cras avait espouse Anne, fille de Thomas Snow.
Mr. Thomas Snow was the son of Thomas Snow, Captain of the Corsair "Marie" in 1692, including father William Snow, was of English origin. ( etait d'origine anglaise. )
The Snow family, who lived in "Les Caches", Vintaine du Coin-Hatain, St. Laurens, is, we believe, in Jersey, in the men's line; but it is taken over by several families of St. Laurens and St. Helier, among others the Mauger, Le Cras, Godel, and Nicolle.
"Anglaise family". Any consideration for Conception Bay? Abraham Snow of Atherington, Devon?
( William Snow. His son Thomas Snow, and his grandson Thomas Snow. Circa 1730. )
From Snow to Snow. By: Snow, James G. (James Gerard), 1930-
Abraham Snow, bap July 17, 1675, 9th child of William Snow, and a native of Newfoundland, died St. Lawrence, Jersey, and buried March 28, 1730.
*This William Snow, a husband of Rachel Gibault.
John and Jean Snow of Newfoundland, had daughter Sarah bap at St. Aubin's, Jersey, Sep 4, 1737.
John Snow of Kelly's Island, Conception Bay, 1708. Apparent brother to Captain Thomas Snow of the Corsair "Marie", in 1692.
One brother Thomas Snow having Newfoundland experience, became a Jersey-Newfoundland captain. Another brother John Snow, settled in Newfoundland.
It was not uncommon for early Newfoundland sea captains, to have family members settle in Newfoundland.
*Richard Le Cras wed Anne Snow on March 13, 1752, at St. Laurence parish, Jersey.
*Abraham Godel wed Marguerite Snow on April 5, 1756, at St. Laurence parish, Jersey.
*Some family Snow members, wed in other Island of Jersey parishes.
*John Snow witnessed Noah Nicolle's April, 1724, Blackhead, Conception Bay/St. Helier, Jersey; Last Will & Testament. As well, Elias Neel. ?Elias Noel?
*Lloyd's List, Nov 28, 1752, edition. Arrived at Cadiz, from Newfoundland, the vessels/captains: "Mary", Snow; and "Sally", Hue.
*Feb 18, 1734. Captain Samuel Thurman and John Davis' Bill, to P. Nool.
*Elias and Phillip Neel captained for merchant John Hue, circa 1760's/1770's, Jersey to Newfoundland. ?Noel?
*The Snow family apparently in Newfoundland, from circa the 1640's. Why were they not listed in earlier schemes of the Fishery?
*Consideration for missed individuals, respecting the early Newfoundland Census'/Schemes of the Fishery...
*Captain Griffith William's opinion on the scope and contents of the Newfoundland "SCHEMES OF THE FISHERY", circa 1751 - 1765.
An account of the island of Newfoundland with the nature of its Trade, And Method of carrying in the Fishery. By: Captain Griffith Williams, 1765. London.
Captain Griffith Williams resided in Newfoundland 14 years as Lieutenant. He now  has a Command there.
The Lords of the Admiralty, and of Trade and Plantations, did, I suppose and do still, think, the Commodores or Governors of Newfoundland always send them a just State of the Fishery. I believe they wished to have done it; and, dare say, they thought it exact. The Methods they take are as follow.
The Commodore or Governor generally arrives at St. John's some time in June, and sails again in September, or the beginning of October, for Europe. Therefore, suppose him to be on that Coast three Months, and, conformable to his Instructions, he is obliged to have a State of the Fishery made out, in order to be sent to the Board of Trade, etc. In Consequence of this, his Clerk goes to one of the Magistrates on Shore, and desires him to send to each of the Harbours, one of those States, ruled and worded, ready to be filled up. For example: The Magistrate sends one of them to a Merchant at Harbour Grace (which is one of the Harbours in Conception Bay), who, in the Hurry of Business, fills it up at Random, thinking it mere Matter of Form, and of little Consequence. For had he been ever so desirous of being exact, he could not have been so without a vast deal of Trouble, as the Bay is, at least, seventy Miles around, and Boats kept in every Creek and Cove of it. This State is returned to the Governor, and he sends it Home to England, taking it for granted to be right; by which Method the Commodore, who is Governor during his Command there, can know very little more of the Matter than if he had remained at Portsmouth, or Plymouth. I remember one of the above Kind of Returns being sent to the Governor, with an Account of the Number of Boats kept, the Quantity of Fifh and Oil caught, etc. etc. Having a Boat and Men of my own, I had the Curiosity to know how near they came to the Truth, and therefore began at Bay Verds in Conception Bay, and went into every Creek and Cove quite round to Portugal Cove, which is the other Extremity of the Bay, and found they had not got within a Third Part in any one Account.
