NL GenWeb - Newfoundland born living on Island of Jersey in the 1851 Census

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Newfoundlanders living elsewhere

Newfoundland born folk resident at the Island of Jersey in the 1851 Census.

*Asterisked names indicate enumerated Island of Jersey folk, in the 1851 Census; who were born at Newfoundland.
Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, Dec. 2018. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors.


District 1. In St. Saviour's Parish.

Southern part of St. Saviour's Parish, the village of Georgetown.

*Thomas Thorn, age 49 years. Folio 29. Page 51.

No other family members of surname Thorn, enumerated?

In the 1841 Census for St. Saviour, Island of Jersey, the Thorne family and Nicholas & Susan Anthony; are enumerated in the same household.

District 2. In St. Saviour's Parish.

Sous l'Eglise Vingtaine is bounded on the north by the parish of St. Helier and part of Maufant Vingtaine, on the south by St. Helier and Petite Longueville Vingtaine,

on the east by Les Pigneaux Vingtaine and on the west by St. Helier.

*Susannah Anthoine, age 40 years. Folio 58. Page 39.

*Mary Fudge, age 66 years. Unmarried servant.

Husband, Nicholas Anthoine also enumerated on the same page. Age 50, born at St. Saviour's Parish. Landed Proprietor.

District 5. In Trinity Parish.

Subdivision of the Parish called Rozel.

*Eliza (Elizabeth) Perchard, age 19 years. Folio 445. Page 32.

No other family members of surname Perchard, enumerated?

District 6. In St. John Parish.

The south part of Herupe Vingtaine from and including Mr. Charles Hocquard's house.

*Jane Tessier, age 78 years. Folio 544. Page 7. Occupation was listed as Annuitant.

Also enumerated was Cousin Phillip Tessier, age 20, born at St. Helier's Parish.

Jane Tessier was grandmother to John Picot, head of household, age 22. John Picot's mother Elizabeth Picot age 52.

John Picot's sisters Elizabeth Picot, age 27; and Ann Picot, age 24.

District 7. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Weighbridge, Conway Street, Bond Street, upper Pier Yard, road at the back of the Military Hospital to the new south Pier and the rest of St. Helier Harbour.

*John Anthoine Jr., age 37 years. Folio 160. Page 5. Assistant to Timber Merchant in 1841.

Also enumerated on the same page were: Maria Anthoine, age 33, born England; John N. S. Anthoine, age 8; John Anthoine Sr., age 71, born at St. Brelade.

John Anthoine Sr. was a Widowed Timber Merchant in 1851. Emily Payne was a niece, age 33. Eliza Mcdonald was an English servant, age 20.

District 8. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between upper Pier Road at the back of the Military Hospital, part of Mulcaster Street and Hill Street, Regent Road, Green Street or road to Havre des Pas and the beach

up to the new South Pier.

*Joseph Bragg, age 45 years. Folio 192. Page 21.

No other family members of surname Bragg, enumerated?

District 13. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between James Street, The Terrace, Steep Lane, Clarence Street, St. Saviour's Parish, Red Street, part of Don Road and Crescent.

*Amelia Biggs, age 20 years. Folio 298. Page 8.

Also enumerated were Charlotte Biggs, head of household, Independant, age 59 Years, born England; and Henrietta Biggs, age 29, born at Spain, and Fanny Green, age 20, servant.

District 16. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between part of Belmont Road, Simon Place, St. Saviour's Road, St. Saviour's Parish, Stopford Road, Common Lane, on Ruelle Bisson and the Faux Bie up to Belmont Road.

*Caroline E. I. Renouf, age 3 years. Folio 361. Page 21.

*Mary S. A. Renouf, age 5 years. Folio 361. Page 21.

*Thomas W. S. Renouf, age 7. Folio 361. Page 21.

*Rebecca Whittle, age 16 years. Folio 361. Page 21. Servant.

Also enumerated were parents Thomas Renouf, age 37, born at St. Saviour Parish; & Mary Renouf, age 32, born at Trinity Parish.

