The Bristol Newfoundland Merchant Adventurers And Captains, mid-1700's.

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Bristol Newfoundland Merchant Adventurers & Captains, mid-1700's.

Supplemental Endnotes for The Bristol Newfoundland Merchant Adventurers And Captains, During Mid 1700's Era.
Originally contributed by David Anstey, August, 2020.

These additional endnotes pertaining substantially to Bristol, Gloucestershire; & Harbour Grace, Conception Bay. Additional lines mostly pertinent to Conception Bay, are interlined. Re: merchant Roberts of Liverpool, captain Andrews of Exon, Channel Islands details, etc.

Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, October, 2020. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors.

Prominent individuals and merchants of Harbour Grace, CB, included Bristol merchant Isaac Hobhouse; Henry Pynn, Newfoundland merchant/captain; John Davis, captain; Bristol merchants “family Elton”; Jacob Player; James Harford; Conway Heighington; John Clements; etc. Waterford merchant, James Mulloney. Cork merchant, John Collins. Among others.

Lloyd's List Sep 7, 1750, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Newfoundland, the vessels "Gloucester", Baker; and "Mary-Ann", Carbery. (Bristol captains.)

Lloyd's List Nov 20, 1750, edition. Arrived at Leghorn, from Newfoundland, the vessels "Swift", Brooks; and "Delight", Carbery. (Poole/Bristol captains.)

Lloyd's List July 5, 1751, edition. Arrived at Newfoundland from Bristol, the vessels, "Industry", Maloney; "Mary Ann", Carbery; "William", Baker; etc. (Bristol captains.)

Lloyd's Register, 1764. *****"Mary", 120 Tons, 12 Men. N. Mallet, London to Lisbon and America. For: Le Briton. (Mallet/Millet)

*London to Lisbon, would likely include the lading port of Newfoundland, for codfish. To America with refuse fish? For Newfoundland victuals?

Lloyd's Register, 1768. "Polly", Brig, 60 Tons. Richard Daveys(Davis), Newfoundland to Bristol. For: J. Elton. (*Davis the out voyage. John Clements captained the voyage back. Bristol to Newfoundland. For: J. Elton. )

"Recovery", Brig, 60 Tons. Christopher Edwards, Bristol to Lisbon. For: Jacob Player. (Of the Society of Friends.) (Captain James Ball replaced captain Edwards for this voyage.)

"Recovery", Brig, 110 Tons, Captain Edmund Carberry, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: Edmund Gomond.

Lloyd's List, Mar 31, 1769, edition. Sailed from Bristol for Newfoundland, the "Recovery", Captain Christopher Edwards; and the "Betsey", Captain Clements.

Lloyd's List, Apr 14, 1769, edition. Sailed from Waterford for Newfoundland, the "Weston", Captain Aylward; and the "Betsy", Captain Clements.

Lloyd's Register, 1768. "Weston", Schooner, 50 Tons, Captain John Alward, Newfoundland to Bristol. For: Edmund Gomund.

Lloyd's List, Jul 24, 1772, edition. Arrived at Newfoundland, from Bristol, the vessels: "Elton", Captain Heighington; "Britannia", Captain Danson; & "Polly", Captain Clements.

Lloyd's List, Dec 8, 1772, edition. Arrived at Waterford, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Britannia", Captain Harris. (Captain Steven Harris. Out of Waterford.)

Lloyd's List, Apr 16, 1773, edition. Sailed from Bristol for Newfoundland, the vessels: "Polly", Captain Clements; & "Britannia", Captain Harris.

Lloyd's List, Jan 8, 1773. Arrived at Waterford, from Bristol, the vessel "Polly", Captain Clements.

Lloyd's List, May 11, 1773. Sailed from Waterford for Newfoundland, the vessel "Providence", Captain Marshall.

Lloyd’s Lists, May 3, 1774. Sailed from Waterford for Newfoundland, the vessel "Polly", Captain Clements. (John Clements. Captain & Co. Sometimes Captain John Alward.)

Lloyd's List, May 7, 1776. Sailed from Waterford for Newfoundland, the vessels: "Providence", Captain Edwards and the "Harbour Grace Pqt.", Captain Clements, for himself.

Lloyd's List, Dec 13, 1776, edition. Arrived at Waterford, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Clifton", Captain Bryan.

Lloyd's Register, 1776. "Clifton", Brig, 130 Tons, Cornelius Brian, Newfoundland to Bristol. For: Conway Heighington.

"Harbour Grace Packet", Snow, 140 Tons, John Clements, Bristol to Newfoundland, Captain & Co. (Earlier John Clements for Jacob Elton. Now for himself.)

*****"Jane", Brig, 100 Tons, 10 Men. John Le Suer, London to Jersey. For: Nicholas Fiott. (Newfoundland an interim lading port?)

*****"Lion", Brig, 120 Tons, E. Marshall, Dartmouth to Newfoundland. For: John Whitty.

*****"Mermaid", Brig, 60 Tons, 11 Men. Philip Amy, Jersey to Cork. For: Peter Millet/Mallet.

"Polly", Brig, 60 Tons, J. Clements crossed out. (John Alward inserted), Waterford to Newfoundland. Captain & Co. (Captain Alward for Bristol merchant John Clements.)

"Penelope", Brig, 140 Tons, Conway Heighington crossed out. (J. Bryan inserted.), Bristol to Newfoundland. Captain & Co. (Captain Bryan, for Heighington.)

"Providence", Ship, 140 Tons, James Ramsey/Christopher Edwards, Carolina to Bristol, to Newfoundland. For: Jacob Player. (Of the Society of Friends.)

"Providence", Brig, 70 Tone, (E. Marshall crossed out.) Thomas Danson, Dartmouth to Newfoundland. For: J. Whitty.

*****(Danson a Bristol captain sailing out of Dartmouth. Near the end of these current notes, we see Stephen Hunt of Bristol, sailing out of Liverpool.)

There are Probates for surname Hunt, in the Consistory Court of Bristol.

*****"Sally", Ship, 40 Tons, J. Gorman, Dartmouth to Newfoundland. For: John Whitty.

Lloyd's List Nov 7, 1777, edition. *****Arrived at Jersey, from Newfoundland, the vessel: "Mary", Captain [ John ] Tocque.

Lloyd's Register, 1778. Hope", Snow, 120 Tons, I. Lewis, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: Thomas Danson.

"Success", Schooner, 40 Tons, J. Thomey, Waterford to Newfoundland. Captain & Co.

