Province Wide - Trinity Bay / Conception Bay
Newfoundland extractions from Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series
1574 - 1660. London, 1860.Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, January 2022. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors. Always compare with the original, when possible.
Vol 3. Page 75. August 8, 1625. Mayor of Poole to the Privy Council. Unless measures are taken, the Newfoundland fleet of 250 sail, having on board four or five thousand men of the western parts, will be surprised by the Turkish pirates. The Mayor of Plymouth writes that there are general fears for the ships from Virginia and Newfoundland. Twenty-seven ships and 200 persons had been taken by Turkish pirates in ten days.
Vol 4. Page 86. Nov 2, 1627. William Payne ( A London member of the Newfoundland Company ) writing to Lady Conway. Wishes that Lord Conway, or some of his; would come in for a proportion in the lot of St. John's at Newfoundland, well known to be the chief and prime lot in the whole country. Some houses have already been built. Advises Lord Conway to address a letter to John Slaney, the Governor. Lord Baltimore on his return may get some proportion in that lot.
Page 92. June 27, 1628. Dr. James Meadus to Katherine Viscountess Conway. Mentions Mr. Paine, John Slaney. Hopes of mines of iron and silver in Newfoundland; present profit by fishing, furs, and sarsaparilla.
Vol 9. Page 246. Feb 23, 1637. Trinity House, Ratcliff. Report of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity House to the Privy Council. Have called before them certain merchant traders of Newfoundland... Are informed that those who attempted to settle there never thrived, as Lord Baltimore, Capt. Mason, [John] Guy of Bristol, and other men...
*The Scottish undertakers, together with the Newfoundland Company.
Newfoundland Discovered: English Attempts at Colonisation, Gillian T. Cell · 2021
In 1617 the area around St. John's had been granted by the Newfoundland company to a group of merchants, including William Payne of London, who later became a member of the company's council. In 1627 Payne tried to interest Secretary ...
Exploring Atlantic Transitions: Archaeologies of Transience. Peter Edward Pope, Shannon Lewis-Simpson · 2013
William Payne was an investor in the Newfoundland Company and sat on its council. In 1617 he and his associates were granted all the land around St John's and north to Conception Bay.
The Oldest City: The Story of St. John's, Newfoundland - Paul O'Neill · 2003
Page 15. 1616 a man named William Payne put in a tender for the St. John's lot.
*Payne was a partner in the St. John's lot and had been appointed a member of the Newfoundland Company's council in 1618. P.R.O., CO 1/1, f 123.
Calendar of State Papers, Domestic series, of the Reign of Charles I. 1634 - 1635. London, 1864.
Page 527. Feb 28, 1634/5. Southampton. 95. Nicholas Pescod to Sir William Uvedale. Has victualled and rigged two ships for a Newfoundland voyage, at the cost of 2,500 Pounds. The officers of the King's ships lying at Portsmouth have pressed about 20 of the ablest men in his ships [ splitters ], which will prove the ruin of his voyage, and his undoing. Begs his assistance for the release of these men. His ships are the "Plantation" of 500 Tons, and the "Virgin" of about 70 Tons. *March 3, 1634/5. Whitehall. Warrant for release.
Calendar of state papers, Colonial series ... preserved in the Public Record Office v.9 1675-1676. Published 1676.
Calendar of State Papers. Colonial series : America And West Indies. 1675-1676. London, 1893.
Page 157. By a Report of Sir Orl. Bridgman and Sir Henry Finch, 1660, the first Patent was found good to Lord Baltimore, and an order of the King's to restore Avalon by the Kirks, to Lord Baltimore.
