NL GenWeb

Early Newfoundland Historical Snippets

Interesting reading about the bygone era of our ancestors.

Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, November 2021. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors. Please check and compare with original sources.

Descriptive catalogue of the charters, minute books and other documents of the borough of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis : A.D. 1252 to 1800 :
with extracts and some notes : pub. by direction of the mayor (R.N. Howard, esq., J.P.) and corporation. / by H.J. Moule ... Published 1883.
Borough of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis.

Archives. Class VI. Harbours, Shipping, and Commerce.
Class VI. 71. Law Papers. December, 1610 Pleadings.
William Mynterne/Mintern states he sailed to Newfoundland in his barque "Prosperous", thence to Malaga, and thence to Weymouth. Also John Jurden/Jordan.
Class VI. 80. Table and Orders. ( Customs ) 1618.
Order for a charge of 1 Pence ( or 1.5 Pence if needed ) per ton of shipping going to Newfoundland this year. Towards costs incurred by Mr. Town Clerk Nicoll,
of Dartmouth, in getting a Privy Council Order "for reformation of the abuses of the new plantation, at Newfoundland." January 18, 1618.
Borough of Weymouth & Melcombe Regis Accounts. Volume 64. March 1668 to Jan 17, 1693.
July 2, 1676. Paid Tucker's note... for setting forth the dumb boy to Newfoundland. 6 Pounds, 13 Shillings, and 4 Pence.

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*This likely was Edward Tucker of the Society of Friends at Weymouth, merchant adventurer. Edward Tucker & Co. Or Richard Tucker.

Was this Edward Tucker the later owner of the ship "Robert & John"? Or his son Edward Tucker?

1675 Scheme of the Fishery. Richard Tucker in a Weymouth Sack vessel "Swallow", 50 Tons, 9 Men, at Carbonear.

*Dorset Quaker Circuit marriages.

1702. Samuel White of Poole, Dorset, mariner, the son of Samuel White of Poole. Wed Sarah Tucker of Weymouth, daughter of Richard Tucker.

In 1703, his brother William White, son of Samuel, wed Joan Bennett of Weymouth.

*Sarah Tucker was a sister of Edward Tucker. Samuel and Sarah White's youngest daughter, was Love white.

Richard Tucker's eldest daughter was Love Tucker.

Richard Tucker had a sister Rachell Wilson.

The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700-1750. Peter Wilson Coldham. Genealogical Publishing Company Inc., Baltimore. 1992.

Jan 20 - Feb 4, 1718. Shippers by the "Robert & John" of Weymouth, Mr. Thomas Wilson, bound from Weymouth for Ireland, Newfoundland and Virginia:

Edward Tucker, George Randell. ( PRO: E 190/907/17 )( Possible Bonavista, early Notre Dame Bay interests? )

In 1725 the Convoy Commodore Captain and temporary Governor, Robert Bouler/Bowler whipped two Englishmen working for Joseph Randall of Poole, Dorset.

Whom had disturbed George Skeffington's Fishery.

Whether George Randell the Weymouth shipper, was any relation of Joseph Randall, Society of Friends merchant, of Poole, Dorset?

It is seen that the marriage related merchant families of White of Poole, and Tucker of Weymouth; both of Society of Friends persuasion,

were involved the early Newfoundland Fishery.

Mobility can be seen in the early Newfoundland schemes of the Fishery for varying reasons. If no "room" remained in the Harbor, the Admiral then could not assign any. And the visiting ship had to go to another Harbor for "room". In times of war and conflict, vessels stayed in Convoys and groups, to the degree possible. The Dutch and French threats often interrupted the normalcy of resident livelihood. As the Pirate threat sometimes did. Vessel captains from England visited harbors in Newfoundland designated by the merchant or charterparty. In plural cases, different harbors were visited over time, by the same vessels and or captains, as the early Schemes of the Fishery, clearly show. Some captains/crew/passengers eventually settled in a certain harbor, or community, of more recent attachment.

Consider in general that the "early" Newfoundland residents shipped in "one of only a few" candidate vessels, pertaining to a given community.

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Acts of the Privy council of England 1619/1621. Page 177.

On April 11, 1620, the Privy Council of England heard a petition from the Treasurer and Company of the Newfoundland Plantation.

Since no iron ore mines had yet been found in Newfoundland, the company petitioned to obtain leave to transport iron ore, stone, and cinders, from England to Newfoundland. To enable the company’s planned ironworking at Newfoundland. Permission/license was given to export annually from the date of this order, one thousand tons of the said materials, and also necessary instruments to perform the ironworking. Provided the company made only bar iron. And not to abuse the grant by casting it into any kind of ordinance whatsoever.

On April 25th, 1620, a 2000 Pound bond was given his Majesty by the Company, as Security against the casting of ordinance in Newfoundland.

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A History of Bristol and Gloucestershire.

Brian Stanley Smith, Elizabeth Ralph, Darwen Finlayson, 1972 - Bristol (England).

Page 52. "In 1613 Guy returned home..Two years later John Barker, Master of the Society of Merchant Venturers of Bristol, bought land at Harbor Grace and made a successful colony at Bristol Hope."

The annals of Bristol in the seventeenth century By John Latimer ... Latimer, John, 1824-1904. Pages 67 & 68.

"A renewed attempt was made in 1618 to further the colonization of Newfoundland, Some Bristol merchants obtained a grant of land there from the London and Bristol Chartered Company, and resolved on the establishment of a settlement, to be called "Bristol Hope", apparently not far distant from Guy's little colony at Sea Forest. The project, however like its forerunner, was abandoned after a few years' trial."

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In his Oct 16, 1630 Will, merchant Thomas Davis of St. Leonard’s, Bristol; mentions his 1/12 part Adventure in the Bristol's Hope Plantation.

What other folk had shares in the early 1600's Bristol's Hope/Harbor Grace plantation?

It appears John Barker, John Gonning, Richard Long, and Andrew Charlton had early 1600's Bristol shared interest in the Harbor Grace plantation.

Per the 1636 Indenture as referenced below here.

*In 1628/9 John Barker and Richard Long owned the "Charles" of Bristol, 260 Tons. Captain Martin Pynne.

Also, John Barker and others owned the "Joseph of Bristol, 150 Tons. Captain Philip Saunders.

The Bristol Registers of Servants Sent to Foreign Plantations, 1654-1686. Peter Wilson Coldham. 1988.

Servant Name, Servant's Place of Origin, Servant's Destination, Servant's Ship, Servant's Date of Indenture, Term in years, Agent's Name/occupation.

Philip Saunder, Newfoundland, Jacob, February 10, 1677, 9, Abraham King.

The business Ledger of Anthony Varder of Bedminster, Bristol, mentions a Phillip Saunders.

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Partnership agreement between Richard Long, Andrew Carlton, Francis Creswick, Mary Barker and John Gonning. (Library and Archives Canada)

Date:1636.

Reference:MG18-F29, R2251-0-7-E, Volume number: 1

Found in: Archives / Collections and Fonds Item ID number: 104673.

Context of this record:

Partnership agreement between Richard Lang, Andrew Carlton, Francis Creswick, Mary Barker and John Gonning.

Location of originals note:

Original of photocopy with the Gosling Library, St. John's, Nfld.

Dates of creation note: Photocopied 1962.

[Gosling Library]

Feb 18, 1636/7, Indenture between Richard Long & Andrew Charleton, of the one Part. And Francis Creswick, of the other Part.

( Via this Indenture, the parties being merchants of Bristol, were each to have 1/3 ownership in the Bristol Hope Plantation, at Harbor Grace, Newfoundland.

[ Within this Indenture, mention is made of a January 23, 1636/7, Indenture. By which Richard Long and Andrew Charleton had obtained 1/2 of the ownership of the Bristol Hope Plantation, at Harbor Grace, Newfoundland. From Mary Barker, widow of John Barker; and John Gonning. Richard Long and Andrew Charleton had obtained the other 1/2 ownership of the Bristol Hope Plantation, by "former right and conveyance". ]

This 1636/7 Indenture document has largely not been in the public eye.

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Thus, on February 18, 1636/7, the Bristol Hope Plantation at Harbor Grace, came under the ownership of three Bristol merchant partners.

Richard Long, Andrew Charl(e)ton, and Francis Creswick. These being major Bristol merchants, their intermarriage being closely knit.

One could then properly assume the earlier Bristol Plantation shares were held by folk like Governor Robert Hayman; Bristol merchants, Thomas Davi(e)s, John Barker, and others. Ownership evolving with time.

Shares were common, during centuries of early English/British financial dealings, in ships and colonial plantation Adventures.

Via legal implements such as Charterparties and Indentures. Circa 1630, merchant John Gonning held shares in approximately 1/3 of all Bristol ships.

In the 1800's, the Newfoundland Government commonly registered vessels, usually under a scheme of ownership, of 64 shares.

What investors held shares in the Bristol Hope Plantation, at Harbor Grace?

Richard Whitbourne held a share in William Vaughan's Colony at Renews.

Robert Hayman held a share in the Guyana Adventure, per his PCC Will, probated on November 17, 1638.

Robert Hayman, ( bap. 1575, Woolborough, Newton Abbot - deceased October, 1629, Oyapock River, Guiana ).

An extract below of the November 17, 1628, PCC Will, of Robert Hayman. Which was probated on January 24, 1633, at London. PROB 11/163/48.

"Being bound by God's leave to Guyana in America, to settle a plantation there."

"Whereas there is a Charter Party betwixt me, Robert Hayman; and one Francis Gore; Matthew Brett; Robert Hunt; and diverse[others]; for continuing a plantation in Guyana in America aforesaid. And whereof of all parts, it is conditioned that the sole provenance and profit thereof shall be divided into Twenty-Five parts. Whereof twelve parts thereof, are to be to me, Robert Hayman; my Executors, Administrators and Assignees. As by the Deed Indented, more plainly may appear. Being likewise left in trust in the hands of the aforesaid doctor Arthur Ducke[Chancellor of London]. Who will bequeath it to my said Cousin Thomas Mitchell and make him my Executor, Administrator, and Assignee thereof. To take thereof what profit soever shall be made thereby, to his own use, he having adventured Sixty Pounds of the said money, with me in this Voyage. Yet my Will is, and I desire him to see it performed, that these other of my friends who hath likewise adventured several sums of money as he well knows, be there paid at three times their adventure, according to agreement, which he likewise knows."

On the 17th of November, 1628, he then being bound to Guyana in America to settle a plantation there, Robert Hayman made his Will.