*****City of Derry, Brig, 120 Tona, 11 Men. John Bishop crossed out. P. Mauger, Jersey to Newfoundland. For: Michael Lempriere.

*****"Seaflower", Brig, 70 Tons, John Fileul, Jersey to Ireland. For: B. Janverin.

(Fileul's Voyage, most likely included Newfoundland. "All" ports visited, often not included in Lloyd's Lists and Registers.)

*****"Southampton", Brig, 130 Tons, 11 Men. J. Le Sueur, Jersey to Newfoundland. For: Nicholas Fiott. Built in America in 1767.

Lloyd's Register, 1781. "Harbour Grace Packet", Snow, 140 Tons, Cummins, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: John Clements. (*Cummins a Dartmouth Captain?)

Lloyd's Register, 1782. "Polly", Brig, 60 Tons, J. Cleve, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: John Clements.

Lloyd's Register, 1784. "Jenny", Schooner, 50 Tons, J. Parsons, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: John Clements. ("Jenny", built at Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, in 1783.)

*Lloyd's Register, 1786. "Jenny" captains were J. Parsons, William Fowler(s). *Lloyd's Register, 1787. Captains Arch Hill, W. Fowler.

Lloyd's Register, 1789. "Harbour Grace Packet", Snow, 140 Tons, J. Harding, Bristol to Newfoundland. For: John Clements.

Lloyd's List, Nov 2, 1784, edition. Arrived at Waterford, from Newfoundland, the vessel "Ann", Captain Mullown(e)y.

Lloyd's Register, 1784. "Ann", Sloop, 45 Tons, Mulloney, Waterford to Newfoundland. For: Captain & Co. Ie: himself.

*Walter & James Mullown(e)y of Waterford. (Maloney/Mulloney). Later including William Mullowney. (1761) The "Duke of Tuscanny", Captain Malone...for Isaac Elton of Bristol. In 1774, James Mullowney shipped clothing to Newfoundland on the "Penelope, 140 Ton Brig. Owned by Conway Heighington. In 1775 James shipped victuals to Newfoundland on the "King of Naples", 250 Ton Snow, Captain John Studdy, for Isaac Elton Junior. As well James Mullowney was a captain himself, in this era. Sent vessels Waterford to Harbour Grace, to market. In 1777, James shipped via the "Charlotte", 120 Tons, Captain Isaac Mathews, for John Noble. In 1788 James Mullowney and John Thomey owned the 144 Ton Brig. "Friendship".

1788. John Thomey and Darbery Hartery, business partners.

*"Exporters" Bristol to Newfoundland, April 3, 1790. On the vessel, "Morning Star", C. Baker, Master. (E. Player, Thomas Lewis, James Mullowney, James Bombanous, Johnathan Nash, and John Davis.)

*In 1702 Richard But(t)(s) was an "importer" into Poole, Dorset, as seen below in this file.


*Ship owners and freighters used the legal instrument of Charterparty, to enable voyages. The charterparty was commonly used at Bristol.

Bristol Record Office, Ref no: 44352/6/3/1. Title: Draft charterparty. Date: March 1776.

Parties: 1 Jacob Player and William Gaynor, merchants. 2 Thomas Danson, merchant.

Relating to a voyage by the ship 'Providence' from Bristol to Waterford (Ireland), Harbour Grace (Newfoundland) and Naples (Italy). Consideration: £200 and 3 shillings per quintal of fish loaded in Harbour Grace.

Bristol Record Office, Ref no: 44352/6/3/4. Title: Draft charterparty. Date: 11 March 1790.

Parties: 1 James Brooks, merchant [ Poole - Bay of Bulls merchant. ] 2 James Mullowney, merchant.

Relating to a voyage by the brig 'Pomona' from Bristol to Waterford (Ireland) and Harbour Grace (Newfoundland). Consideration: £225.

Lloyd's Register, 1790. "Pomona", Brig, 138 Tons, 13 Men. Voyage Poole to Newfoundland. Captain S. Pattick. For James Brooks. Built at Newfoundland in 1788.


1763. Michael Stretch of Harbour Grace leased a plantation to Elton & Co.

Was this the Mosquito Point, South Side, Harbour Grace, Plantation; which Conway Heighington apparently purchased off Isaac Elton, per his PCC Will?

1780, Harbour Grace. Ann Pynn (daughter of George Augustus Pynn & his wife Sarah ?); wed James Cowan.

Lloyd's Register, 1768.

Vessel "Nightingale", Snow, 150 Tons, Captain John Cox, London-Cork-(Harbour Grace), Newfoundland-Leghorn. For Barbaud & Co. Built in America in 1766.

*Captain John Cox and Martha Parsons, had a daughter Amelia/Milley baptized Dec 8, 1775, at Harbour Grace.


Annals of the Elton Family: Bristol Merchants & Somerset Landowners. Hardcover – Jan. 1 1994. By Margaret Ann Elton.


The Corporation of the Poor, Bristol, Gloucestershire. (*Some extracted names, of Newfoundland interest.)

1713. Treasurer. Jacob Elton Esq. 1714. Christopher Shuter, Esq., Governor. 1715. Anthony Swymmer, Esq., Governor. 1751. Governor, John Hobhouse. Deputy Governor, Edmond Gomond. 1769. Deputy Governor, Jacob Player.

*These merchants undoubtedly obtained overseas apprentices/indenturees, through the Corporation. Via the "Overseers of the poor", for the respective parishes.


*Jacob Player died 1787, a merchant of the Parish of St. George, 2 miles east of Bristol. A Bristol Society of Friends merchant. PCC Will of Jacob Player, Merchant of Saint George Bristol , Gloucestershire. 15 March 1788.

Rassegna Storica Toscana, Volumes 50-51. Leo S. Olschki, 2004 - Tuscany (Italy).

Sept 29, 1772. Arrived at Leghorn, from Harbour Grace, the vessel "Christopher", Captain Christopher Edwards. Out of Bristol.

For: James Harford? James Harford was a member of the Society of Friends at Bristol. As was Jacob Player of St. George, approximately 1 or 2 miles east of Bristol. James Harford, a major merchant, sent vessels to diverse parts of the globe.

*1675, Harbour Grace, Conception Bay. Thomas Player's family. Considering Jacob Player, does long term relationships apply, between the two?


A Description of the Exchange of Bristol: Wherein the Ceremony of Laying the ... By John Wood. 1765.

*A list of Bristol Subscribers at the beginning of the book. (Some names of Newfoundland interest. )

John Clements Esq. Jacob Elton Esq. Isaac Elton Esq. John Noble Esq.