Newfoundland: 1675/6. The Western Men would have none stay behind them, but all return yearly, etc. Others wished for a Plantation and to be settled; 1000 able seamen remained in Newfoundland the winter of 1670/71; they remaining make 1/3 of the fetch that is made. ( 1/3 of the dried Codfish, corefish, mudfish, train oil, etc. Commodities carried out to Newfoundland and the produce of the Fishery fetched off. Ie: Newfoundland not settled as a proper colony. ) The Boat keepers provide themselves with provisions from New England and Ireland, not England... The country not being improvable to sustain the planters, they must fetch; victuals elsewhere. ( Not being improvable by English laws. *See Page 68, CO 194/23, as below here; in papers for 1731. ) Three voyages made a landsman, a good seaman. Page 160/161. In the process of time ( from the 1633 Order of Council that vessels must bring home all their men for the King's service, etc. ) some irregular people stayed in the country in winter. By the negligence of those that ought to have prevented it, as carrying of private persons, and foremost boat keepers, upon the ships from home. As in the late years 1/3 of the fish caught was caught by the people remaining there. And in the late wars the seamen absconded thither; there are now 1000 seamen possibly. At last it will come to this; that we shall only send to buy their fish, send ships to carry it to market, and it will be no more ours, than that of New England is.
Page 162. May 3, 1677. 1200 Planters in Newfoundland. 150 families, 1700 Persons, some now living there that were born there, and one above 60 years of age.
[ *May it then be proposed: that Nicholas Guy born March 1613 at Cupids, was a resident at Carbonear in 1677. Aged circa 64 years. ]
Page 189. March 31, 1675. Southampton. Thomas Farr, Mayor; to the Committee of Council for Trade and Plantation. The masters last year at Newfoundland positively affirm that five ships of St. Malo were laden at Bonavista and Trinity Bay, and that as many more are this year designed under the disguise of Jerseymen, to the great prejudice of English navigation.
*Exploring Alantic Transitions : Archaeologies of Transience. Peter Edward Pope, Shannon Lewis-Simpson · 2013
Page 220. In the 1698 Census, a single Planter is recorded at Cupids. Norris, 1698.
*Circa 1654, Bonavista. Uncle John Wakeham Jr., the firstborn child there. He became deceased in the 1730's. (Per George Davis' 1764 letter, to James Cook. )
Calendar of State Papers. COLONIAL PAPERS. Vol 38. 1731. America AND THE WEST INDIES. London, 1938.
Page xxvii. ...that primitive community [ Newfoundland ] only existed on sufferance and was never regarded as a proper colony.
Page 68. [ CO 194/23. Page 147. ] Nov 26, 1730. Petition of Trinity Bay, & Bay de Verde, Newfoundland inhabitants; to his Majesty. To be permitted to cultivate land for food production, and erect churches, etc. March 15, 1730/1731. Received in by the Committee of Trade, from Jeremiah Topps of Southampton, Barrister at Law. Jeremiah Topps, Samuel Farwell. and David Durrell, were suggestions for possible depositions, by the Committee for Trade and Plantations.
Notes: Folk having "made their mark" for their signature on the “original petition”, are noted with a X after their name, “within this transcription”. All of these folk most likely sailed "Out of Poole, Dorset"; or "Out of Ireland", on the passage from Poole to Newfoundland. ( Some folk's names have italic information inserted after their names, indicating possible connection or association. “This is additional information, and not included on the original petition!” ) Plural of these name’s British origins may be suggested. Like Strong - Poole, Verge - Christchurch, Seymour – Sopley?, etc. Collateral info may be gleaned variously, for some names.