On Jan 24th, 1632, a commission was issued out of the Court of Canterbury to a certain person [his Cousin/Nephew, Thomas Mitchell of Long Ashton, Somerset], who had monies owing to him by Hayman, to administer the goods, debts, chattels, etc., of him the said Robert Hayman.

*It is characteristic of some early English/British Wills, that relations are not clearly distinguished. The language in the legal last will and testaments of the era, being used in more loose terms. And there are plural cases wherein it is left up to the reader, to determine whether a named Cousin; was indeed a Cousin, a Nephew, etc. The term Kinsman is sometimes used. Again, leaving the reader to figure out the exact nature of the marriage relationship. Whether a brother in Law, etc.

John Barker's June 13, 1636, PCC Will; doesn't specifically state he had shares in the Bristol's Hope Adventure, in Conception Bay, Newfoundland.

His PCC Will probated on June 13, 1636, mentions "all his Adventures beyond the Seas". This undoubtedly included Bristol's Hope, at Harbor Grace.

While John Barker "may" have voyaged to the Conception Bay Fishery; he was of too advanced a social and financial life, to have settled in Newfoundland.

And it may be unlikely, that he had any close relatives settle, in early Newfoundland. Servants?

*In his March 26, 1636 Will, John Barker names a Bristol servant, Edward Payne.

Edward Payne in his 1639 PCC Will, names a brother Henry Payne.

Robert Hayman's Quodlibets, 1628, lately come over from New Britanola old Newfoundland, composed at Harbor Grace, celebrates the virtues of settlers like E. Payne, Rowley, and Poyntz.

Page 18. 114. To my honest Bed-fellow the privately Charitable, discreetly Beneficial, Master Edward Payne, Merchant of Bristol.

Piein is Greek, to drink: Pain, French, for bread: With Paine (God says) with these we shall be fed.

Yet without Payne, many these needfuls gain, Only by thanking God, and Master Payne.

*Completing the circle in a manner of speaking. At the Bristol's Hope Plantation. John Barker, major owner; Robert Hayman, governor; Edward Payne, hands on subcontracting merchant and servant, to elite merchant John Barker. ( Bed Fellow - a person who joins with others in some activity or endeavor. )

Could these early Paynes of Bristol, have been any relation to the Henry Pynn/Payne of 1675 Conception Bay, Newfoundland?

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Here for posterity, is a transcription of the PCC Will of John Barker, Merchant, Alderman of Bristol, Gloucestershire.

John Barker’s Will was made on March 26, 1636, and probated on June 13, 1636. PROB 11/171/340.

In the name of God Amen, The Six and Twenty Day of March: Anno Domini One Thousand Six Hundred, Thirty-Six, And in the eleventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Charles I. I John Barker, merchant, one of the Aldermen of the City of Bristol, being in reasonable good health, and of sound and perfect memory, Do make and ordain this my last will and Testament, In manner and form following.

That is to say, First and principally I Commend my Soul to the mercy and grace of the blessed Trinity, hoping for Salvation only by the merits of Jesus Christ my Redeemer. And my Body I commit to the Earth, to be buried decently without any pomp, in St. Walburgh's Church in Bristol. As near to the crypt of my Dear Parents and wife, Deceased; as conveniently it may be.

And touching such Worldly Estate as God of his great mercy hath lent me, I Dispose thereof as followeth.

Imprimis: I make and ordain my now Loving wife, Mary, to be Executrix of this my Last will and Testament. And I give unto her the sum of Five Hundred Pounds in current English money as a token of my thankfulness to her for her Love, and observance unto me at all times, and for her care, and pains already taken in the education of my children, and to be continued unto them as they shall Deserve.

Item: I give to my wife all my Household stuff and plate which I shall have in my House at Alderley at the time of my death, and the one half of all my plate and Household stuff, which I shall have at the time of my death in my Dwelling house in Bristol, and in my farm house at Brislington, which Legacy I will she shall quietly enjoy besides what I assured to her before our intermarriage either by way of Jointure or otherwise. But I except out of the said plate, two Silver flagons, and a Silver washing Bason, which I give to my son Andrew Barker.

Item: My Will is that my wife shall During her Life hold and enjoy all such Land in Saltmarsh, in the County of Gloucester, which I hold by any Lease or Leases, she paying herefore the yearly Rent of Sixteen Pounds at two feasts in the year ( Viz ) the feast of the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary, and St. Michael Archangel, or within ten days next after either of the same feasts by equal portions to be paid, the first payment hereof to commence at that of the said feast as shall first happen to come or be next after my decease.

Item: I give and Devise to my son John Barker, and to his heirs and assigns forever My Manor of Southmead with all the rights, members, and appurtenance thereof in the Parish of Westbury Upon Trym in the said County of Gloucestershire.

Item: I give and Devise to my said son John Barker, and to his heirs and assigns forever, my house in Small Street within the City of Bristol aforesaid wherein my son in Law John Gonning, merchant, Do now dwell. With all and singular the appurtenance thereof in such manner as the said John Gonning now enjoyeth the same. And I do will and charge my said son John Barker that he claim not any of the rooms by me taken from the same house, but to enjoy the same only as now the same is.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son John Barker the sum of Five Hundred Pounds to be paid In form following ( that is to say ) Two Hundred Pounds thereof at the end of one whole year next after my decease, and Two Hundred Pounds more thereof at the end of two years next after my decease, and the other Hundred Pounds thereof at the end of three years next after my decease.

Item: I give to my said son John Barker the one half of my plate and household stuff which at the time of my death shall be in my Dwelling house in Bristol, ( except the flagons and bason before given to my son Andrew ), or Two Hundred Pounds in lieu thereof, at the choice of mine Executrix.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son John Barker his Executors, administrators and assigns, one Annuity or yearly Rent of Twenty Pounds of good and lawful money of England. To be issuing and going out of my farm of Brislington, and to be paid at the two feasts aforesaid by small portions the first payment thereof to commence at that of the said feasts as shall first happen to come or be next after my Decease, and to have continuance during all such terms as I shall have to come in the said farm at the time of my wife’s decease. And I will that my said son John Barker his Executors and administrators and assigns shall have power to distrain in the said farm, and the Land thereof belonging for ye said Annuity, or yearly rent of Twenty Pounds, if the same shall at any time be behind unpaid by the space of Ten days after the same ought to be paid. And all the said farm of Brislington, and all Land and appurtenance thereto belonging Charged and chargeable with the said Annuity, or yearly Rent of Twenty Pounds. And with distress therefore as aforesaid, and all such estate, right, title, term, and interest, which I shall have therein to come at my wife’s decease, I give and bequeath to my said son Andrew Barker, his executors and administrators and assigns.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son Andrew Barker, the other half of my plate, and household stuff which shall be in my said farm house at Brislington aforesaid, at the time of my decease.

Item: I give and Devise to my said son Andrew Barker my farm of Piln Inn with all and singular Land and appurtenance thereto belonging, and all other my messuages Land, tenements, and hereditaments situate lying and being in Saltmarsh in the County of Gloucester, whereof I am possessed or seized, of any estate of Inheritance in possession, or remainder, To have and to hold the said farm of Piln Inn, and all my said messuages, Land, Tenements, and hereditaments in Saltmarsh aforesaid with the appurtenance to the said Andrew Barker, and to the heirs of his Body lawfully to be gotten, and for default of such heirs, to my son John Barker, and to the heirs of his Body lawfully to be begotten, and for default of such heirs, to my right heirs forever.

Item: I give and Devise to my said son Andrew Barker my now Dwelling house in Small Street in Bristol with the appurtenance and the rents therewith blessed in such manner as now the same is by me enjoyed, and my garden, and Lodge at Michael Hill within the suburbs of the said City, To have and to hold my said Dwelling house, and my said garden, and Lodge to my said son Andrew Barker, and the heirs of his Body lawfully to be begotten, and for default of such heirs to my said son William Barker and to the heirs of his body lawfully to be begotten, and for default of such heirs to my right heirs forever.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son Andrew Barker my Lease of Birchwood in the parish of Brislington aforesaid, and all my estate right title term and interest therein.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son Andrew Barker the said rent of Sixteen Pounds by the year payable by my wife out of the said Lease in Saltmarsh as aforesaid with power to Distrain therefore if the same be unpaid at any time, and I give also unto him all the said Leases, Land, ground, and premises held by Lease in Saltmarsh aforesaid, and all my right, title, terms, and Interests therein to come at my wives Decease.

Item: I give and bequeath to my said son Andrew Barker the sum of Five Hundred Pounds of lawful money of England, to be paid within three years next after my decease unto the Orphan Court of Bristol, to his use, and he to have the benefit thereof from thenceforth toward his maintenance unless my wife shall within the said Three years give good security to the said Court for the payment thereof at his age of one and Twenty years, and Five Pounds per Cent per. And in the meantime, and as touching his maintenance in the meantime, I will that my wife shall maintain him at her charge During the said Three Years.

Item: I give and bequeath to my son William Barker my Sixteenth part of the Lease of prisage in Bristol, but my will is that out of the profits thereof, there shall yearly during the continuance of the same Lease paid to the Incumbent minister of St. Walburgh aforesaid, the sum of Fourteen Pounds per and quarterly to be paid if the said Incumbent minister shall preach a catechizing Lecture in the said Church on every Lords Day During the continuance of the said Lease, and not otherwise.

Item: I give and bequeath to my son William Barker, the sum of Four Hundred Pounds in current English money, to be paid unto him at his age of One and Twenty years.

Item: I give and bequeath to my Two Daughters that are unmarried ( Viz ) Ann and Edith, the sum of Four Hundred and Fifty Pounds apiece in current English money to be paid to them severally within one year next after their respective Day of marriage, or age of one and twenty years which shall first happen. And I will that my said daughters shall have their maintenance from mine Executrix until their portions shall grow Due as aforesaid. And my will is that if either of my said sons William or Andrew shall Die before his said portion of money to him given as aforesaid, shall be due to him from the same portion of money of them so Dying, shall accrue to the survivor of them. And that if both of them die before either of them shall attain to his age of One and Twenty years, then I will that their said portions shall be equally divided amongst my five younger daughters, or as many of them as shall be then living. And also, my will is that if either of my said Two daughters that are unmarried shall Die before her portion shall grow Due as aforesaid, that then the portion of her so Dying shall be equally Divided amongst the other four of my younger daughters, or as many of them as shall be then living.