The vessel "Elizabeth", 180 Tons, 12 four pounders. Owner John Noble of Bristol. Earlier Captain William Anstice of Bridgewater, Somerset. In 1779 the "Elizabeth captained by Isaac Matthews.

In 1779, Captain Isaac Matthews in company with the "Prosper", Captain William Butler, both of Bristol; retook the "Harbour Grace Packet", Captain Clements from Newfoundland. Whom had been taken by a French Privateer.

*This William Butler appears to be of Bristol. No connection realized to the Port de Grave, Newfoundland Butler family.

A William Boutilier witnessed the Jan 31, 1756 PCC Will of Sarah Smith, Widow of Bristol. Aka: William Butler.

Waterford/Cork Bristol associations permeated time. Gaelic surname Boutillier at Ireland was associated with Bristol, for centuries. Merchants/Traders/Captains.

This appears to be "separate" of the Le Boutillier/Botelor/Butler and family Snow association, Channel Islands to Newfoundland.

Lloyd's Register, 1776. "Hope", Snow, 120 Tons, 13 Men. Captain William Butler, Bristol to Cadiz to Bristol to Halifax. For: Captain & Co.

Lloyd's List, Feb 11, 1780, edition. The "Harbour Grace Pqt.", Captain Clements, with Fish from Newfoundland, last from Ireland, is retaken from the "Black Prince", by the "Elizabeth", a Bristol Letter of Marque.


Lloyd's Register, 1784. "Ann" 110 Ton Brig, Captain J. Clarke, Bristol to Labrador. For: John Noble. Any connection to captain Clarke of Poole, Dorset; who sailed Bristol to Conception Bay, circa 1700? Clarkes of Poole voyaged to Newfoundland, plurally, for Poole merchants. Reference 1776 Lloyd's Register.


Ireland and the Centenary of American Methodism: Chapters on the Palatines ... By William Crook. 1866.

Page 221. Among the first-fruits of Coughlan's ministry was Mr. Arthur Thomey, an intelligent Irish merchant, who was engaged in the fishing business at Harbour Grace.

In the year 1770, Coughlan's hands were strengthened by the arrival of another devoted Irishman... Mr. John Stretton of Waterford, son to Mr. John Stretton of Limerick, a prominent friend of Methodism in the early day.


The History of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society. George Gillanders Findlay, ‎William West Holdsworth - 1921. Page 263. Arthur Thomey, formerly of Dublin...

*Newfoundland Merchant/Captain John Thomey, appears associated with Waterford.


History of the Methodist Church Within the Territories Embraced in ..., Volume 1. By Thomas Watson Smith. 1877. Pages 64/65.

Balfour, transferred from Trinity Bay... arrived at Conception Bay, in October 1774, as Coughlan's successor. " Carbonear he had to contend with some "prejudices", as the inhabitants of that place were "Dissenters and Methodists...".

*Pike and Butt family were Carbonear Protestant Dissenters?


Roberts & Co. of Liverpool, initially at Harbour Grace. Later in the 1770's, noted at Brigus, Cupids, etc. Prominent merchant in 1770's.

Lloyd's Register, 1764. "Serviceable", 100 Tons, 10 Men. Captain Henry Roberts, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: Roberts & Co. (Hugh/Henry. Often the same, in records of the era. Sometimes Hugh/Humphrey.)

"Triton", 40 Tons, 7 Men, Captain Thomas Bradley, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: Roberts & Co. Built at Plantation in 1762.

Lloyd's Register, 1768. "Polly", Brig, 100 Tons. Captain Stephen Hunt, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: Roberts & Co. Built at Plantation in 1760.

(This appears to be a Bristol Captain, sailing "out of Liverpool", for Roberts & Co. Not a common theme. A Bristol charterparty?)

1769. Colonial Records. Mr. Hugh Roberts leased a room in Harbour Grace from Mrs. Ann Stretch.

1774. Tucker Receipt Book. Hugh Roberts & Co. of Liverpool and Harbour Grace. Port de Grave agent was Stephen Neck Junior.

*Hugh & John Roberts of Liverpool, "prominent" merchants.

Lloyd's Register, 1776. "Jenny", Brig, 130 Tons, 11 Men. Captain William Broadie, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: John Roberts & Co.

"Kitty", Snow, 200 Tons, 12 Men. Captain Thomas Bradley, Alicant to London. For Roberts & Co. Liverpool Transport vessel. Built in Newfoundland, in 1774.

"Susan", Brig, 100 Tons, 10 Men. Captain C. Christian, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: John Roberts.

"Three Sisters", Schooner, 50 Tons, 8 Men. Captain Stephen Neck, Liverpool to the Straits (of Gibraltar). For: John Roberts. Built at Newfoundland in 1771.

*"Three Sisters" Harbour Grace to Spain with 1200 Quintals of Codfish.

*This an incomplete 1776 listing.

Lloyd's Register, 1778. "Jenny", Brig, 130 Tons, 11 Men. Captain H. Roberts, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: Roberts & Co. Built at Boston in 1773.

Lloyd's Register, 1779. "Cupid", 300 Tons, 16 Men. Captain D. Fisher, Leghorn to London. For Roberts & Co. Built at Newfoundland in 1777.

"Cupid" at Harbour Grace in 1776. ?Registered in 1777? Built earlier?

Contribution of Methodism to Atlantic Canada. Edited by Charles H.H. Scobie, John Webster Grant. 1992. Page 62. (Circa 1770/1771, Harbour Grace.) a court case against Coughlan by the Roman Catholic merchant, Hugh Roberts.


PCC Will of Mary Ball, Widow of Bristol, Gloucestershire, July 30, 1751. PROB 11/788/490.

(Widow of James Ball, Sailmaker, of Marsh Street, St. Stephen's Parish. James also owned a tenement at Whitchurch, Somerset.)

- “I give to Mary the daughter of Captain Jacob Thrall the sum of 10 Pounds. To be paid her out of the Money due to me from Captain Henry Pynn when received, and not otherwise.”

- names 2 sons, Samuel and James Ball.

- names David Peloquin Esq., of Bristol, sole Executor of her Will.

- names Widow Smith, sister to Mrs. Ann James.

*Captain Henry Pynn died intestate in Oct, 1750; at Newfoundland.

*David Peloquin made a PCC deposition in 1752. For the London Administration of the Effects and Estate of Henry Pynn; of Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Jacob Thrawle and Robert Smith also made depositions, for the same 1752 Admon.