District 17. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Common Lane, Val Plaisant, Springfield, St. Saviour's Parish and Stopford Road.

*Margaret Main, age 20 Years. Folio 370. Page 1. Blacksmith wife. Daughter in Law to Rachel Main. Born at St. John's. Wife of Peter Main.

Also enumerated were Rachel Main, head of household, age 47, born at St. Peter Port, Guernsey; Peter Main, son, age 22, born at St. Helier's Parish; James Main, son, age 20, born at St. Helier's Parish; & Mary Ann Main, granddaughter, age 1, born at St. Helier's Parish.

District 27. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Union Street, New Street, King Street, Pitt Street, Dumaresq Street and Le Geyt Street.

*Louis Tidyman, age 64 years. Folio 585. Page 18. ( Residence at New Street. Born at St. John's. )

Also enumerated were Susanna Tidyman, age 51, born in England; & Jane Tidyman, age 11, born at St. Helier's Parish.

District 28. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Hue Street, Devonshire Place, upper New Street, Union Street, part of Le Geyt Street and Dumaresq Street.

*Jane Perchard, age 24 years. Folio 604. Page 21. Born at St. John's. Visitor with the family of Elias & Ann Rive at Hue Street.

District 31. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Sligo Street, John Street, Aquila Road, Great Union Road and Devonshire Place.

*Rebecca Cavanagh, age 17 years. Folio 700. Page 56.

*Mary Ann Cavanagh, age 14 years.

Also enumerated were Edward Cavanagh, age 40, born at Ireland; & Eliza J. Cavanagh, age 42, born at Wales.

District 33. In St. Helier's Parish.

Houses between Great Union Road, Adelaide Place, part of Rouge Bouillon and Dorset Street.

*Richard Neal, age 18 Years. Folio 758. Page 57. Apprentice Cabinet Maker.

*Thomas Neal, age 16 years. Folio 758. Page 57. Apprentice Cabinet Maker.

Also enumerated were parents Thomas Neal, age 60, born at Middlesex, England; Eleaner Neal, age 50, born at Ireland, & Eleaner Neal, age 4, born at St. Helier's Parish.

Father Thomas Neal was a Pensioner, Late Serjeant of Veteran Company.

Endnotes:

1781. J. Whittle, Captain of the ship "Major Pearson", 200 Tons/13 Men, for Thomas Lempriere of Jersey and London. ( Ancient spelling Wittel? )

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A Thomas Le Boutillier was enumerated at St. Peter Parish, Jersey; 1851 Census.

At St. Owen, Island of Jersey; the following 1841 Census household:

Edward Le Boutillier, Jane Le Boutillier, Elizabeth Le Boutillier, Jane Le Boutillier, Phillip Le Boutillier, Louisa Le Boutillier, Edward Le Boutillier, Thomas Snow.

At St. Peter, Island of Jersey, the 1841 Censused household of Amice Laurens and Anne Le Boutillier.

1676 Census for Port de Grave, Newfoundland; Planters: Thomas Butler & William Lawrence. ( ?Thomas Le Boutillier & Guillaume Laurens? )

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Sailing's Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Stories From Over Nine ... By John Harding. 2014.

The Quixote, Atlantic Ocean, 1831.

In 1830, the 120 ton brig "Quixote", was owned by Pierre Duval of St. Aubin, Island of Jersey. Master Francis Bailhache. She sailed for Newfoundland & Cadiz. Then for San Lucar, Spain and Liverpool. On Dec 5, she became a wreck, in a storm. On Dec 13th, a French brig, "Ceres of Rouen" rescued Clement Noel & Phillip Arthur, both Jersey men. A third man rescued, soon died. Spanish fishing boats salvaged the wreck, and towed it into Satander on March 19th, 1831. The cargo of oil loaded in Spain, was still in good condition.

Lloyd's Register, 1830.

"Quixote", 119 Tons/10 Men. Captain C. Le Bouef. Built at Miramichi, 1828. Owner: P. E. Duval. Voyage: Plymouth - Jersey.

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Events in 1851 from "Le Constitutionel Almanac of 1852".