Item: I give to my Daughter Cox Twenty Pounds, and to her son John Cox being my Godson, Twenty Pounds, besides the Five Pounds given to him as a grandchild.

Item: I give to every one of my grandchildren which shall be living at the time of my Decease, Five Pounds apiece.

Item: I give to my Cousin Doctor Barker of Salop, Ten Pounds, to be paid within One year next after my Decease.

Item: I give to my servants Sibell Pritchard, and Jane Prowt(Prout), Twenty Pounds apiece; and to my servant Christian Hopkins, Ten Pounds.

Item: I give to my servants Joseph Taylor, John Fisher, and John Barker, Twenty Pounds apiece. And to such as at the time of my Death shall be mine Apprentices as seamen, and to all other my servants which I shall have with me at the time of my Death, Three Pounds apiece.

Item: I give as a token of my love to the reverend father, the Lord Bishop of Bristol, Twenty Pounds. To Doctor Chetwind, Dean of Bristol, Ten Pounds. To Mr. Richard Towgood, Vicar of St. Nicholas in Bristol, and to Mr. John Tilladams of St. Walburgh, and to Mr. Richard Standfast of Christchurch, Five Pounds apiece, and to all other the Incumbent ministers within the said City of Bristol, Forty Shillings apiece.

Item: I give to my Dear and loving friends and kinsman, Mr. William Willis of Trowbridge, Esquire; Mr. Andrew Charleton, Merchant, late Mayor of the City of Bristol; Mr. William Slapton, Esquire; Mr. Richard Long of Bristol, Merchant; Mr. William Guys of Gloucester, Gentleman; Mr. William Blanchard of Katherine, Gentleman; Mr. Richard Aldworth of Bristol, Mercer; my Brother Thomas Barker of Bristol, Merchant; my son John Barker; my son in Law Mr. John Gonning; Mr. Gervase[ aka Jervase/Jarvis ] Yeamans; Richard Lock(e); and Matthew Rogers; William Yeamans, Notary Public; and to my late trusty servant Edward Payne of Bristol, Merchant; to each of them Ten Pounds, and Forty Shillings to buy rings for them, and their wives, as tokens of my love. Desiring every of them to be helpful and friendly to my wife and Children, as occasion shall require.

Item: I give to the Poor People of the several parishes following, ( that is to say ) Marshfield, Wooton under Edge, and Alderley in the County of Gloucestershire, Five Pounds. To the Poor of each parish to be Distributed by the Direction of my wife within one year next after my decease.

Item: I give and Devise to the Feoffees of the Messuages, Land, and Tenements belonging or reputed to be belonging to the parish church of Temple within the City of Bristol, and to their heirs and assigns forever, One Annuity or yearly sum of Four Pounds, Six Shillings, and Eight Pence of lawful money of England to be issuing and going out of my Messuage or Tenement in Temple Street within the said City, wherein Edmund Elliott now Dwelleth. To have, take, prove, retain, and enjoy the said Annuity to said Feoffees, their heirs and assigns forever. At four feasts or terms in the year next to fall ( that is to say ) the feast of the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary, the Nativity of Saint John Baptist, Saint Michael Archangel, and the birth of our Lord God. By small portions to be paid upon several trusts and confidence, that they, the said Feoffees, their heirs or assigns, or the churchwardens of the same Parish for the time being. Shall cause a sermon to be preached in the said parish church of Temple, on the first Lord's Day in every month forever, for the better instructing of the people of the same parish in the way of God. And I will that the first payment of the said Annuity shall be made at that of the said feast, as shall first come next after my decease, and the first of the said sermons on the first Lord's Day next after such first payment made. And my desire is that the same sermons shall during the joint lives of Mr. Knight and Mr. Tilladams, be performed by Mr. Tilladams. And I will that the said Feoffees shall distrain for the said Annuity if the same be prepaid by the said space of Ten Days at any time after the same ought to be paid. And also, my will is that if the preaching of the said Lecture shall be neglected at any time, after the time of the commencement thereof as aforesaid, and not performed in three months together, unless it be for that the said Annuity, shall not be paid, nor can be recovered, That then the said Annuity shall cease.

Item: The said Messuage or Tenement in Temple Street aforesaid charged with the said Annuity and Distress in form aforesaid, I give and Devise to my son John Barker, and to his heirs and assigns forever.

Item: I give and Devise to my said wife, my son John Barker, and my Brother Mr. Richard Long, and their heirs and assigns forever, my Two Tenements in St. Peter's Parish in Bristol, that are now in Lease to John Newton, Carpenter: my Two Tenements in Temple Street in the occupation of John Smithwick, Taylor; and Thomas Wood, Weaver: my Two Tenements in St. Phillips's Parish within the said City that are in Lease to William Cox, Rough mason, with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances. To have and to hold the said Six Tenements last mentioned, with all and singular their and every of their appurtenances, and the rent, returns, and services thereof. Unto the said Mary my wife, John Barker my son, and Richard Long, their heirs and assigns forever, upon trust and confidence. And to mine intent and meaning is that they the said Mary my wife, John Barker my son, and Richard Long, and their heirs shall within Three years next after my Decease cause the Inheritance of the said Six Tenements, and the rent, returns, and services thereof, and also the sum of One Hundred Pounds in current English money, to be Distributed by mine Executrix to be Settled to good uses of perpetuity within the said City of Bristol, such as to my said wife and to the said John Barker and Richard Long, or any two of them, or the survivor or survivors of them shall seem fittest.

Item: I give to the Company of the Military yard in Bristol the sum of Ten Pounds.

Item: My will is that my wife shall with all convenient speed next after my decease, cause all my Adventures then upon the Seas, or beyond the Seas, to be assured the charge thereof, to be paid out of my personal estate.

Item: My will and meaning is that if through any misadventure or loss my personal estate shall fall short to pay, and Discharge all my Legacies given by this my will, that then what wanteth shall be raised by a proportionable abatement, and Deducted of the Legacies and portions hereby given to my wife, and to my sons and daughters.

Item: All the rest of my goods, cattle, chattels, household stuff, and other personal stuff whatsoever not herein before given, or bequeathed, ( my debts and Legacies being paid, and funeral expenses discharged ), I give and bequeath unto my said wife. Whom I have appointed Executrix of this my will as aforesaid. On whose wanted love and care for the support and good education of my children I do thesely depend, next to the providence of the Almighty. Having had good and real experience of her fidelity for many years already.

Item: My will is that if any of my sons shall in any sort seek or go about to avoid or impeach this my will, or any legacies or portions thereby given, then I will that all Legacies hereby given to such disobedient son shall be void, and not paid to him.

Item: My desire is that my wife shall not be compelled to put in any security into the Orphan's Court touching any matter contained in this my will, during the time that she doth live my widow.

Item: I give to the three children of my Brother Thomas Barker that are now living, the sum of Twenty Pounds apiece. Which I will shall be paid by my Executrix into the Orphan's Court in Bristol. Within three years next after my decease, and be paid to the said children when they shall attain their respective ages of one and twenty years. And I will that if any of them die before that age, his or her part shall remain to the survivors or survivor of them. And that if all the said children die, and none of them attain that age, then all the said sum of Threescore Pounds to remain, and be paid to their father, my said Brother, his Executors and assigns. And also, I will and appoint that mine Executrix shall pay and allow forbearance for the same Threescore Pounds from the end of one year next after my decease till the same shall be paid into the Orphan Court as aforesaid, which forbearance, and all benefit made of the same Threescore Pounds after the time of payment thereof into the Orphan's Court, and till the same shall grow due as aforesaid, I will shall be paid those parents of the said children toward their maintenance.

Item: I give to my honest and trusty late servant William Chetwind of Bristol, Merchant, the sum of Five Pounds as a token to buy rings for himself, and his wife.

In witness whereof I have put my hand and Seal, the day and year first above written. John Barker. This is the last will and testament of the said John Barker contained in these Seven sheets of paper, to every one whereof he hath subscribed his name. And sealed and acknowledged the same, the day and year of the date above written, in the presence of Edward Payne, Samuel Farmer, Joseph Tayler, John Fisher, & Francis Yeamans.

Probated at London by Marie Barker, Widow, and relict, of John Barker.

*John Barker (1584-1636) of Bristol, merchant and his first wife Elizabeth (d. 1625), daughter of William Spicer of Exeter, merchant.

*John Barker's second wife Mary, the daughter of John Fownes of Bristol, merchant; and widow of Matthew Rogers of Alderley (Gloucester).

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John Gonning, baptized in 1599, wed Elizabeth Barker, daughter of John Barker Sr., merchant; on Feb 13, 1625.

Andrew Charlton wed Joyce Barker, another daughter of John Barker Sr. Andrew Charleton's PCC Will. probated on Dec 24, 1646, mentions his shipping and adventures. Also names his brother, Richard Long. Richard Long wed Mary, another daughter of John Barker Sr.

Joice Charlton's PCC Will probated on March 21, 1651, mentions her share of her husband's shipping, adventures, etc.

In 1639, merchant John Gonning occupied a tenement in Small Street, St. Walburgh, Bristol; which was owned by John Barker.

( John Slade, the Poole, Dorset - Newfoundland merchant; occupied his father in Law's, John Hayter's Tenement at Poole, Dorset. )

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*An extract of Edward Payne's 1639 PCC Will. Also Widow Mary Long's 1661 PCC Will, below. Including a few lines re: Henry Pynn.

August 12, 1639, PCC Will of Edward Payne of Bristol. PROB 11/181/32.

- mentions his sister Margaret Langley, Widowed. Whom had daughters Judith and Elizabeth Langley.

- names his Master, Mrs. Mary Barker, Widow; whom he hopes will care for his Niece Elizabeth Langley, in lieu of his prior servitude.

- mentions his Niece Elizabeth Payne, daughter of his brother, Henry Payne, deceased. Elizabeth is under age 21 Years.

- names his Cousin Thomas Payne of ___? Longbridge. Whom had sons Samuell and Walter Payne.

- names his Cousin Robert Payne of Gloucester. Whom had a "little" son, Edward Payne. Godson to the testator.

- names a Godson Edward Payne, son of Peter Payne/Paine, Cordwainer of Bristol.

- names Godson Edward Payne, son of Edward Payne of Redcliffe Hill, Bristol.

- names Godson Anthony Payne of St. John's Parish.

- names his Nephew Daniel Baker.

- mentions his free lands at Exon, Devon. Bequeathed to his Nephew Edward Baker.