*Consider Payne/Pynn marriages at St. Nicholas Parish, Bristol. (In general: Paine/Pyne/Pine/Pane/etc.)

1753 Bristol Sheriffs: David Peloquin & John Clements.

1768 Lloyd's Register. Brig "Recovery", 60 Tons. Captain Christopher Edwards crossed out. Captain James Ball entered. Voyage: Bristol-Lisbon via Newfoundland port. For: Jacob Player.

Rassegna Storica Toscana, Volumes 50-51. Leo S. Olschki, 2004 - Tuscany (Italy).

Sep 29, 1772. Arrived at Leghorn, from Harbour Grace, the vessel "Christopher", Captain Christopher Edwards. Out of Bristol. (Per Lloyd's Register, 1776. The "Christopher", a 180 Ton Snow. For: James Harford.)

*A James Ball had a Nov, 1773 Bristol Consistory Court Admon. Grantee was Thomas Reeves.

*There are 1779 and 1784 Admons, for individuals named Christopher Edwards, in the same Court.


*Hugh Danson Esq., Park Street, Bristol, 1823.

*Henry William Danson, Bristol Newfoundland merchant, 1830.

*Thomas Danson of Liverpool, merchant, 1845.

*Hugh and Henry sometimes seen as the same individual. In circa 1700 era records. Hugh/Henry Rockett, Unitarian, at Poole, Dorset. Circa 1720. *Also Hugh/Humphrey.


The Register of Shipping, 1830.

In 1830 Captain Robert Prouse voyaged Bristol to Newfoundland for George Garland. Vessel "Maria", 184 Tons, 12 Men. ( Along with other captains and vessels, for Garland.)


Thomas Ridley, Thomas Harrison Ridley, & William Henry Ridley. Liverpool and Harbour Grace, 1870.


Instances of surname Harris, Bristol and Newfoundland, details.

PCC Will of Thomas Harris, Brewer of Bristol, Gloucestershire. 10 February 1666. PROB 11/319/313.

"... I do hereby give devise and bequeath unto my said Son Phillip Harris my tenement and ground called Newfoundland, which I have by grant from Israel Gle(e)son, Gent., ..."

*Phillip Harris, son of Thomas Harris, held land in St. Augustine The Less parish.

*Israel Gleeson, brother in Law to John Guy, held lands in St Augustine The Less parish.

Bristol indentures:

Servant Name, Servant's Destination, Servant's Ship, Servant's Date of Indenture, Agent's Name.

Lawrence Tanner, Newfoundland, Olive Branch, March 8 1679, Thomas Harris.

*Thomas Edwards was also a 1679 agent for servants William Allen, & Thomas Boone, on the "Olive Branch".

*Surname Harris in Newfoundland generally has superior connections with Dartmouth/Exon.

*William Harris sailed Poole to Newfoundland for Neave & Co, 1770's.

*Steven Harris, sailed Waterford to Newfoundland, 1770's.


*Butt surname notes: Poole, Canford Magna, Wimborne Minster.

Could Roger Butt of early Conception Bay, have had any connection with the sailing port of Poole?

1702. Poole, Dorset; Port books. John Masters imports oil for Richard But on the ship "William", Captain Alexander Smith.

CO 194/2 Page 175. Captain Graydon's 1701 State of the Fishery for Newfoundland. Captain Alexander Smith out of Poole, Dorset. At Bonavista in the sack ship "Rotterdam Merchant", of 60 Ton & 7 Men, bound to Bilboa. 1500 quintals.

*Thus a Richard But(t) had Newfoundland train oil imported into Poole, for his use/business or resale; in 1702.

(Did Richard But(t)(s) leave a Last Will and Testament? What was Richard Butt's occupation?)

PCC Will of Roger Butt of Crocker’s Cove, Carbonear. Will made on April 21st, 1693. Probated at London, on Jan 23, 1701. "Seventhly I give unto my Cousin Richard the Sum of five pounds." (Cousin Richard But(t), is likely.)

(A) Richard But(t) wed Joane Eldridge, 1677, at Wimborne Minster. Family Eldridge Wimborne non conformists?

Was there any Richard Butt otherwise in the local area, at the time? (Not all Wimborne Parish register entries, are in the public eye.) Forename Roger is "prolific", at Wimborne Minster.

Canford Magna Settlement Examination. Ref No PE-CAM/OV/4/5/23. Date: 7 Jan 1755.

Settlement Examination of John Batt, seafaring man, who states that he was born in Newfoundland, and gives the names of the captains of the ships he served on from Poole and the Isle of Wight. [signed John Butt].

Canford Magna 1861 Census. District 1.

Schedule # 25. Location, Illegible. William BUTT, Head of household, Married, age 50. Aged Labourer. Born at Wimborne. Reference: RG1339-9 F21p5.

Schedule # 25. Location, Illegible. Mary Ann BUTT, Wife, Married, age 46. Born at Wimborne. Reference: RG1339-9 F21p5.

*William Butt, a Wimborne Draper, 1791.

*Poole, Dorset, records:

Poole Borough Quarter Sessions: Ref No DC-PL/C/B/9/301. Surety: John Butt, labourer. Sep 4, 1766.

Poole, Dorset Court Records. Ref No: DC-PL/C/A/2/377. Title: Summons to John Butt. Apr 6, 1769.

Poole Borough Quarter Sessions: Ref No DC-PL/C/B/9/1097. Complainant: John Butt. April 4, 1832.

Poole Borough Court Records:

DC/PL/C/A/2/917 Papers concerning the case Thomas Stickland vs Robert Butt. Apr/May, 1806.

DC/PL/C/A/2/1101 Papers concerning the case Samuel Goss vs Joseph Butt. Oct 14, 1822.

*Administration books and miscellaneous probate records for the Central District, Newfoundland. 1798-1937. BOX 1: Administration and probate of wills books, 1798-1813 (3 vols., first vol. is indexed). FHL Film # 2142920 Image # 363. The Probate of Francis Squires, Dec, 1808. Of Canada Bay, Newfoundland. Mentions money in the hands of Mr. Butt(s), of Wimborne. *Canada Bay adjacent to Englee, Northern Peninsula.