Dec 6, 1851. The Brig "Patruus" arrived at Jersey from Newfoundland, after a good voyage of 30 days. She carried a heavy load of fish and a large number of passengers.

Most likely Jersey to Gaspe fisherman, who fished at Chaleur Bay, Gaspe Peninsula.

Owned by Charles Robin & Co., 1840's and 1850's. In 1844, Francis Gibault was Master of the Brig "Patruus", for Charles Robin & Co.

In 1848, Francis Gibault was still master of the Brig "Patruus". 206 tons. Built at Chaleur Bay, in 1841.

M. Gibault was master of the Ship "Fisherman", in 1844. Built at Bay Chaleur in 1832. For Robin & Co.

*Sometimes noted as sailing from Terra Nova, to the Port of St. Helier.

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Captain's Snow from Jersey, sometimes voyaged to London, Maryland, New York, etc. Probably to obtain provisions for the early Newfoundland settlers. Possibly as one leg, of a 3 or 4 leg journey. The "eminent" merchant family of Lempriere & Co., did business around Maryland and New York, from the 1600’s. Newfoundland voyages being a very lucrative part of; but more minor portion of the total Lempriere & Co. voyages globally. Fiott family sometimes partnered with Lempriere & Co. But even though Fiott family members rose to become prominent merchants, they still did not match the scale/status of the Lempriere family business operations. Journeaux, La Maistre, Le Boutillier, Snow, etc. were lesser status folk, captains, agents, early Newfoundland Settlers, etc. The greater “effectors” of the early Newfoundland Settlers from the Island of Jersey, were Sir Walter Raleigh, Carteret family, Lempriere family, and the Fiott family. On a lessor scale lay Vibert, Gibault, Remon, Journeaux, Le Maistre, etc., inclusive of a much longer list, of other Island of Jersey peer captain/agent surnames.

Aside from the Channel Islands “effectors” of early Newfoundland settlement, one must include the Unitary Authority of Poole, Dorset, from which seaport many early Newfoundland settlers departed. The sailing Port of Poole, Dorset; appears to be a bit of an "exception" in the Newfoundland early migratory fishery. Breaking the migratory fisheries norm of preventing settlement. And sending many early Settlers out to Newfoundland. Poole being a Unitary Authority, did not always conform to English/British Parliamentary rules and regulation. Like the Towns of Dartmouth and Bristol, the major players in the early migratory Fishery, did. Like also Bideford, Plymouth, etc. Poole, Dorset; held a distinct status, of exporting many early migrants to the Newfoundland Fishery.

The Diocese of Winchester held administrative authority over the Channel Islands of Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark. In 1565, by an order of Elizabeth, the episcopal jurisdiction was annexed to Winchester, Hampshire. Stemming from this hierarchy, plural relationships developed between Hampshire and the Channel Islands, some permeating early Newfoundland settlement. Early Jersey mariners most commonly voyaged between the Island of Jersey, and the English seaport of Southampton. Sometimes averaged circa three trips per week. Also voyaging to Portsmouth, Cowes; sometimes Milford, Lymington, etc.

Channel Islanders enjoyed special economic privileges over and above the early West Country migratory fishery English towns; which encouraged their maritime activities at places like Newfoundland. Thomas Durrell, merchant of Sturminster Newton, migrated to the Channel Islands, mid to late 1700's; to reap some of this economic benefit. Is this why we see folk like Richard Mullins of Sturminster Newton in largely Jersey Islander territory, in late 1700’s Conception Bay?