John Francis X; William Martin X; Samuel Farwell, Poole, Dorset; John Burt; Luke Pitt; James Bulclerk; James Medcalf; George Tilly; James Croucher, Pottle, Croucher, and Harris, at English Harbour, 1753, Harris/Hares/Ayres; James Bartlett; John Barrett; Robert Davis X; Samuel Selby; Henry Elliott, Poole, Dorset; John Wright; John Chubb, 1677, Brian Chubb at Trinity in a ship; John Mullens, Admiral; John Stone, Inhabitor; Eli Spencer, Spencer surname at Trinity North, 1800; James King X; Redmond Barry; Richard Lacon; Percy Welsh, John Welsh at Trinity North, 1753; William Janes X, Thomas Janes at Trinity West, 1753; Richard Lane X, Doctor Lane at Trinity South, 1753; Thomas Williams; James Vrrey, Urry, Hampshire? *Thomas Urry at Bonavista, 1675; Thomas Rooke X, ( Reeks/Rex? ); Robert Farwell, Poole, Dorset; Richard Burt; George Strong, Thomas Strong at Trinity West, 1753; William Corben, 1675, 1682, & 1708, Corbin at Old Perlican; Robert Bown ( Bound ), Thomas Bown at Bonaventure, 1753; Thomas Verge, John Verge at Trinity West, 1753; Dennis Bryen; Stephen Trill, ( Atrill? ); Brient West X, Captain Thomas West at Trinity North, 1753; Robert Dee? X, ( Dean? ); Richard Davis; John Hopkins; John Davis, Christchurch; John Seymour; D. Pardy; Thomas Roberts X; John Bishop X; Abraham Galler, ( Gawler? ); Obediah Archer? X, Robert Archer at Trinity West, 1753. *Surname Archer/Orchard occurs at Wimborne Minister, and locale; James Strong; Jeremiah Barter X; John Mainard; William Watts X; Thomas Watts X; Roger Poores X; Ones? Lipres Donvey X, Owen? *?Repeat entries? *Michael Donfey at Trinity North, 1753; John Gene X, 1675/1682 at Old Perlican, John Genge/Ginn; Matthew Kithell, ( Kitchell? ) ?( Nov 10, 1740. The "Clement", Ketcher, Newfoundland to England, carried into St. Sebastians. )?; Thomas Barnes X, Barnes at Trinity West, 1753; Ones? Lipres Donford X, Owen? *Martin Donford at Trinity North, 1753. ( Donford and Donfey, one and the same surname? ); Arthur Bartlett; William Poole X, William Powell at Trinity West, 1753; Henry Pottle; William Warren X; Richard Badrick/Baderick X; Peter Pew X; Patrick Fowler, at Salmon Cove, 1753; William Daw X, of Poole, Dorset?; William Wadam? X.
Signed by Inhabitants of Bay de Verde. Oct 16, 1730. William Bart; Robert Dandy X; Jeremiah Barter X; Benjamin Giffard X; Robert Mitchell X; Richard Deane?/Paine? X; Robert Freeman X; William Harris X.
*Blandford St Mary Marriages 1594-1754 Parish Registers. January, 1723/4. William Daw Mariner of Poole, wed Elizabeth Percy of Okford Fitzpaine.
*This William Daw appears to have made his signature on the Nov 26, 1730 Petition to His Majesty, from Trinity Bay, Newfoundland inhabitants.
*Poole, Dorset, Marriages: 1685 – 1721. Jun 9, 1689. Robert Dawe married Elinor White. Consider the White family of Poole, at Trinity Bay.
*Robert Dawe wed Margaret Wadham, Mar 3, 1771, at Poole. William Wadam signed his name on the Nov 26, 1730 petition, as above.
*The Daw family of Sturminster Marshall Parish registers, Lychett Minister parish registers, Poole parish registers, Hamworthy Peninsula residence, Poole residence, etc., show otherwise associations with Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. There is no realized connection to the Port de Grave Daw family. If one were seeking a possible connection, a search of the Sturminster Marshall Parish chest, might be wise. "Hamworthy, a chapelry, in the parish of Sturminster-Marshall, borough and union of Poole, hundred of Cogdean." A pertinent question: Can "any" connection/association be demonstrated, between the Port de Grave Daw family and the Hamworthy Peninsula Daw family?
Pages 205-208. 331. July 28, 1731. Squirrel. St. John's. Capt. Osborn. ...It is now the practice of the masters of ships to bring over to the island transported felons instead of Irish servants. ...An unhappy instance of the villains that are here already happened at Muskitta, in Conception Bay, where a woman and four children ( being all in the house who could speak ) were in a most barbarous manner murdered in one night, and the committers of the fact not yet found out. Signed: Henry Osborn. Received 8th Sept., 1731.
333. July 29, 1731. Salisbury. St. John's. Governor Clinton announces his arrival on June 30th. ...The most cruel and barbarous murder that has been committed at Muskitta, I leave to Capt. [ Henry ] Osborn to give an account of etc... ...it [ keeping the criminal and civil issues for JP's etc., separate from the Fishery issues concerning the Admirals. ] will be a very difficult task, by the obstructions the Justices and the civil power meet with from the Admirals, by their taking upon them much more privilege than the Act directs etc. ( Refers to enclosure. ) Continues: That Joel Davis was a vain fellow, and had no ship, which with humble submission to their Lords, made it worse, but he is since dead... Signed: George Clinton. Received 8th Sept., 1731.