1807. Dorset Record Office. Mr. Butt in Newfoundland took a Wimborne apprentice John Lambert.

1811. Wimborne poor accounts. Mr. Butt at Wimborne fitted out 2 parish boys to go to Newfoundland.

Depending on the hometown’s original parochial register’s comprehensive entries, one may practically accept spellings like But, Butt, Butts. Consider gradual morphing over the decades and centuries. Different recorders, some having different dialects. Migrations, etc. In similar manner, Daw(e)(s), Doust. A good understanding of the parish registers, vestry, and chest, may be suggested. (Non conformist children may not “all” have been baptized within the Church of England. And thus may not show in the Registers.


*An early Peter Russell, and a later? Peter Squires, in Conception Bay. (Coincidence?) Any consideration of Russell/Rowsell/Squires association. Including intermarriage, at CB, circa 1800 era. Peter Russell_Greenock?? Benjamin Squires_Anthony Varder.

Newfoundland Northern District, Supreme Court Probate Register, Harbour Grace. 1805 - 1825. Jan 18, 1808.

This day Administration was granted to James Cowan of Harbour Grace, of the effects of Peter Russell late of Harbour Grace, Cooper. *(James Cowan out of Greenock?? Wed Ann Pynn, in 1780 at Harbour Grace.)

Per New Barrack Street Independent Parish, Bridport, Dorset.

Actual spelling is Rousell. Standard spelling is Russell. Though the Parish recorded spelling is variant Rousell, the family is actually diminutive of Russell.

Information Source: Parish register printouts of Bridport, Dorset, England (Independent, New Meeting Barrack Street) ; christenings, 1751-1838.


Forenames Nicholas, John, and Samuel; feature early in Ship Cove, Port de Grave; family Daw. Consider some or all of these forenames when seeking ancestors in England.

CO 194/23 Page 147. March, 1739. Contains "the mark of" William Daw, inhabitant of Newfoundland.

Nicholas and Samuel Daw, appear two prominent family Daw members during mid 1700's at Ship Cove, Port de Grave. Consider: the only? known, recorded, Daw(e) family members. Whom left recorded descendants. Did Nicholas and Samuel have sisters? What was Nicholas and Samuel's relationship to the Anthony family?

Intuition suggests, “Could that have been William Nicholas Daw(e)”? At CO 194/23 Page 147. March, 1739. Suggestion of Nicholas William Dawe would be a contradiction of tradition for the era, and thus implausible. The naming tradition of the era was in style of William Nicholas, William Henry, William John, etc.

Nicholas Doust, 1690's, Conception Bay. Is there then any consideration for ?William Nicholas Doust?

If there were any? Lyme Regis Dawe family connection to Conception Bay, it may have to predate 1644. Per Lyme, Dorset; PCC Dawe family Wills.

Often when old world ancestors of early Newfoundlanders are found, plural communal associations then become apparent. Both in the mother country, and in Newfoundland.

Was family Snow in Port de Grave in the 1640's? Did family Snow and Dawe, marry into the later Anthony family?

How did family Andrews get to Ship Cove, Port de Grave; from Harbour Grace? Did captain Robert Andrews contract for, and purchase fish off, Ship Cove individuals/families? Did a young William Andrews become an agent or factor, and resident of Port de Grave. Obtained property there? Was he a relative or descendant of the Harbour Grace Andrews captain, merchant, trader, family? Did he wed Susannah Snow in 1764?


Lloyd's Register, 1764. Vessel "Champion", 120 Tons, 11 Men, Captain William Francis. Voyage, London to Lisbon. For: John Noble. Vessel built at the Plantation in 1749. (The Plantation would = Newfoundland. Voyage would be London to Newfoundland, to Lisbon, to Bristol.)

*It is recorded that in 1764, Bristol customs entered 6 vessels "directly" from Newfoundland. Circa Dec 14, the "Champion", Captain Francis.

As seen above here with the vessel “Champion”, Captain Francis, one has to be vigilant with both Lloyd's Registers and Lists; and British Customs' records. Using collateral information one realizes lading/loading ports and market ports, may sometimes be left off the record. Other times while two Ports are named, the complete voyage picture isn’t understood. Leaving the reader to determine other ports the voyage would have included. Disambiguation becomes necessary in particular cases. Specific name, vessel, searching in Lloyd's Registers, may provide further insight. It took "some recent disambiguation" before the early Robert Andrews out of Exon details, as seen below in these notes; could be established. That after deciphering his post 1764 voyages, some 4+ years ago. Still to be learnt is whether Robert had a father, brothers, uncles, nephews, cousins, etc.; whom may also have been captains, mates, sailors, factors, planters, servants, etc., within the early Newfoundland Fishery.

Where in Newfoundland, John Noble did business from 1740, is a fair question. Nicholas Darby sometimes captained for John Noble.

Noble a Baptist Taunton/Bristol merchant family. Separate of the Bristol Society of Friends, family Noble.

*It is recorded that in 1764, Bristol customs cleared 14 vessels for Newfoundland.

Arrived at Newfoundland from Bristol, the vessel: Circa July 17, the "Dolphin", Conway Heighington. ?For Isaac Elton?

Lloyd's Register, 1764. Vessel "Dolphin", 80 Tons, 6 Men, Captain Stephen Hunt. Voyage, Liverpool to Newfoundland. For: Bristol merchants. ( Consider Charterparty, Master, Captain, Supercargo, Factor, and such. )


*Captains Henry Pynn/Robert Andrews/Michael Stretch...

Lloyd's List Feb 6, 1746, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Newfoundland, the vessel "Seanymph", Captain Thrale. [ Thrall ]

Lloyd's List March 4, 1747, edition. Arrived at Cork from Kinsale, the vessel "Sea Nymph", Captain Payne.

Lloyd's List March 29, 1747, edition. Sailed from Cork for Antigua, the vessel "Sea Nymph", Captain Payne.

Lloyd's List June 17, 1748, edition. Arrived at Antigua from Lisbon, the vessel "Harbour Grace", Captain Thrale. [ Thrall ]

Lloyd's List May 3, 1748, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Cork, the vessel "Sea Nymph", Captain Pane.

Lloyd's List Aug 26, 1748, edition. Arrived at Gravesend from Antigua, the vessel "Harbour Grace", Captain Thrale. [ Thrall ]

Lloyd's List Oct 7, 1748, edition. Arrived at Cork from Antigua, the vessel "Sea Nymph", Captain Pyne.

Lloyd's List Dec 6, 1748, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Newfoundland, the vessel "Sea Nymph", Captain Pynn.

Lloyd's List Aug 1, 1749, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Newfoundland, the vessel "Seanymph", Captain Pynn and "William", Baker. (Bristol captains. Newfoundland just a Fishery, in 1749.)