- Will made on August 25, 1638, and signed by Joseph Taylor.

- Probate granted to the Nephew, Edward Baker, on August 12, 1639.

In his Will Edward declares: "I hope my Mistress Mrs. Mary Barker will take care for her [ his niece Elizabeth Langley, daughter of his sister Margaret Langley, Widowed. ] education and portion as her adopted Daughter, for the Service I have gratis performed these many years to my Deceased good Master [ Mr. John Barker ] and herself."

"To my niece Elizabeth Payne Daughter of my brother Henry Payne Deceased, I bequeath Thirty Pounds Sterling, to be paid her at the age of one and twenty years..."

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*A Philip and Grace Payne had a son Anthony Payne baptized on June 14, 1694; at St. Nicholas Parish, Bristol.

*Henry Payne/Paine/Pynn of Harbor Grace, Conception Bay, Newfoundland; held family connections at St. Nicholas Parish, Bristol.

Lloyd's List Oct 21, 1752; Edition. The "Musketta", Captain Pynn; & the "Augusta", Captain Thrall; from Bristol at Newfoundland.

Oct 27, 1753. The "Musketta", Captain Waldron; from Bristol at Newfoundland.

Jan 11, 1755. The "Nancy", Captain Heighington; at Naples, from Newfoundland.

Jan 7, 1758. The "Fanny", Captain Pinn; at Lisbon, from Newfoundland.

*****July 22, 1758. The "Swift", Captain Coughlan; at Alicante, from Newfoundland. ( Jeremiah Coughlan. )

LLoyd's List Nov 3, 1752 edition.

Arrived at Lisbon, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Musqueta", Captain Waldron, and "Mariana", Captain Farwell.

*A Captain Waldron had also voyaged for Thomas & John Pike, and Young Green, of Poole, Dorset. Henry Pynn earlier captained the "Sea Nymph".

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PCC Will of Mary Longe, Widow of Bristol, Gloucestershire. Dec 17, 1661.

Widow and Executrix of the late Richard Long, former Alderman of Bristol.

PROB 11/306/515

Mentions her brother Thomas Barker.

"Item: I give unto my Maid Servant Margery Butts ( if she shall be living with me at my Death ) Three Pounds in money over and besides her wages."

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Memorials of Exmouth. 1885.

Page 16. Advertised at Plymouth, Devon; on July 23, 1636. The "Patience" of Topsham was taken ( by the Turks ) two days after her setting out on a voyage to Newfoundland.

Page 17. Henry Stafford died Aug 10, 1748, at Exmouth, Devon. His father was John Stafford. This family were prosperous Exmouth merchants, who did much trading with Newfoundland.

*1675 Fishing Ships Census, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland. John Stafford in the "Elizabeth", out of Topsham.

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Bristol Record Society's Publications. Vol XIX.
MERCHANTS AND MERCHANDISE IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY BRISTOL.
Edited by: Patrick McGrath, M.A.

Page 236. Nov 22, 1639.
License granted to John Taylor & company to carry Commodities to New England.

Upon reading this day the humble petition of Richard Long, John Taylor, and John Gonning, of the City of Bristol Merchants, Owners of the Ship Mary Rose of the burthen of 180 tons, Showing, that the petitioners have for many years together adventured unto the Newfoundland [Harve de Grace/Harbour Grace] and those Western parts the said ship and diverse others in Fishing voyages which Fish they have carried into Spain and returned wines into England,
which pays unto his Majesty great Sums of money, ...

Page 239.

324. March 1, 1655. Newfoundland-Spanish Trade. Calendared.
Bartholomew Jefford of [ Saint Augustine The Less? ] Bristol, mariner, aged about 50, master of the Elizabeth of Bristol in her last voyage from Bristol to Newfoundland, and Robert Griffin of [ Saint Augustine The Less? ] Bristol, mariner, aged about 40, master's mate in the same voyage, deposed that about 17 June last the ship sailed from Bristol to Newfoundland. She came to the harbour of Havre de Grace on 19 July where Roch Consolves [Richard Counsell/Console?], mariner, loaded 990 quintals of dry fish for the account of Mr. Henry Creswicke, merchant in Bristol and partners, and the deponents loaded for the same account 14 quintals of dry fish of their own and the company's catching. On 13 September there was a great storm near the Bank of Newfoundland, and they were forced to cut the main mast and throw it overboard, there being 5 feet of water in the hold. On 2 December, they arrived in Bilbao, but the fish was so damnified that only 213 quintals could be delivered to the merchant. The rest was thrown into the river by order of the justices there. B.R.O., Depositions I654-I657

British Record Society Publication. Volume 6. 1935. The Deposition Books of Bristol. Volume 1. 1643-1647. Edited by: Miss H. E. Nott. Pages 142/143.
John Gonning, Bristol Mayor. September, 1645. A 300 Ton Bristol ship named the "Fortune", at Musketta/Bristol's Hope, Newfoundland.
"Anno domini 1646, Simon Wills, Master of the good ship called the "Fortune" of Bristol burthen 300 tons or thereabouts, in her last voyage from New Found Land to the Port of Bristol..."
In 1644 Symon Wills was Master of the "Dove" of Bristol. Simon Wills, Bristol Mariner, was born circa 1605.
The "Fortune" was a large vessel, to have visited the early Newfoundland Fishery, and would have taken plural months to load with codfish, train oil, etc. A 300 Ton vessel would carry approximately 6000 Quintals of dried cod. In comparison, a five man rowboat crew ( 3 in the boat & 2 ashore ), may have dried 200 Quintals in an average fishery season. 30 such boats, would catch 6000 Quintals. It is possible that the crew of the "Fortune" consisted 150 men at Bristol's Hope in 1645? Using 30 shallops/skiffs, or boats? Less men and shallops/skiffs or boats, would be required to produce 6000 Quintals of stockfish, if it were a good fishery season. Consider in general, 20 Quintals per Ton of cargo capacity for dried cod. Say 6000 Quintals of dried codfish at 12 Shillings per Quintal marketed = 3600 Pounds Sterling. The proprietor(s) cleared for this voyage circa 2600 Pounds Sterling? The common man could not undertake to finance such voyages. But folk like Mayors, Aldermen, and prominent merchants, could afford to invest in such Adventures. This was a general theme at the English ports, during the era. Evidenced via the early Newfoundland Schemes of the Fishery, and other surviving documents. The resident inhabitants included folk such as captains, agents, by boat keepers, hangashore passengers, fishermen, a poor mute boy of Weymouth, for whom the Overseers of the Parish wished to discontinue the parish charges his maintenance, etc.

*Year 1724. A small fishery year. Conception Bay shipped 11,000 quintals of dried cod, in 4 vessels.

----------------------------------------------------

http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/lab4/labvol4_1667b.html"> Privy Council Documents: Labrador Boundary Dispute p. 1672

In 1637, all prior grants were annulled and superseded by one to the Duke of Hamilton, Sir David Kirke and others, on the ground that the earlier

grantees had abandoned the country “leaving divers of our poor subjects in the said province living without government.”

The Business of Slavery - Chapter 9
Pembroke in 1645 was Commissioner of Admiralty. In 1637 Pembroke with others was given a grant of the province of Newfoundland, which area became "a nursery of seamen".

*****On Nov 13, 1637, the grant to Sir David Kirk and others for Newfoundland, undoubtedly infringed on the Bristol Hope Plantation business.
This grant did not unsurp the Bristol merchants of their property, or fishing rights, at Harbour Grace. The Kirke grant, being of a commercial nature.

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Acts of the Privy Council of England. (Colonial) Volume 1, 1613-1680. 1908.

Page 255. Whitehall, June 14, 1639.

The Adventurers for the Plantation of Newfoundland are allowed, on payment of the usual customs duties, to transport thither the several provisions hereafter mentioned.

23 butts containing 39 quarters of Wheat. ( 9.75 Tons to wheat. )

15 butts and 2 Puncheons containing 28 quarters of Malt. ( 7 Tons of Malt. )

5 Puncheons and 1 hogshead containing 59 bushels of Pease. ( 472 Gallons of Pease. )

2 Puncheons and 2 hogsheads containing 39 bushels of Oatmeal. ( 312 Gallons of Oatmeal. )

2 hogsheads containing 600 weight of cheese. ( 672 Pounds of Cheese. )

2 Rondletts containing 27 Gallons of sweet oil.

4 half firkins of ordinary Soap.

1 Rondlett of Castle Soap.

3 firkins of butter.

1 Rondlett containing 2 bushels of Mustard seeds. ( 16 Gallons of Mustard Seeds. )

2 Boxes containing 26 dozen of Candles.

2 Hogsheads of wine Vinegar.

2 firkins of small Nails.

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*The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1660. Peter Wilson Coldham. Genealogical Publishing Company Inc., Baltimore. 1988.

Page 209.
Oct 2, 1639. Sir David Kirke writes from Ferryland to Archbishop Laud that of the 100 persons brought over only one has died from sickness.

The air of Newfoundland agrees with all God's children except Jesuits and Schismatics. ( CSPC )

Page 213.
May 27, 1640. Pass for the "Charles" of Gloucester, a new ship, to go to the plantations and Newfoundland with 100 Passengers. ( APC & CSPC )

APC: ( Acts of the Privy Council of England, 1613 - 1631. H. M. S. O. 1921 - 1964. )

These 100 passengers of the ship "Charles" of 1640; would have been required, if the ship was to be loaded with dried cod fish at Newfoundland. "The complement of fishermen needed" to load the vessel heading to market, with a lading of Newfoundland dry fish and train oil. English wares were delivered to the American Colonies. Then cheaper produced American necessaries for the Newfoundland Fishery, were laded in the American Colonies. The vessel proceeded to the Newfoundland Fishery. When the lading of Codfish and oil was completed by the fishermen/passengers/ships company, the vessel heading to market in Europe. And subsequently brought fruit, wine, etc., back to the English home Port. Lloyd's Registers reveal that a ship’s crew for a vessel 200 to 250 tons, consisted of between 12 and 14 men. 14 men 2may have dried 600 Quintals of cod in a season. This would not have been close to a lading, for the "Charles" of Bristol in 1640. 100 Passengers may provide 4000 Quintals. Resulting in a lading of dried cod, for the "Charles". One may conclude the larger Atlantic traversing ships in the early 17th Century, carried "many passengers out to the Newfoundland Fishery, and back home again". The few Planter Settlers eventually overwintering, being but a very small portion of the total passengers. ( Logistics called for manpower, to produce the dried cod fish. )

*Acts of the Privy Council of England (Colonial), Volume I, 1613-1680, 1908.