333. i. Warrant by the following: "deputed by Capt. Samuel Thurman, Chief [Fishing] Admiral [of Musketta], and Capt. John Field, Vice Admiral, to see justice done in their absence" etc., To: John Goss for the arrest of John Jones, who has not paid for his passage from Bristol and has privily forsaken his master's service etc. Dated at the Admiralty Office in Muskitto, 31st May, 1731. Warrant signed: Joel Davis, Deputy Admiral. R. Brown, Rear Admiral. *Received with Commodore Clinton's letter of 29th July, 8 Sept., 1731.
CO 194/9. Page 128. "Whereas John Jones late of the City of Bristol has come passenger on Board the "Willing Mind" Brig, properly belonging to Captain John Davis Merchant in Bristol, & has not made a recompense for his passage either by labour or otherwise. Moreover, that the said John Jones has after a Clandestine manner privily forsook his master's service before he made Recompense for his passage. I Captain Joel Davis being deputed in the Room of Captain Samuel Thurman, Chief Admiral, & Captain John Field, Vice Admiral; to see Justice done in their absence: do together with Captain Richard Brown Rear Admiral, Empower and Authorize John Goss to Apprehend the body of John Jones aforesaid, & him so apprehended to bring before me or any other Admiral of this harbour where he has been deficient in the performance of his duty. Or the Admirals of Harbour Grace. For which they shall be your sufficient Power. Dated in the Admiralty Office in Muskitto, this thirty first day of May, 1731. Signed and Sealed by Joel Davis and Richard Brown.
333. ii. Order by Governor Clinton. St. John's. 12th July, 1731. Whereas I find by preceding warrant, you have assumed an authority of impowering people to see justice ( as you call it ) done in your absence; I can impute it to nothing but your ignorance etc., of what power the Act does give you, and to the pride of that Joel Davis, who I suppose, ( by the character I had of him ) has put you upon this piece of folly. I have kept it to shew the Lords Commissioners of Trade, the insolence of your behaviour. These are therefore strictly ordering you to recall all such power as you are have presumed to give etc. Signed: George Clinton. CO 194/9 ff 126, 126a, 127a-129a.
Aug 17, 1724. CO 5/1223. Captain Richard Brown on the "James", Snow, 7-/8/2, of Bristol. Owners: Richard Farr/John Stevens. New York - Newfoundland with provisions and lumber.
*Consider John Davis and Joan Stevens.
1732. CO 194/8 Richard Farr of Bristol, anti JP's.
April 3, 1773. Richard Farr ships 10 barrels of rice Bristol to Newfoundland, on the "Polly". ( Captain Clements. )
Lloyd's List, April 16, 1773, edition. Sailed from Bristol for Newfoundland, the vessel "Polly", Captain Clements. *For: J. Elton? April 23, arrived at Waterford. July 27, arrived at Newfoundland, in company with Captain Heighington. Arrived at Bristol on Dec 31, 1773.
July 27, 1775. Bristol Press. Richard Farr & Sons ship 120 barrels of wheat flour to Newfoundland, on the "Elton".
*In 1773, the "Elton", Captains Bromley, & Ward; for J. Elton. In 1775, Captain Ward.
1729. Joel Davis owned the "Increase", 100/12/10. Of Bristol. Captain Richard Brown. *In 1731 the intended voyage was Bristol - Newfoundland - Mediterranean.
1732. Richard Brown, Captain on the "Susannah", 50/9/2, Bristol – Newfoundland. A Topsham Captain.
July, 1734. Admiralty 7/80. John Davis, Captain of the vessel "Increase", 100/12/10, Bristol - Newfoundland - Mediterranean
June, 1737. Admiralty 7/82. John Davis Captain of the "Increase" 100/10 of Bristol, Newfoundland - Mediterranean.
1738. John Davis, on the "Increase". Captain James Mathias. New York from Newfoundland in ballast. August, Newfoundland from New York.
*In ballast. “No cargo available. Nothing profitable, from which to make up a cargo.”
1730. Admiralty 7/134. Captain Samuel Thurman of the "St. Joseph", 70 Tons/12 Men, of Bristol, at St. John's. To Lisbon & the Mediterranean.