Lloyd's List, December 15, 1749, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Newfoundland, the vessels/captains: "Augustus", Thrall; and "Sea Nymph", Pynn.

Lloyd's List March 12, 1750, edition. Cleared out from Gravesend for Newfoundland, the vessel "Seanymph", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List March 22, 1750, edition. Sailed from the Downs for Ireland, the vessel "Seanymph", Captain Andrews.

Did a Bristol merchant engage captain Robert Andrews, when Henry Pynn became incapacitated during the winter or spring, of 1750? There appears to be evidence of a captain Robert Andrews at Harbour Grace during the era of interest. An experienced captain would have been required to master the “Sea Nymph”, when Henry Pynn could no longer perform his duty as captain. It appears Robert Andrews of Exon, filled the role.

Lloyd's List Dec 6, 1751, edition. The "Providence", Captain Stretch, from Hamburg for Bristol, with Iron and Bale Goods, was lost..

Lloyd's List Oct 12, 1753, edition. Captain Stretch arrived in the River from Leghorn, on the 8th. (Thames River.)

Lloyd's List Sep 12, 1755, edition. Sailed from Weymouth for Leghorn, the vessel "Providence", Captain Stretch.


Henry Pynn died intestate in Oct, 1750 at Newfoundland.

PCC Administration of the estate and effects of Henry Pynn of Harbour Grace, May 13, 1752. Grantee: Ann Stretch, wife of Michael Stretch.

Per Lloyd’s Lists in this era, Captains Andrews sailed out of Poole, Weymouth, Dartmouth and ?Exmouth? For apparent codfish markets. It is not clear from Lloyd's Lists alone, that any of these Andrews "captains", mastered the "Seanymph" to Newfoundland, in 1749 or 1750. Though the Exon/?Exmouth? captain Robert Andrews appears to be the viable prospect, when acknowledging collateral detail info as below here.

* There appears no? collateral evidence of a Poole, Dorset, Captain Andrews, mastering the former ship of which Henry Pynn was master. Though Poole, Dorset, captains often voyaged in company with Bristol captains. And apparently sometimes for Bristol merchants, in this era.

Lloyd's List Feb 23, 1749, edition. Came in to Falmouth, from Cadiz, the vessel "Hill", Captain Andrews. (Vessel ?Mill? Captain Robert Andrews? Exmouth? )

Lloyd's List Dec 11, 1750, edition. Arrived at Lisbon from Barnstaple, the vessel "Mill", Captain [Robert] Andrews. (50 Ton vessel.)

Lloyd's List May 14, 1751, edition. Arrived at Cadiz from Exeter, the vessel "Mill", Captain [Robert] Andrews.

ADM 7/88 1753. Captain Robert Andrews, vessel "Mills", 30 Tons/6 Men. Exon to Newfoundland.

1755 Colonial Records. Robert Andrews, Harbour Grace Traders/Inhabitants. (Principal Trader or Inhabitant there.)

*Henry Pynn was an earlier principal captain/trader/merchant at Harbour Grace.

*Fishing vessels sailed Britain to Newfoundland to Fish. Carried necessary provisions for the Voyage. And "may" have laded a cargo of salt "Outwards".

Roger Butt's April 21, 1693 Will. "And my desire is of you to carry on the Voyage..."

"Carry on the Fishery. For value returned in barter, from marketed fish via the merchant adventurer's Voyage."

Roger Butt's fishing enterprise and his presence in CB in 1693, was tied directly to the vessel of some West County Fishing Voyage. A merchant Adventurer. One may expect "literally" tied to some Fishing vessel's Voyage, as seen in the early Fishing Ship Census'.

*Coastal Traders voyaged Britain to Newfoundland with diverse victuals, supplies, trading goods, etc. They "may" have taken codfish and train oil to market. Or they may have continued down the coast to the American Colonies, on to Ireland, etc. Simply on a trading voyage only.

*Sack ships may have sailed to Newfoundland empty. Or may have brought a cargo of salt for the Fishery. They loaded Cod and train oil for market.

*The usage of Running Galleys avoided the situation of becoming "becalmed". Lessened the risk of not making the market in time, thereby ensuring better prices. And assisted in avoiding rowboat pirates lurking in wait, around the harbour entrance of the market Port. A ship becalmed, was a rowboat pirate's delight. At little cost, they could obtain a great and valuable prize. A most lucrative business.

Did vessel captain Robert Andrews, come from a family of Newfoundland captains, traders, and merchant adventurers? Similar to Henry Pynn’s situation. An Henry Andrews at Harbour Grace, early 1700's.

Lloyd's List Apr 1, 1755, edition. Sailed from Cowes for Corunna, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Apr 29, 1755, edition. Came in to Plymouth for St. Andero, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Feb 8, 1757, edition. Arrived at Cadiz, from Exon, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Apr 1, 1757, edition. Arrived on March 27 at Dublin, from Cadiz. The vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Aug 16, 1757, edition. Came in to Portsmouth for Leghorn, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Sep 30, 1757, edition. Arrived at Cork, from Portsmouth, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Oct 7, 1757, edition. Sailed from Cork for Leghorn, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List June 13, 1758, edition. Sailed from Gravesend for Leghorn, the vessel "Duke of Tuscany", Captain Malone. Arrived at Dublin, from Leghorn, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List July 4, 1758, edition. Arrived at Exeter, from Dublin, the vessel "Lyme", Captain Andrews.

*Topsham was the head point of navigation on the river Exe, for ships voyaging to Exeter.

1758. Captain Robert Andrews on the vessel "Liberty". (Matthew Lee)

Lloyd's List Feb 12, 1760, edition. Remained at the Downs for Topsham, the vessel "Eleanor", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Sep 9, 1760, edition. Arrived at Gibraltar, from Exeter, the vessel "Eleanor", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List May 13, 1763, edition. Arrived at Plymouth, from Corunna, the vessel "Jenny", Captain Andrews.

Lloyd's List Jun 28, 1763, edition. Arrived at Cowes, from Jersey, the vessel "Jenny", Captain Mugford.

Lloyd's List June 28, 1763, edition. Came in to Cowes for Spain, the vessel "Peace & Plenty", Captain Andrews.

1764 Liberty John Andrews Cowes - Corunna 70/4 Cowes 53 Matthew Lee

1764 Jenny William Mugford Cowes - Corunna 30/4 Topsham 62 Matthew Lee

1764 Peace & Plenty N. Pearce Cowes - Corunna 30/5 Devonshire 57 Matthew Lee

Does these Topsham, Devon, marriages; represent the Captain folk above here?