Pages 273-278, reveals plural vessels like the "Charles" as above mentioned. Being laded at Bristol, etc., to go to New England, Virgina, etc., with provisions and passengers. Thence to Newfoundland for codfish, to a fish market, and back to the home port with wines, fruit, etc.
Later era folk sailing to the Newfoundland Fishery, like Thomas Neck and Stephen Tucker; voyaged the same, or similar routes.

Page 689, relates the 1673 Privy Council Petition of Peter Edwards and Thomas Butler, Planters of Newfoundland, while embargoed at Bristol.
The families of later Thomas Edwards and Henry Edwards out of Bristol, appears to have been resident in Conception Bay.

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The first English conquest of Canada: with some account of the earliest ... By: Henry Kirke.
Page 191/2

During Sir David Kirke's government of Newfoundland, he offered every inducement to colonists to settle in the island, so that before the year 1650 more than three hundred and fifty families were located in different parts of the island. After his death a petition was addressed by the inhabitants to the Lords of Trade and Plantations, applying for some local governor and magistrates who should decide disputes and prevent disorders amongst them; but their sensible request was opposed by the merchants and shipowners in London and Bristol who were interested in the Newfoundland trade; and, strange to say, their opposition was successful.

*Note: Masters, Servants, and inhabitants, were distinguished in early Newfoundland. Masterless by-boat keepers and planters, largely constituting the inhabitants; were frowned upon by West County Merchants and the English Crown. Master-Servant status was acceptable to the English Crown's Newfoundland "migratory" Fishery. Masterless inhabitants whom were no longer traversing the Atlantic Ocean by freight or hire, did not constitute a "nursery of seamen" for the English/British Navy. The London and Bristol Newfoundland merchants did not want to lose their livelihood, to an established, inhabited, Colony.

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In 1642 John Varder and Anthony Codner were Churchwardens at St. Marychurch Parish, Devon. In this role they would have been responsible for arranging to send parish boys, poor folk, etc., to the Newfoundland Fishery.

Was there any connection to Anthony Varder of Bedminster, Somerset; and Bay Roberts, Newfoundland?

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The Cambridge history of the British Empire: The Growth of the new Empire... By John Holland Rose. Chapter 5, pages 126...

page 131:
"After 1642 considerable numbers of settlers fled from England to the colony"
By 1648 the exodus of trained seamen and fishermen to take service under Kirke began to cause serious alarm to the Long Parliament"

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By the very early 1650's, the long parliament of England sent commissioners out to look after the Newfoundland Fishery. The era of early colonies at Newfoundland came to an end, and was relegated to history books. Governors gave way to Commissioners/Naval Commissioners. Captain Whitburne earlier had been commissioned in 1615.

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Colonial Chronology: A Chronology of the Principal Events ... Henry James Robinson · 1892.
Page 266. In 1654 a body of English Colonists were sent out to Newfoundland, aided by a parliamentary grant.

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Catechism of the history of Newfoundland: with an introductory chapter on ... By William Charles St. John.
Page 21. In 1654, it is recorded that there were fifteen different settlements existing in Newfoundland.

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Planters, Paupers, and Pioneers: English Settlers in Atlantic Canada. By: Lucille H. Campey. Page 192.
1657 Census. ...descendants of the Newfoundland Company colonists constituting only a tiny minority of the British population living on the Island.
What is the content(s) of this 1657 Census?

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The journal of James Yonge, 1647-1721, Plymouth surgeon. 1963.

James Yonge, Plymouth Surgeon, visited Newfoundland in 1663, in the "Reformation". Monday, April 4, ...came for Renews Harbor. "We found no ship there, but divers possessors. We presently hired a sloop from a planter, and sent the mate with divers men, along shore, to get possessions, as they call it. The manner is thus: they put a man on shore at every harbour and at last, according to their turns, they take the best place they can of all their possessions. There were 4 at Renews before us. Only one stuck there, which was Mr. Thomas Waymouth of Dartmouth, who kept 18 boats, in the "Dorcas". So our master resolved to be his vice admiral. Besides us, there fished Mr. Thomas Hammett of Barnstaple, with 12 boats, Mr. Francis Martyn of Plymouth, 4 boats, Mr. Scott of Barnstaple, 6 boats. The planters were Mr. John Kirk, 3 boats. Richard Pooley, 1 boat. Richard Codner, 1 boat. Mrs. Gilder, 3 boats. And James Kelling, a two man boat. Thomas Waymouth was Admiral. Young agreed with Edward Cutt, Weymouth's surgeon, to share the workload between them. "The houses are made of of a fryth of boughs, sealed inside with rinds, which look like planed deals, and covered with the same, and turfs of earth upon to keep the sun from Raning them." "Boats had five men, three to catch fish, and two to save them." Did this Thomas Waymouth later reside at St. John's? Per the early Census'.
John Cutt of Dartmouth, at Brigus South, 1677; in the "Society". (A Society of Friends vessel?)
"When the fishermen lade, or sometimes moor in the day, it's hard work for the shoremen who rest not above 2 hour a night." Nor were the fishermen better off; they rowed hard, and fished all day, and every second night took nets and drove, to catch herrings for bait. The first bait was mussels, then herrings, which generally lasted all the year. At the middle or end of June they had capling; then squid. In the winter the planters [ ie: the residents ] got fish, sawed deal boards, made oars, caught beavers, and fowled. Such was the way in which Devonshire men fished for cod at Newfoundland a couple of centuries since.

Page 112. Feb 23, 1668/9. James Yonge sailed Plymouth to Newfoundland, with Christopher Martin of Plymouth, in the 100 Ton ship, "Marigold".
Ships that fished in St. John's, 1669.

Mr. Christopher Martin in the "Marigold" of Plymouth, 18 boats, 90 men. ( Admiral ). ( *Called "My Lord" ).
Mr. John Rich in the "Blessing" of Dartmouth, 10 boats, 50 men. (Vice Admiral ). ( *Called "My Lady" ).
Mr. John Guard in the "Sun" of Dartmouth, 5 boats, 25 men.
Mr. William Cock in the "Fortune" of Dartmouth, 8 boats, 40 mem.
Mr. Thomas Fowles in the "Solomon" of Dartmouth, 11 boats, 55 men.
Mr. Robert Fletcher in the "Unity" of Dartmouth, 12 boats, 60 men.
Mr. Knowles in the "James" of Dartmouth, 8 boats, 40 men.
Mr. Bartholomew Hill in the "Diamond" of Topsham, 3 boats, 15 men.
Mr. John Martin in the "Phoenix" of Teignmouth, 12 boats, 60 men.
Mr. Lux [ Luce/Luck ] in the "Nonsuch" of Dartmouth, 15 boats, 75 men.
Mr. Allen Heyn in the ____ of Dartmouth, 8 boats, 40 men.
Mr. Thomas Waymouth in the "Fortune" of Dartmouth, 6 boats, 30 men.
Mr. Ball in the "Unity" of Plymouth, 5 boats, 25 men.
Mr. Cope of London, 3 boats, 15 men.
Mr. Ellice Martyn of Dartmouth, 3 boats, 15 men.
Mr. Bawden of Teignmouth, 5 boats, 25 men.

1669 Planters and Interlopers, in St. John's.
Mr. Dennis Loany, 3 boats, 15 men.
Mr. Furze, 3 boats, 15 men.
Mrs. Grace Porter, 2 boats, 10 men.
Mr. Nicholas Hopkings, 2 boats, 10 men.
Mr. Andrew Blase, 1 boat, 5 men.
Mr. Rogers, 2 boats, 10 men.
Mr. Andrew Holeman, 1 boat, 5 men.
Goodman Coke, 1 boat, 5 men.
Goodman Bennet, 2 boats, 10 men.
Mr. Downing, 2 boats, 10 men.
John Lashly, 1 boat, 5 men.
Mr. Durdell, 2 boats, 10 men.

Mark Bickford, 3 boats, 15 men. Interloper.
John Bickford, 2 boats, 10 men.
John Woods, 2 boats, 10 men.
Old Mr. Cullen, 1 boat, 5 men.
Mr. Roger Andrews, 2 boats, 10 men. Interloper.
Mr. Thomas Griggs, 2 boats, 10 men.
Old Churchwood, 1 boat, 5 men.

In 1670 James Yonge sailed to Newfoundland in the "Marigold", Christopher Martin commander. In company of two other masters, both named James Cuttiford.

Ships that fished in St. John's, 1670.
Mr. Christopher Martin in the "Marigold" of Plymouth, 14 boats, 70 men.
Mr. Richard Crook in the "Dorcas" of Dartmouth, 18 boats, 90 men.
Mr. Nicholas Bawden in the "Mary" of Teignmouth, 12 boats, 60 men.
Mr. John Lux [ Luce/Luck ] in the "Nonsuch" of Dartmouth, 15 boats, 75 men.
Mr. Robert Fletcher in the "Unity" of Dartmouth, 11 boats, 55 men.
Mr. Pearcy of Topsham in the "Laurell Lee", 24 boats, 120 men.
Mr. John Roope in the "Dartmouth Merchant", 6 boats, 30 men.
Mr. Bartholomew Hill in the "Diamond" of Topsham, 7 boats, 35 men.
Zachary Sherries in the "Sun" of Dartmouth, 5 boats, 25 men.
Mr. Cruse in the "Charles" of Topsham, 5 boats, 25 men.
Mr. Lile of Topsham, 7 boats, 25 men.
Captain Storer of Topsham, 2 boats, 10 men.
>Mr. Richards of Topsham in the "Fidelity", 2 boats, 10 men.

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A History of Newfoundland from the English, Colonial and Foreign Records. By: D. W. Prowse. Page 196.

John Carter, Poole, Dorset, Mayor, during 1675 and 1677.
"...the Inhabitants are faithful subjects and that the most eminent of them now resident there, were forced over in the time of the late civil war for their loyalty to His Majesty."
*The turmoil of the English Civil War permitted Virginia even greater autonomy during the 1650s, and many supporters of the king fled to the colony, becoming known as "Virginia Cavaliers".