Pirates. London. 1921. ( Reprinted from the fifth edition, as printed in 1735. )
Page 154. ( Late Dec 1724, or early Jan 1725 ).
Two days after this, they took the Triumvirate, a Bristol Sloop, Joel Davis Master, bound from Newfoundland to Oporto, with fish; from whence they took all her provisions, arms, sails, and two of her men, and then let her go with the rest, and all her cargo.
*John Davis of Carbonear and Bristol, named Bristol Society of Friends members, as Executors of his Estate, in 1737.
The family of Farr at Bristol were ropemakers and slave traders. Isaac Hobhouse, and Richard Farr Sr and Jr, were leading Bristol slave traders.
Isaac Hobhouse, Bristol merchant, sought debt monies from Henry Pynn at Newfoundland, on June 11, 1739.
Captain/merchant, John Davis of Carbonear held close relations with Richard Farr of Bristol.
*How many Society of Friends members, were resident in early Conception Bay, Newfoundland?
*Captain John Davis knew Samuel Munckley, via Richard Farr and his daughter Esther Joanna [Farr] Gibbs. Joanna Farr, the Wife of George Gibbs Esq.
*George Gibbs, Esq., of Redland, Co. Gloucester, and of the city of Bristol, merchant, a partner of Samuel Munckley. ( Stemming from family relations. )
A historical geography of the British colonies by C.P. Lucas. Volume 5, Part 4. Newfoundland.
Pages 95-100. In 1697, Colonel Gibson with 760 soldiers fortified St. John's. Colonel Gibson further urged the fortification of two other ports, on which inhabitants might concentrate in time of trouble. With Gibson, had come as chaplain. the Rev. John Jackson.
Sir John Norris having sailed from England with 12 or 14 ships, ten being men of war. Norris' Commission had appointed him "Governor and Commander in Chief of the forts and forces in Newfoundland. He had no military power over the inhabitants, except to summon them together for common defense, in case of invasion. Lieutenant John Moody, when commandant of St. John's, ( 1704 - 1705 ) appointed civilian commandants at Carbonear and Bonavista.
The Islands near these places being duly fortified, as Colonel Gibson had advised. In early 1705, Carbonear Island withstood the attack by De Montigny and his Indians. At Bonavista commandant George Skiffington surrendered his post of 120 men and 8 guns, at Green Island. And ransomed himself for 450 Pounds/4,000 livres.
In 1703, Major Lloyd, commandant at St. John's, persuaded 60 Settlers to subscribe 30 Pounds to send spies to Placentia. He reconnoitered it himself, and planned a counterattack against the French, but could not obtain enough support from the English inhabitants of Newfoundland.
In 1706 the convoy-captain formally instituted a colonial militia, appointing officers in St. John's and Ferryland, and commissioning Major Lloyd to appoint officers and places of refuge in areas like Conception and Trinity Bays. Seven commanding officers and seven places of refuge were named.
CO194/4 Pages 282-285 reveals inhabitant militia being sent to varying early Newfoundland communities, in 1706. For intelligence, etc.
CO194/4 Page 282. St. John's Garrison "Supernumerary Book Nov 8, 1705, - Sep 30 1708".
[ Not regular garrison soldiers, and or associated costs. Rather extra civilian militia, embedded with soldiers. Parties scouting the country for intelligence, etc. ]
Page 283_a. Account of provisions delivered to "Men" Sent out upon Parties in Newfoundland, etc.
During June and July, Harbour Grace harbour would be filled with square-riggers, topsail schooners, brigantines, and barquentines; out from Cadiz and Trapani, with salt cargoes. ( Telegram, May 8, 1965. )
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