CO 5/1225. Jul 14, 1730. Samuel Thurman Captain of the "St. Joseph", a Snow of Bristol, owner: John Davis. New York-Newfoundland with 44 & 1/2 tons of provisions, 250 staves, 12 hogsheads of Molasses, 10 barrels of tar. ( June 29, New York from Newfoundland, in ballast. )
Feb, 1731. Admiralty 7/78. John Field, Captain of the "Susannah", 50 Tons/10 Men, Bristol - Newfoundland - Mediterranean.
Further Dr. Keith Matthews name file entries, reveal captains Samuel and Edward Thurman, out to Newfoundland, during the 1730's/1740's. Samuel also in the 1750's.
1740. Samuel Thurman, listed of Bridport. ( Out of Bridport? ). Captain of the "Triumvirate", 80/10, Bristol to Newfoundland.
Mar 14 - Apr 11, 1716. Shippers by the "Triumvirate", Mr. John Davis, bound from Bristol for New England: William Perk(e)s, Anthony Varder. ( PRO: E 190/1179/2 )
CO 1/1222 April, 1717, John Edwards of Bristol, John Davis, and Daniel Peirce of Ireland, owned the "Triumvirate", ship, 59 Tons/10 Men. New York to Newfoundland with provisions. Rum, Molasses.
Lloyd's List, Feb 13, 1740, edition. Arrived at Bristol, from Lisbon, the vessel "Triumvirate", Captain ?
Lloyd's List, Oct 13, 1741, edition. Arrived at Newfoundland, from Bristol, the vessels "Windsor", Clap?; "Triumvirate"; "Virgin", Holbrook?; and "Elizabeth".
Lloyd's List, Nov 14, 1741, edition. Arrived at Bristol, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Triumvirate", Captain Shurmar. [ Captain Thurman. ]
Lloyd's List, Aug 23, 1751, edition. Arrived at Newfoundland, from Bristol, the vessel "Patsey", Captain Thurman.
Lloyd's List, January 27, 1746, edition. Arrived at Madeira, from Bristol, the vessel "Jamaica Packet", Captain Holbrook.
Lloyd's List, March 1, 1747, edition.
Arrived at Bristol, from Jamaica, the vessel "Virgin", Captain Holbrook.
Lloyd's List, May 12, 1747, edition. The 'Jamaica Packet", Captain Holbrook, from Bristol to Jamaica, is taken and carried into Martinique.
*May 17, 1677. The following apprenticed in Bristol: Evan Phillips to John Holbrooke, 4 years Newfoundland, by the "Hopewell".
*?John Holbrooke died in Port Royal, Jamaica, 1688/9?
George Garland; and Captain Samuel Thurman, who had captained for many years to Newfoundland for John Davis; was enjoined to collect debts owing to John Davis at Newfoundland. These debts were collected via fish and oil shipped to Lisbon.
Did the Carbonear Garland family originate at East Lulworth, Dorset?
A Charles Edwards wed Elizabeth Field on Aug 27, 1727, at St. Phillip and St. Jacob's Church, Bristol.
PCC Will of John Davis, of Bristol, made on July 18, 1737. Probated at London, on January 3, 1739. *Mentions Charles Edwards of Newfoundland.
One may be inclined to consider whether some or most of the names surrounding Captain John Davis of Carbonear, were associated with Protestant Dissenters.
It being more difficult to glean info on such individuals, such a question is raised. Did the Davis family have Topsham dissenting roots?
Richard Farr, rented off Thomas Goldney at Bristol, in 1768. It may appear that Richard Farr was a Society of Friends member? And trusted with Samuel Davis' well being, after his father John Davis, had become deceased.
John Davis' well beloved friend Joseph Jones, per his PCC Will of July, 1737, was of the Society of Friends.
In 1749 Thomas Goldney was a debtor to Isaac Elton... They had plural financial transactions, over time.
April, 1755. Thomas Goldney appears to purchase Captain Thrall's house at Clifton.
Thomas Goldney recorded the death of fellow Quaker Samuel Hunt on August 16, 1741. Apparent father to Stephen Hunt, the Newfoundland sea captain.