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1/360/74 28 August 1667. These documents are held at Plymouth and West Devon Record Office. Contents:

Depositions by John [Cutt], Nicholas Luce, Thomas Pitcher, Richard Parker, Christopher Selman, all of Dartmouth, Devon, mariners, Thomas Fowles of St Marychurch, Devon, mariner, Thomas Cruse of Ashprington, Devon, mariner, Gabriell Viddomas of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, mariner, touching Newfoundland and the fisheries thereof, taken at Totnes, before Sir Edward Seymour, Sir William Courtney and Sir Thomas Reynell, John Hall, Thomas Boone and Gilbert Eveleigh, Esqs, Commissioners.

John Cutt, a Dartmouth mariner, testified in 1667, that from 1612 to 1622 as many as 80 ships had annually sailed from Dartmouth to Newfoundland each spring.
John Cutt wed Annah Dale Jan 22, 1615/16, St Saviours.
Thomas Pitcher of St. Saviours.
Richard Parker wed Susannah Roope, 1646, at St. Saviours.
Christopher Selman of St. Saviours. ( A Christopher Selman at Carbonear, 1681. )
Gabriel Videmouse wed Judith Tucker, 1621, Berry Pomeroy. Worked for Joan Clay, at Bay Roberts?
( Anthony Streight wed Mary Cutt Jan 1, 1653, at St. Clement, Dartmouth. Captain Anthony Street of Dartmouth, 1666. At Port de Grave, 1681? )
1652 Parliamentary Commissioner to Newfoundland, Robert Street.

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( The London Gazette, Issue 1617, page 1. May 16, 1681 edition. )

Falmouth, Devon. May 12, 1681. The 9th Instant Put to sea the “Elizabeth” of this place, John Clay, Master, bound for Newfoundland.
*Sept 1, 1681 John Clay at Caplin Bay, Newfoundland.
Oct 22, 1687, Elizabeth, daughter of John & Jone Clay baptized at Falmouth.
Falmouth, Oct 19, 1696. Yesterday a ship arrived from Ferryland, Newfoundland, with 170 seamen and passengers…

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The council book of the Corporation of Kinsale, from 1652 to 1800. 1879.

July 25, 1682. Fishermen found a ship floating off Dungarvan, Ireland. The vessel belonged to Mr. William Martin of Plymouth, bound to Newfoundland. The vessel had been taken by the Turks who quitted her.

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Letter from the Custom House in London, to Sir Edmond Andross, Governor of New England. 1686/7.
"Having notice that under Colour of Trade to Newfoundland for fish, great Quantities of Wine Brandy and other European goods are Imported from thence into his Majesties Plantations ( particularly New England ). On allegation that the said Newfoundland is Accounted as one of the said Plantations. To which purpose tis now become a Magazine of all Sorts of goods brought thither directly from France, Holland, Scotland, Ireland and other Places. Which is not only Contrary to Law, but greatly to the Prejudice of his Majesties Customs, and to the Trade and Navigation of this Kingdom. To the end therefore, that so destructive and growing an Evil may be timely Prevented; We desire you for his Majesties Service, to give Public Notice to all Persons concerned within your Government. That the Newfoundland is not to be taken or Accounted a Plantation, being under no Government or other Regulation, as all his Majesties Plantations are."

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Records of the First Church of Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1632-1789. Boston. 1880.

Page 41.
Dec 24, 1694. Mrs. Mary Kirk, wife of David Kirk of Newfoundland, admitted to the First Church in Charlestown, Mass.
*Not admitted to full Communion.
[Consider why not? Baptists vs Huguenot Calvinist? Different Christian denominations, not in full agreement. ]
*Her husband David Kirke II, died as a prisoner of war at Placentia, in 1696. The Widow Mary Kirke, remarried to James Benger.
*The Kirke family at Ferryland, did business with Joseph Buckley, merchant of Salem, Mass.

On Jan 28, 1653, Sir David Kirke requested his brother James Kirke to be the sole manager of his Estate after his decease. And to take care for his wife and children.
This was verbally declared as his last Will and Testament, before witnesses.
Will of Sir David Kirke. 14 February 1654. PROB 11/240/235

Will of Sir Lewis Kirke of Savoy, Middlesex
Reference: PROB 11/312/206
Date: 07 October 1663
Sir Lewis Kirke made his Will on August 21, 1663...
"Item": I give to my four nephews, George Kirke, David Kirke, Phillip Kirke, and Grevase(Jarvis) Kirke, All the Estate that their late father Sir David Kirke and their mother did give to me. And five Pounds apiece besides."

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The British Empire in America. Containing The History of the Discovery, Settlement, Progress and present State of all the British Colonies on the Continent and Islands of America.

In Two Volumes. London. 1708. Subsection: The History of Newfoundland.
Page 9.
The English had no Settlement for many years farther than Bonavista; but 10 Years ago, they sat down at Greenspond Island. ( Ie: 1698. )
In the matter of the boundary between the Dominion of Canada and the colony of Newfoundland in the Labrador Peninsula,
: between the Dominion of Canada of the one part and the colony of Newfoundland of the other part v.4
Published: 1927
Author: Great Britain. Privy Council. Judicial Committee

Page 1802.
CALENDAR OF STATE PAPERS, AMERICA & WEST INDIES, 1697-1698, PAGE 550.
Report of Captain John Norris on Newfoundland Affairs.
Extract of a September 1, 1698, letter. From William Cock at Bonavista: to Commodore Norris. ( Commodore John Norris enclosed William Cock's letter with his replies to the Council of Trade's Heads of Inquiry as to Newfoundland. On Nov 13, 1698, aboard H.M.S. Winchester, in Cadiz Bay, Commander Norris writes, "I had some doubts as to sending you a letter herein copied, on account of its compliments to myself, but I do so on account of its giving a relation of a part of Newfoundland seeming very advantageous for England". Signed: John Norris. Endorsed, Received Jan 2, 1698/9. Read Feb 6, 1698/9.

Extract of William Cock's letter:
"On the North side of this [Bonavista] bay are many extraordinary harbors and better fishing. One William Wyng has fished for some years 14 leagues [48.3 miles] Northwest by North of this place, and has still exceeded the inhabitants of this [place] considerably. This year one Nevill [Newell?] has been that way and has more fish for his two-men-boats than those here for shallops, so that next summer several inhabitants of this harbor [Bonavista] design to remove thither, as also the masters of ships that have fished here this year, for it is certain that the fewer the boats that are kept in a place the better the fishing. I tell you this that the power of those whom you send this way to settle affairs may extend as far as Cape Freels, that being the northernmost cape of this bay."

*Note: Two men boats, are distinguished from Shallops. At Port de Grave, 1708; boats and skiffs/shallops are distinguished.
*William Cock's, aka Cox?, 1698 Bonavista letter; more likely references William Wyng/Wing and Thomas Newell Sr. of Bonavista, Planters.
*48.3 miles Northwest by North of Bonavista, lies situate near Indian Bay, and to its northwards, Greenspond.
*Were William Wyng and Thomas Newell the early English fishermen whom "sat down" at Greenspond, in 1698?
*A Wings Island situate in Bonavista District.
*William Wing appears to have been of Christchurch/Ringwood, Hampshire; local area?

*Christopher Cox of ?Christchurch, Hampshire?, at Barrow Harbor and Salvage, Bonavista, 1675.
*John Pitt of ?Christchurch, Hampshire?, at Salvage, Bonavista, 1675.
Did both these individuals later return to England and marry, at Christchurch?
Newfoundland being simply a worksite preserve, many of the early Newfoundland "Census" individuals, would have later returned to England.
The few that stayed (the permanent Settlers), produced early generational families.

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The English marriage Acts did not extend to early Newfoundland, geographically lying "beyond the seas".
Newfoundland was "Beyond the Seas", and "out of his majesties dominions", and not a Country of the British Empire.
There were no real canonical places in early Newfoundland, wherein a Church of England marriages could be performed.
There were no Bishop's Courts to issue marriage Licenses in Newfoundland.
In early Newfoundland, marriage thus could not be performed, according to the rites and Laws of the Church of England.
Giving all his Majesty's subjects abroad, liberty to solemnize marriage in any way they might choose.
Especially in the absence of one in Holy Orders, of the Church of England.
Governors, schoolmasters, planters, or indeed anyone, could have performed the marriage ceremony.
The court of common Law was forced to recognize historically traditional marriages, via Missionaries, Ministers, Pastors, laymen, JP's, etc.
Newfoundland was not a colony, but a Fishery of the English Crown; during the 17th and 18th Centuries.
Post Jan 1, 1818, the British Parliament instructed, that in Newfoundland marriage must be performed by one in "Holy Orders".
"Holy orders" carrying a broad legal interpretation, subsequent Acts of Parliament updated and refined marriage laws for Newfoundland.

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The manuscripts of the House of Lords; new series, volume 5. 1702-1704. London, 1910. Pages 332/3.

1703. And whereas the salt employed in this fishery [Newfoundland] is chiefly supplied from Portugal,
we further propose that convoys should be ordered for the salt ships from Lisbon to Newfoundland...

By the report of 2 French deserters, the French this winter have 1500 Men at Placentia, and 12 months provisions.
With 2 Men of War, of 50 Guns each, in the harbor. And 4 more are expected from France.

Page 68.
An Account of the Fishery for 1702. ( Partial extract only ).
# of by-boat Masters - 11.
# of by-boat Servants - 81.
# of the inhabitants:
Men 259
Women 208
Children 441
Servants 1494
Quantity of fish made by the Fishing Ships – 8,100 cwt.
Quantity of fish made by the inhabitants and by-boats - 74,040 cwt.

*A not so considerable year fishery. Occasioned by the War with the French. There were 2,402 inhabitants in Newfoundland, in 1702.
*In the 1701 Account of the Fishery, there were 461 Men, 166 Women, 250 Children, and 2698 Servants inhabitant. For a total of 3,575 inhabitants.
In 1698 there were 2,640 inhabitants. In 1699 there were 3,009 inhabitants.

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The Boston News-letter.
Monday Aug 6 - Monday Aug 13, 1705.
St. Johns, Newfoundland, April 21, 1705.