John Andrews wed Sarah Broom, Jan 6, 1761, Topsham. William Mugford wed Jane Pearse, April 8, 1770, Topsham. Nathaniel Pearce wed Susanna Gilbert, Mar 23, 176. Parochial register of Topsham.

1782 St. James Church, Poole, Dorset. Henry Mugford of Lympstone, widower, married Mary Leer/Lear, Widow.

1784 Jul 26. Henry Mugford, "Peace & Plenty", Cowes to Corunna.

*Exmouth/Kenton/Lympstone... Consider John Davis' PCC 1739 Will and Woodbury. Davis family of Topsham, etc.

Habour Grace - St. Paul's Anglican Churchyard. John Andrews; died 22 Feb 1805; 50 years; late of Exmouth, Devon.

A2A info. Mary Butler the elder 70 A/PO 6174 1799. These documents are held at Devon Record Office

Now in Kenton, she was born in Newfoundland where her parents belonged, when she was 16 she married and remained there with her husband for 10 years, when they moved to St Peters, Jersey, where her husband was settled, and lived there for 14 years, then she came to Kenton and took lodgings at 8d or 9d a week, she then rented a cot house at £1 16s, she is now 46.

*The Registers of Clyst St. George, Co. Devon. 1565-1812:

Francis Mugford & Mariam Skinner, Jun 24, 1730, at Lympstone, Devon.

Francis Mugford bap Mar 6, 1739, Lympstone, Devon. Father Francis.

1764 Lloyds Francis Mugford Captain, on the John/Jenny, 70/7, Exon to Newfoundland, for S. Parminter.

Captain Francis Mugford of Lympstone, Devon.

May 8, 1770, edition. Remained at the Downs for Newfoundland, the vessel "Jersey Pacquet", Captain [Francis] Mugford for Newfoundland.

The Jersey Packet sailed on May 17, 1770, for Esquimaux Bay, Labrador; carrying the Moravians.

Jul 31, 1764, edition. Arrived at Cowes, from Corunna, the vessel "Peace & Plenty", Captain Mugford. William Mugford, for Matthew Lee, Exeter merchant of Ebford.

The "Liberty", Captain Andrews, for Matthew Lee.

*Long term association of Mugford, Andrews, Davis, Topsham area, etc. Consider the further associations developed at Newfoundland, with Bristolians; the sailing port of Poole, Dorset, folk; Channel Islanders; etc.


PCC Will of John Davis, of Bristol, made on July 18, 1737. Probated at London, on January 3, 1739.

All the rest and residue of my Goods and Chattels and Effects whatsoever, I give and bequeath unto Samuel Davis my natural Son, by Joan Stevens, and to his Heirs forever. Whom I make my whole and Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament.

A Samuel Davis baptized on July 21, 1732, at St. Augustine The Less, Bristol. Parents: John Davis and Jone Stephens.


*Some Thomas Neck(s) details.

A Thomas Neck earlier plied the Boston route. Out of Topsham. Supplies to New England ?And supplies for the Newfoundland Fishery? June, 1713. A Thomas Neck, captain of the "Prosperity", Topsham to Boston.

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 31. 1877. Page 310.

Arrivals in Boston, Mass., June, 1712. Thomas Neck, ye Barque "Prosperity", from Topsham. Passenger: William Edwards, A Gentleman.

The Complete Book of Emigrants: 1700-1750 - Peter Wilson Coldham - 1987. Page 134. March 12 - April 5. 1713? Shippers by the "Prosperity", Mr. Thomas Neck, bound from Exeter and Dartmouth for Boston: Samuel Munckley, John Colesworthy, Silvanus Evans for Nathaniel Gundry. (PRO E190/985/9. 985/18)

Reference: C 11/756/6. Short title: Veale v Munckley. Held by: The National Archives, Kew.

Plaintiffs: Joseph Veale of Exeter, Devon, Edmond Cock junior, Andrew Lavington, Richard Limbrey, William Glyde, all merchants of Exeter.

Defendants: Samuel Munckley, Thomas Necks and Vandus Fell. Date of bill (or first document): 1720.

*****Samuel Munckley of Exeter, Devon. Presbyterian. Non conformist. Later generation Bristol ship owner and merchant. Samuel Munckley dealt with Edward Harford and Isaac Elton at Bristol. Harfords at Bristol, were Society of Friends members/Quakers. James Harford noted above here.

*****John Colesworthy of Exeter, merchant. ?A Quaker of Crediton?

A James Colsworth(y) at Brigus, Conception Bay; 1708 Census.

*****Silvanus Evans of Dartmouth, merchant. Presbyterian? Did business with John Harris of Dartmouth.

Stephen Tucker sailed Teignmouth to Newfoundland, for a John Harris. Disambiguation is required.

*****Nathaniel Gundry of Exeter? Lyme Regis?

*****A Christopher Loaden wed at Crediton.

PCC Will of Samuel Munckley or Monckley, Merchant of Exeter, Devon. July 26, 1721. “...that I may be privately buried. And that every one of my Bearers may have a Mourning Hatband, Gloves, and a Mourning Ring.”

*In some Last Will and Testaments, the mourners were provided items such as Hatbands, Gloves, Scarfs and Armbands; by the testator. Usually such testator generally being a member of a family of "greater" financial/social status. Will such mourning rites be found in any Isle of Jersey family Snow, Last Will and Testaments? Family Andrews of Exon?

George Daw Senior of Ship Cove, Port de Grave; made his Last Will and Testament on June 13, 1825. It was Probated on March 18, 1830. In his Will George states: "My Executors are to have hatbands & scarfs to be worn at my funeral." *George Daw received his Plantation Land (No. 514) from his mother, Ann Dawe. (Not from his ?father?, Samuel Daw.) Possessed by his ancestors for 160 Years. The Anthony family apparently wasn't at Ship Cove for 160 years, pre 1805? The Snow family? Did William Andrews (from Harbour Grace) go to Ship Cove circa the 1750's/1760's? The first Andrews at Ship Cove? What social/financial prominent family were in the local area? Hatbands and scarves... Snow? Andrews? Other?

*The Anthony family were "close" to Samuel Dawe's family, mid to late 1700's, at Ship Cove. And possibly to (?William?) Nicholas Dawe's family also. Any consideration for early 1800's Newfoundland names, like Abraham Anthony and Samuel Snow? Would YDNA downline of George Daw, son of Ann Daw, show a different ancestry than that of descendants of his brother John Daw, son of Samuel Daw? The 160 year Daw land claim apparently originating from the maternal side, of Samuel and Ann Daw's mid to late 1700's family. Last Will and Testaments were always legal writeups, having literal interpretation. Samuel Daw not giving George Daw the plantation land, carries a literal legal interpretation. It may not have been Samuel's land to bequeath?