Thus as an example; one can generally expect early Port de Grave folk to have largely originated from the Channel Islands and Hampshire. In the form of captains, agents, tradesmen ( ship carpenters, chandlers, surgeons, and such ), fishermen, labourers, etc. And to a lesser extent from Teignmouth/Topsham areas. ( Harbour Grace saw Bristol and Island of Jersey migratory interests, among others. ) One may expect migrant Jerseymen, Hampshire and the sailing port of Poole, Dorset, including hinterland folk; to be more representative of the early resident Settlers at Conception Bay. Sometimes these Hampshire and hinterland of Poole folk, filled the servant/fisherman/labourer roles. Teignmouth/Topsham representing the more migratory side of the Fishery business, with a few mercantile agents/captains, etc., actually becoming resident, early on. Which Settlers most often specifically tied to a West Country business adventure. The West Country migratory fishermen long complained to the English Parliament of these nuisance early residents, inclusive of folk from the Channel Islands ( mainly Jersey ), Hampshire, and the sailing Port of Poole, Dorset. From the migratory side of the business, the economic advantages gained by overwintering, eventually effected a fewer number of these migratory captains/agents and or family relatives, to become resident, along with the "nuisance Settlers". Including Bye-boat keepers, Planters, Agents, passengers, etc.

Contrast these lines above here, with pages 13, 16, etc., of the Decks Awash Magazine at:
March-April, 1993. Volume 22, No 2.

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Local folklore...

The "Joisey Birds".

A Jerseyman came to a Conception Bay town, to fish. But when one turned around, he was gone again. With the passage of time, they became known locally as Jersey birds. For their brief interludes in Conception Bay.

...to serve a stage, carry a barrow, and turn poor john...

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The Gentleman’s Magazine. Vol 26. November, 1756. Page 547.

The "Esther", Nicholas John, from Newfoundland for Jersey, with 88 people on board, is taken by the "Grasshopper" privateer, and carried into Morlaix.

( St. Helier, Jersey; baptism. Oct 4, 1713. Nicholas Jean, son of Rene Jean & Rachel Gruchy.

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Where Mary Butler’s husband was settled"

In England, Parish Settlement Certificates and such paperwork were normally held under Parish Chest Fonds of "Overseers of the Poor". Along with Rate Books, Removal Orders, Apprenticeships, etc. In Jersey…

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Cesarea. The Island of Jersey... London, 1840.

page 82.

In the Reign of Charles II, 20 Jersey vessels were employed in the Newfoundland Fishery.

In 1732, 27 vessels were engaged in it.

In 1771, 45 vessels were dispatched to Newfoundland.

In 1840, between 70 & 80 vessels went to Newfoundland.

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Dallan’s Hole, Port de Grave; mentioned in the 1847 Church Society Report for Newfoundland. ( Dallain is an Island of Jersey surname. )

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Jersey Wills:

William Snow of St. Helier. Made Dec 26, 1780. Probated June 17, 1782. Fm Marie de St. Croix. U_No. 1957. Vol. 1 Part 2. Page 98.

William Snow of St. Brelade. Made Sep 28, 1713. Probated Sep 20, 1714. Fm Anne Hamelin. U_No. 1. Vol. 1 Part 1. Page 1. ??Anne Hamon??

William Thacker of St. Helier. Made Dec 19, 1786. Probated Mar 22 1810. Fr Anne Aubin. U_No. 1491. Vol. 1 Part 3. Page 310.

The Jersey Datestones Register

William Snow and Anne Hamon, High Street, St. Aubin. ( St. Brelade ) 1711.

Jean Le Boutillier of St. Peter and Jeanne de St. Croix of St. Brelade, married at St. Hellier, Jan 24, 1735/6.

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Lloyd’s List, Nov 28, 1749, edition. Arrived at Oporto from Newfoundland, the vessel "Benjamin", Captain Botilier. ( Le Boutillier. )

In 1744/5 Captain Thomas? Snow commanded the privateer “Willing Mind”, 40 Tons, 6 Guns, of Guernsey.

In 1746/7, Captain Thomas? Snow commanded the “Molly”, 250 Tons, 15 Guns, of Jersey.

July 7, 1752; Lloyd’s List entry, shows Captain Fiott, master of the vessel “Molly”.

In 1759, Nicholas Fiott was Captain of the "Charming Nancy", 225 Tons; for Jean Lempriere.

Lloyd's Register of Shipping, 1770. Ship "Sally", 160 Tons, built in America in 1765. Captain J LeMaitre. London to Newfoundland for Lempriere of London.

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