At break of day on Sunday Morning the 21st of January last, our Harbor was beset with about Six or Seven Hundred men, vix. French Soldiers, Inhabitants and Fishermen from Placentia. Some Acadians as Pessemequady and Port Royal, and Canadians from Quebec and places adjacent, and 50 New England Eastern Indians, with Easecombuit their Captain/Chief, all under the Command of Monsieur Subercase Governor of Placentia; who made the whole Harbor Prisoners of War in two hours time, excepting the Garrison which was the Fort & Castle. The Enemy the night before, lay near the Harbor in the Snow that was 6 Foot deep on the ground, and durst not make any Fires for fear of being discovered; Monsieur Subercase being wet and cold gave orders in the Morning at the first Attack to give no quarters, and accordingly they killed all at the first houses they came to: But the Canadians and Indians withstood Monsieur Subercase and gave quarters for a Season. The Enemy sent the Women and Children about 142 into the Garrison: They laid Siege to it five Weeks time, there was not a man that got into the Fort but three, and about 17 that got from the Southside of the Harbor into the Castle: In the Fort were only 40 men under the Command of brave Captain Moody, who behaved himself most valiantly, and in the Castle were 12 Soldiers and the 17 Inhabitants under the Command of Mr. Latham. Monsieur Subercase took a Child and barbarously cut its throat, and sent it by a Soldier with a Message to the Garrison, That if they did not Surrender to him, he would so serve all therein, and the Prisoners that he had taken; upon which Captain Moody bid the Messenger be gone else he would shoot him, replying to Monsieur Subercase's Message, That both himself & the men of the Fort & Castle were resolved to die with their Sword in hand ere they Surrendered; Captain Moody plied the Enemy so with great Guns, Bombs and Mortars, that there was killed of the Enemy with their own Confession between 180 and 200 men; And on our side, there was but two men killed in the Garrison, and one at the Castle, but there was killed about 30 and Captured of our men about 130 at our Harbor and other places. The Indians Murdered 7 men at Torbay, and the French barbarously Murdered 6 more because they could not carry so great a burden 6 Miles through the Woods as the Enemy would have them. The Enemy finding they could not take the Fort and Castle, they burnt all the houses here but 5 and the Church, and went back to the Southward burning and demolishing all where they came: They burnt all Ferryland and hove the Salt out of Doors. Monsieur Subercase gave orders to the Indians and Canadians to cross over the Land to Conception Bay, Trinity and Bonavista, and there to burn and destroy all where they came. But after the French departure from St. John's Advice was sent to Carboniere and other places and the Inhabitants of Carboniere got upon the Island with most of their effects, and having 5 Guns they were supplied with Ammunition and Small Arms from the Garrison of St. John's and defended themselves. But the Indians burnt all their Stages and Boats. And we hope the other places did also secure and defend themselves from the Enemy. Monsieur Subercase sent back several of the Prisoners but carried with him the most of the able Fishermen.

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St. John's Newfoundland, July 20, 1705.
My last advised of 300 French and Indians intending to make a descent on our Parts; some whereof, if not all, are come to Trinity, Carboniere, and Consumption Bay; they have taken several of the People, and sent them to Placentia, others they used very barbarously, and some have made their escape hither, and to Carboniere- Island, where they are forced to keep; so that the Fishery will be all destroyed excepting here, & at Bonavista, where the People have given the French and Indians 450 Pounds not to destroy the place and yet they threaten them now again. One of Her Majesties Men of War is going to Trinity-Bay.

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Monday May 20 - Monday May 27, 1706.
St. John's, Newfoundland. May the 4th. 1706.
It has been very sickly here last Winter, and we have buried a great many: Three of the French Prisoners made their escape to Petty Harbor, where the Chief Gunner with a party in pursuit of them killed two in their endeavoring a second escape. On the 25 last, a party of French came & burnt Mr. Coles House. Here are two ships arrived from England, Abraham Filmore from Topsham and Thomas Templeman from Bristol, by whom we are informed, That Sir William Jumper is bound hither with a Squadron, whom we daily expect.

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Catalogue of manuscripts and rare books. Myers & co., booksellers, London.
Page 5.
Captain Pickering gives an account of the taking of Fort William in St. Johns by 150 French in the early hours of the morning of Dec 21, 1708. Newfoundland was not given back to England, until the peace of Utrecht in 1713.

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1724. Samuel Hunt, Master of the Merchant Venturers Society of Bristol. His son Stephen Hunt later voyaged to Newfoundland?
In 1813, William Danson, was a Warden of the society.

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*Examples of mid 1700's bills of exchange, involving Newfoundland residents/fishermen, ship captains/merchants, and Rhode Island/Massachussetts merchants.
Records of Rhode Island, Collection in the Secretary of State's Office, Archives Division.
Public Notary Records, Volume 5, 1741 - 1753.
Google Books:
Rhode Island Roots, Volumes 16-19, 1990-1993.
Rhode Island Genealogical Society, 1990.
*Some Newfoundland entries...

Page 58.
...Willoby endorsed to Benjamin Jefferson. Trepassey, Newfoundland. Oct. 10, 1754. (6:77)
Page 90.
Bill of exchange - Samuel Jutsham [Esq.] & William Stook on Richard & Robert Newman for Timothy McCarthy, endorsed to Clother Peirce, St. John's, NF. Oct 15, 1755. (6:106)

Page 124.
Bill of exchange, George Tremlett on William Hodgson for Abner Coffin, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland, Sept. 6, 1743. (5:168)
Bill of exchange, John Teague on George Rowe & Co. for Abner Coffin, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland, Sept. 6, 1743. (5:168)
Page 126.
Bill of exchange, John Boudin on Dorothy Boudin for Richard Adamson, endorsed to John Butler, John Jepson, James Easton & Co., [St. John's], Newfoundland, Oct. 6, 1757. (6:435)

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The Maritime Provinces of British North America and the American ... 1941.
Pages 118-120.
In 1775 Generals Gage and Carleton sent recruiting parties to Newfoundland who enlisted 200 soldiers, 79 seamen and carpenters for Carleton and 84 seamen for Admiral Graves at Boston. The Governor facilitated the work but drew the line at recruiting men under contract for the fisheries. Carleton's Newfoundlanders arrived at Quebec in time to raise the spirits of the defenders and shortly earned the praise of their commanders by their conduct during the siege of the city.
*Various recruiting efforts occurred in Newfoundland around this time. From the Highland Emigrants, and the Royal Fencible Americans, of Halifax, in 1777. Also, the Loyal Island of St. John Volunteers. The 84th Regiment recruited in 1780.
The American Revolution caused the price of living in Newfoundland to triple between 1775 and 1780.
The first Congress of the United States, Sept. 5, 1774, forbade all exports to British possessions.
Agriculture was discouraged by the English, so Newfoundlanders were dependent on New England for supplies.
A St. John's fire in May, 1779, destroyed provisions, and left Newfoundland in a state of a lack of necessaries.
The price of food rose, and Rev. Balfour wrote to the SPG, that in 1780 that he had buried nine persons who had died "of mere hunger".
The spring convoys of 1781 restored the stocks and supplies in Conception Bay.

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Journal of the Commissioners for trade and plantations ... v.14 yr.1776/1782. London. 1938.
In 1777 Messieurs Le Cras and Le Mesurier obtained license to export military stores from England to the Island of Jersey, for the use of vessels trading to Newfoundland. Also, Peter Perchard Esq., of St. Peter Port, Guernsey, and London. For letters of marque.
In 1777 Messieurs Phillip de Gruchy and John Fiott obtained license to export military stores from England to the Island of Jersey, for the use of vessels trading to Newfoundland. Via the ship "Lively".
In 1778 Messieurs de Gruchy and Fiott obtained license to export military stores from England to the Island of Jersey, for the use of vessels trading to Newfoundland.

Lloyd's Register, 1778.

"Lively", Snow, 120 Tons, 13 Men. Captain J. Kirby, London to Jersey. For: Patriarch & Co. Built in France in 1756.
*Benjamin Lester also obtained permission to export military stores to Newfoundland.
Feb 4, 1778. Mr. Lempriere of the Island of Jersey, together with Messieurs Le Messurier and Fiott, attended the British Privy Council to further secure the Isle de Madame Fishery. They were agents for four Companies at Jersey, involved in the Fishery at Isle de Madame.

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Lloyd's List Dec 5, 1777, edition.
The "Nancy & Mary", Le Geyt, from Newfoundland, is taken by the Americans and carried into St. Antino.

Lloyd's List Dec 10, 1777, edition.
The "Nancy & Mary", Le Geyt, Arrived at Jersey from Newfoundland and Bilboa, was taken by an American Privateer on her Passage from Newfoundland to Bilboa, who, not having a sufficient Number of Hands to put on board, after plundering her, released her.

Lloyd's List July 28, 1775, edition.
Arrived at Newfoundland from Jersey the vessels/captains: "Willing Mind", Fiott; "Jane", Delane; "Nancy & Mary", Le Geyt.
Was Captain Delane from Jersey in 1775, responsible for the naming of Dallan's Hole, Port de Grave? Dallain?
Dallain is an Island of Jersey surname. ?Delane, an English recording of Dallain, in 1775, by Lloyd's List staff?
The 1847 Church Society Report, names Dallan's Hole, Port de Grave.
The Canada, Newfoundland Vital Records, 1864 & 1865. Show marriages of residents of Dallan's Hole, Newfoundland.
There are Church of England baptisms 1884- 1887, for the Daw family at Dallan's Hole.
In Feb, 1888, under a new Church of England Rural Dean, Lawrence Amor; the name Daniel's Hole is recorded in the church Register.
After some 113 years, the name appears to change. One considers that Local Port de Grave folk, are largely now unaware, that captain Delane/?Dallain? visited, from the Island of Jersey.
Under the regular Rural Dean, James C. Harvey, Dallan's Hole is again later recorded in the register. Ie: Sep, 1889. In Nov, 1889, under H. Elrington, Daniel's Hole is again entered.
In August, 1890, under a new Rural Dean, T. G. Netten, a new name, Darrell's Hole, is recorded.
Canada, Newfoundland Vital Records, 1895 & 1897. Daw deaths at Darrell's Hole, Newfoundland. The 1921 Census also names Darrell's Hole.
At 115 years post 1775, captain Dallain appears to be gone from local memory? A "Joisey Bird" who had briefly visited Conception Bay. Until Port de Grave ?inhabitants?, had largely laded his vessel “Jane”, with cod and train oil. For merchant Fiott? His crew of 8 or 10 men couldn't produce sufficiently to load the vessel, of their own catching and curing. During the 17th Century, English merchants supported getting rid of the Newfoundland residents. While ferrying many passengers to facilitate the lading of a ship, with dried cod. How time changed their minds. During the 18th Century, English merchants enjoyed having inhabitants load their vessels in a much shorter time span. Enabling early arrival at market, resulting in higher fish prices.
In the 1835 voter's list, the name Darrell's Hole, reverts back to Daniel's Hole.
Note: The varying name entries recorded in the church register of Dallain's Hole at Ship Cove, Port de Grave, was not subsequently changed. In England during early era, church register entries were lawful entities, and not to be meddled with/modified, etc. In early era variant spellings of names, was not uncommon.
Lloyd's List Dec 9, 1763, edition. Arrived at Alicant, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Judith", Captain Hobin. ( English corrupted form of Aubin?)
Folk having interest in the Channel Islanders of early Newfoundland, have to consider French versus English surname recordings, as seen in plural documents.