*An instance of a Thomas Necks. ?Separate of Thomas Neck as connected to Anthony Varder?

Comerciando con el enemigo: el tráfico mercantil anglo-español en el siglo XVIII (1700-1765) By María Nélida García Fernández. Madrid, 2006.

(Trading with the enemy: the Anglo-Spanish commercial traffic in the 18th Century. 700-1765)

Page 206. 60 Barrels of smoked herring were shipped from Exeter to Cadiz in 1730. On the "Francis", Thomas Necks, master. Ethel Davey, the Exeter exporter.

Page 310. In 1750, at Malaga. The vessels "Three Brothers", Phillip Le Couteur; and the "Tryal", Joseph Read. At San Sebastian. The "Molly", William Pike.

*An Ethelred Davey was Mayor of Exeter in 1731. *Otherwise Exeter merchant and Justice of the Peace. After the 1718 Transportation Act in England, Etheldred Davey of Exeter in similar fashion to other English merchants of Bideford, Exeter, Bristol, etc., shipped felons and convicts from the assizes, and petty thieves from the quarter sessions, to the American English Colonies for the Justices, (including himself?). In the specific case of Etheldred Davey, this occurred from the late 1730's through the 1750's. Did any of those transported British folk, including Irishmen picked up by west county vessels voyaging to America, become servants in the Newfoundland fishery? George and John Buck, Bideford merchants, 1720 and 1730's, were in this transportation business; along with a relatively few other merchants of Exeter and Bristol. Per Page 21 of: Eighteenth-Century Criminal Transportation. By G. Morgan, P. Rushton. New York, 2004. On Page 9, Newfoundland is listed among the destinations for exiles, whom were convicted English felons, early 1600's.


1681, Port de Grave. Vessel "Barbara", out of Dartmouth. Captain James Sibley.

*1682. James Silby, master of the Barbara of Dartmouth on a voyage with fish from Newfoundland to Portugal, taken by Pirates.


Lloyd's List March 13, 1749, edition. Arrived at Jersey from Bilboa the vessel "Jersey", Captain Le Couteur.

Lloyd's List Feb 21, 1752, edition. Cleared out from Gravesend for Newfoundland, the vessel "Diamond", Captain Le Couteur. Per the July 7th issue; arrived at Newfoundland, from Jersey.

The July 7th, 1752 listing of Jersey vessels arrived at Newfoundland per the link below, is a good indicator of Harbour Grace Fishery visitors.

*Per Lloyd's Lists, the "Molly", Captain Pike, often took port at Weymouth, Dorset.


In 1615, Capt. John Mason succeeded as governor of the plantation [Cupids] founded by Mr. John Guy.

He resided there six years, returning to England in 1621.

John Mason. A brief discourse of the Newfoundland...Edinburgh, printed by Andre Hart. 1620. Page 157.

"...our Plantations, with the descriptions of their situations in 2 places 16 miles distant from each other, on the north side the bay of Conception..."

*Cupids Cove and Bristol's Hope, 16 miles distant.


The New England Courant. No. 208. Saturday, July 17 to Saturday, July 24, 1725.

Custom House, Boston. Entered Out. Captain French for Newfoundland.


Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series America And West Indies, 1681 - 1685. London. 1898.

By Great Britain. Public Record Office. Pages 105/106. 1681.

Sept 1, 1681. HMS Antelope. Bay of Bulls, Newfoundland. Captain James Story to William Blathwayt.

Since my arrival I have been myself to southward and made what observations I could of the country and trade, sent an officer northward to do the like there, which report I now send for the Lords of Trade and Plantations. [ Read Oct 14, 1681. ] An extract here below.

# 212. 1681. An account of the fishing ships, sack ships, planters and boat keepers from Trepasse to Bonavista, and from thence to Fair Island, the northward part of the island. ... All planters are given by name, with the number of their families.

The trade of the Irish to Newfoundland is linen, clothing of all kinds, meat, cheese, butter, and all sorts of small merchandise. The ships likewise bring over many women passengers whom they sell for servants. A little after their coming they marry among the fishermen that live with the planters, and being extremely poor, contract such debts as they are not able to pay. If the care be not taken for the preservation of such passengers coming over, the country will soon be ruined. There are also six small ships from New England, which bring provisions, tobacco, rum and molasses, and take away all sorts of cordage, linen, and woolens, brandy, and refused fish. They carry away with them as many servants as they can. The planters follow the charter as is most for their profit. The masters of ships, who have built stages, pull them down themselves for firewood, and what they leave the planters take away. If there were an ordinance forbidding either masters or planters to destroy the stages under penalties, the work would remain, and great expense would be saved. The fur trade is further north, towards Bonavista; it is worth perhaps 500 Pounds, a year. The planters go a furring about the middle of September, and take no provisions with them but bread and salt, finding beavers, otters, and seals enough to feed on. They carry guns, and kill also a great deal of venison, which they salt down for the winter. They return about the 1st of May.

Page 710. 1684. Sir Francis Wheeler of HMS Tyger, to William Blathwayt. An interesting read.

# 1807. IV. List of the fishing ships at each port in Newfoundland. Thirty-six ships, all from Devonshire ports, except five from Poole, and one from Piscataqua, whose Captain has a Devonshire name.


*A gleaned interlining; pertinent to Fogo Island, Notre Dame Bay.

Lloyd's Register, 1764. "Friends", 120 Tons, 9 Men, Captain Simon Honeybun. Voyage, Poole to Newfoundland. For: Tucker & Co. Vessel built at the Plantation in 1755. *(Read: Plantation = Fogo Island.)

The Society of Friends family White of Poole, Dorset; were relative of the Richard Tucker Society of Friends family, of Weymouth. Joseph White, major Poole merchant, excursioned to infant Notre Dame Bay on business. It thus appears, the Tucker family of Weymouth, also was in early Notre Dame Bay.

*Lloyd's List edition, March 23, 1749. Sailed from Poole for Newfoundland, the vessels/captains: "Beaver", Hayward; and the "Uniquest", Honeybun. [ Poole, Dorset; to Fogo Island. ]

*The Society of Friends had more presence in the early Newfoundland English Crown's Fishery, than is currently realized.

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