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New York Journal, July 6, 1775. Provincial Congress, New-York, July 5, 1775.
Resolved, That no vessel now in port, nor any that may hereafter arrive here, belonging to any port in Great Britain or Ireland, or the Islands of Jersey or Guernsey, which sends vessels to the Newfoundland fishery, be permitted to load any Bread or Flour, Beef or Pork, unless the property of those articles, be in some merchant or inhabitant of this colony and not intended for Newfoundland, until it shall be otherwise ordered by this, or the Continental Congress.

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The Boston Gazette And County Journal. Monday, October 9, 1775, edition.
Waterford, June 23, 1775.
In consequence of the present unhappy and melancholy disputes between England and her Colonies, the people in Newfoundland are in extreme want of provisions. The "Hercules", Captain Thompson, in ballast: and the "Byron", Captain Reeves, with salt, arrived here from St. John's, in order to carry over with all possible speed, 40 tons of bread and a quantity of other necessaries, to that harbor. Yesterday the "Valentine", Captain Nowlan, also arrived here from St. John's, for bread, etc.
*?Captain Thompson of the "Hercules", for merchant Hunter of Glasgow, Greenock; and Newfoundland?
*Lloyd's Register of 1778. "Byron", Captains J. Reeves/W. Mortimer, Dartmouth - Newfoundland. 140 Tons. Built at Boston, 1770. For: Spark(es) & Co.
*Lloyd's Register of 1778. "Valentine", Captain T. Nowlan, Waterford - Newfoundland. 100 Tons. Built in America. in 1767. For: Smith & Co.

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Lords Commissioners, Admiralty, to Vice Admiral John Montagu, March 20, 1777.
You are hereby required and directed to order the Captains and Commanders of His Majesty's Ships and Vessels under your command to endeavor to procure, at Newfoundland, all the Seamen they may be able, so soon as the Fishing Season shall be over, and to bear such Seamen as Supernumeraries for Wages and Victuals, 'til their arrival in England, where they are to dispose of them as the Admiral or Commanding Officer for the time being at the Port of their arrival, shall direct.
And to encourage such Seamen to enter more readily, you are to direct the several Commanders to acquaint them, that they will be paid the same Bounties respectively, as are given to Seamen who voluntarily enter in England, so soon as it is known, on board what Ships they may be appointed to serve, and they shall have received their Muster from the Clerk of the Cheque of any of His Majesty's Yards; And, to this end, you are further to direct the said Captains & Commanders to transmit to the Navy Board, correct Lists of the Names of the Seamen so entitled to Bounty, distinguishing the able from the Ordinary Seamen, that the said Board may give the necessary directions for Payment thereof accordingly. Given &c the 20th March 1777.
PRO, Admiralty 2/102, 365-66.

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A Letter to DeGruchy & Fiott of London, 8 November 1777. From; Messrs. Ventura Gomez de la Torre & Barrena, of Bilbao.
It is with the greatest concern that we must advise You that the Nancy & Mary, Thomas Aubin master, coming to us from Newfoundland with about 2,000 Quintals fish, & some oil, was taken the 28 ultimate. By the American Privateer the Neptune, Captain Nathaniel Swasey. The prize was sent into Santona, and the Capt, and crew, as also Mr. LeGeyt the agent, were sent ashore in one of our Spanish Boats, Six Miles East of this place. They are now here, and I have made them enter a protest which we shall transmit you next post. That you may be able to settle with the Underwriters, wishing heartily our worthy friend Mr. Fiott may be fully covered. We are sorry to see the Newfoundland Trade so much exposed. That it is with great difficulty any Vessel coming to this place, can avoid falling into the hands of American privateers that infest our Coast. But their force is so inconsiderable, that a few of Your cutters would soon destroy them.”
DeGruchy & Fiott
London 4 December 1777. The above is a true Extract of the Letter received by us.
(Enclosed with Lord Weymouth correspondence to Lord Grantham, 5 Dec. 1777, ibid., folios. 361–62.)

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Phillip Ge Gruchy and John Fiott, London business partners. In 1797 surviving partners included John Phillip De Gruchy and Phillip Gavey.
*Southampton, Nov 7, 1797.
All persons who may have any legal claims or Demands on Edward Fiott, of Gosport in the County of Southampton, Esquire…
Jersey to Newfoundland Fishery voyages, sometimes included the Port of Southampton.
*Peculiar Court of Great Canford & Poole, Admon of Jan 5, 1744.
James Webber of Southampton, Newfoundland Planter bound... Jacques Vibert signed the Admon.
PCC Will of James Vibert, Newfoundland Boat-Keeper of Saint Mary, Jersey. 06 February 1762. Aka James Webber, the English version.

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https://ndar-history.org/">Naval Documents of the American Revolution.

Libels Filed in the Massachusetts Maritime Court, July 16, 1778.
Brigantine “Adventure”, William Snow, master, 110 tons burthen, mounting six 3-pounders, built in North America in 1774, owned by Geffrard, from Jersey bound to Newfoundland.
*Lloyd’s Register, 1778. “Adventure”, Brig, 110 Tons/11 Men, Captain William Snow, Jersey to Newfoundland, for: John Geffard/Giffard/Gifford.
In the 1760’s Philip Giffard voyaged Jersey to Newfoundland. John Gifford at Harbour Grace in 1770, Captain of the “Salisbury”.

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A Journal of Transactions and Events, During A Residence Of Nearly Sixteen Years On The Coast Of Labrador, Vol 3, page 48, 49, 50, Voyage 6
By Captain George Cartwright, 1739 - 1819.
1785, June 15, Tuesday. At Catalina.
"After breakfast I took all hands onshore with me, to Mr. Child's fishing room; and taking provisions also, we dressed them in his house, and eat our dinners there:"
"This harbor was formerly full of fishing-rooms, but the very frequent depredations of the American privateers in the last war caused every merchant and planter to abandon it, except Mr. Child, who has now only two people here; one of whom is the Red Indian who was caught about seventeen years ago, by a man who shot his mother as she was endeavoring to make her escape with him in her arms; he was then about four years old."
1785, June 18 Saturday. At Catalina.
Child's people hauled their salmon-net, which was at the head of the south-west arm, and had a salmon; they gave me half of it.
1785, June 21 Tuesday At Catalina.
"We made use of Mr. Child's house as usual, but always slept on board."
*Captain James Childs at Catalina, for Charles Childs Esq., of Gosport, Hampshire.
*Charles Childs of Gosport, Hampshire. Sold his Halls Bay Salmonry in 1772, to his Servant, Rousell.

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Notable events in the history of Newfoundland six thousand ... 1900.
Oct 24, 1794. Lieutenant Lawry killed in the streets of St. John's while pressing eight men to join the ship "Boston", Captain Morris.
March 19th, 1833. William Thomas presented a bill to the Assembly allowing dissenting clergymen to marry people; and also a bill to legalize marriages formerly performed by them.

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https://www.academia.edu/3770475/The_Murder_of_Lieutenant_Lawry_A_Case_Study_of_British_Naval_Impressment_in_Newfoundland_1794">The Murder of Lieutenant Lawry: A Case Study of British Naval Impressment in Newfoundland, 1794

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Kaleidoscope echoes, being historical, philosophical, scientific and theological sketches from the miscellaneous writings of the Rev. Philip Tocque.
Edited by his daughter Annie S.W. Tocque. Published: 1895. Author: Tocque, Philip, 1814-1899.
Page 245.
"Of the whole race of the Red Indians only two are known to have been brought to adopt the mode of civilized life. Their names were William June and Thomas August, so named from the months in which they were taken. They were both taken young. One of them went master of a fishing boat for many years out of Catalina."
*Other sources provide the names William June, & John August.
*John August is reported to have been captured in 1768, at the Exploits River. He died aged 38 years, at Catalina? Then in the employ of "Jeffrey & Street".
*William June drowned at Fogo, aged 20 years? He was called John Cousin's Indian Boy.

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Labrador: its discovery, exploration, and development. By W, G, Gosling. London. 1810.
page 341 & 342.
"In 1806 the principal merchants of Conception Bay presented a memorial to Governor Holloway calling his attention to the actions of the Americans who visited Labrador, declaring that they were indefatigable in their endeavors to entice away fishermen and servants of the merchants, and were connivers and abbetors in robbery and fraud. Among other instances given was that of a crew who had been furnished with a brig and supplies of all sorts by the firm of Goss, Chauncy, and Ledgard, of Carbonier, and who fished at Camp Islands, Labrador. Owing to inducements offered them by the captain of an American vessel, they sold their catch of fish and all the gear of the brig to him, left her to go to pieces on the rocks, and all went off to America."
page 383.
"The Jersey firms, who had been from the earliest times largely interested in the Newfoundland trade, were among the first to embark extensively in the fishery in the Straights. The most important of them was De Quetteville and Co., having three or four stations. Le Boutillier Brothers were also prominent at an early date."

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Classified digest of the records of the Society for the Propagation ... 1893, London. Page 93.
On his way to Twillingate in 1817 the Rev. J. Leigh visited Fogo, where he found a small church, and the service regularly performed by an old man aged 78, who had a salary of 16 Pounds from the Government. The venerable old man had performed baptisms on the Children. Mr. Leigh was the first clergyman that ever appeared on Fogo Island, and deemed it advisable, not to re-baptize the Children. Reference: Annual Report of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1817, pages 47/8.
*Rev. J. Leigh served Twillingate and Fogo, 1817-1818. Harbor Grace, 1819-1822.
Was migration from Conception Bay to Notre Dame Bay encouraged by Rev. James Leigh, circa 1820?

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PCC Will of Dame Charlotte Cecilia otherwise Cecilia Charlotte Pynn, Wife of Cheltenham ,... ( Wife of Sir Henry Pynn )
PROB 11/2110/240
Will of Dame Charlotte Cecilia otherwise Cecilia Charlotte Pynn, Wife of Cheltenham , Gloucestershire
Date: 09 March 1850

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