Anthony Varder sr., business ledger

NL GenWeb

Conception Bay North

Anthony Varder sr., Business Ledger.

Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, January 2020. With permission of Bristol Archives, Smeaton Road, Bristol. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors.

A brief file anchored to an Account Book of Anthony Varder Senior, held by the Bristol Archives, Smeaton Road, Bristol. Which business Ledger includes the names of folk who were, or became early and permanent Newfoundland resident Settlers. Folk who currently have descendants in Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Contrary to English/British Crown and Parliamentarian, rules and regulation, which deterred and inhibited settlement at the time. In an attempt to keep the Newfoundland Fishery a migratory one, based “out of England/Britain”. In effect then, a fishery worksite reserve. From the 1610 proprietary Colony under John Guy, until 1825 when Newfoundland became an official ordained Colony of Britain, permanent residential settlement was officially discouraged by the Crown and Parliament. There were no Ecclesiastical Parishes in early Newfoundland. Therefore, the genealogist must seek the rare merchant record which may surface, any shred of Commodore/Governor/Admiral records which may perchance contain a resident’s name. The largely lacking missionary listings, of residential folk with families, etc. Such is the difficulty under which current Newfoundlanders search for their familial roots in the mother Country, England/Britain. Stemming from which this file was proposed. To enlighten Newfoundland familial folk, that a Business Ledger of Anthony Varder Sr. is held at Bristol Archives. Containing the names of males, who became masters of some early Newfoundland families.

Anthony Varder senior and his sons, as involved in the Newfoundland trade.

Anthony Varder Senior’s Business Ledger as held at Bristol Archives.

Bristol Archives reference AC/B/64.

AC - Records of the Smyth family of Ashton Court - 13th century - 1935

B - Volumes

Volume 64 - Title: Account book of Anthony Varder, senior. ( A west country merchant with Bristol connections )

Date: 1697-1713

Description: Includes 46 pages of business accounts 1697-1705 mostly relating to the Newfoundland trade, and to his dealing with John Pym of Exeter, and 4 pages of personal accounts 1712-1713.

The original Ledger is not paginated with numbers, characters, or other. Rather the pertinent year dates are noted, accompanying the Debt/Contra info provided on the pages. ( For the sake of “this file only”, pagination is used. )

Monetary values presented in the Varder Debt/Contra Ledger, are generally not included in this file.

Copyright applies to the extracted brief lines from the business Ledger of Anthony Varder Sr., as below here. Permission to cite, transcribe, and post a small portion of the Ledger, was kindly granted by the Archivist Team at Bristol Archives. *Transcript lines from the Varder Ledger, are shown in red color. )

Generations of descendants of Newfoundland individuals named in this file, will come to appreciate the info contained. A ray of light may shine upon the pertinent family ancestral searches. The decision of the Bristol archival committee in permitting the posting of a small portion of the detail contained in the Varder business Ledger, is highly commendable. Gratitude is returned here, to the Archival Team at Bristol Archives, for their most kind gesture to early Newfoundland genealogy. Especially when one comes to appreciate the words within the paragraph following. That early Newfoundland was in reality a worksite reserve of the English Crown, where settlement was officially discouraged. Newfoundland did not become a parliamentary ordained colony until the 1800’s. It only became an official Crown Colony in 1825, and was granted a constitution in 1832. Though folk had irregularly settled since the 1610 proprietary colony.

In an era of Newfoundland history, of no parochial framework. In a time when the English Crown, and British Parliament, prevented settlement to a large degree. In a Newfoundland era of no surviving Parish Registers, Chests, Vestries, etc.; descended generations of early Newfoundland Settlers have sought their ancestral roots unsuccessfully. Bristol Archives Archivist Team, has extended goodwill to Newfoundland genealogy, by their permission in the posting of this current file. There are names showing within Anthony Varder Senior’s business Ledger which match known early families at Bay Roberts and Port de Grave, Newfoundland. Probability indicates beyond a reasonable doubt, that one may expect, the pertinent names contained in the Anthony Varder Ledger were the actual ancestors of the same names occurring since; at Bay Roberts and Port de Grave. This determination follows normal expectations of such an original information source. Has this author missed any other such Settler’s names, in a very brief viewing and exposition of the Varder business Ledger? Shorter, or longer term Settlers.

Additional collateral information from other sources are interlined in this file, with the detail as transcribed and cited from the Varder Account Book. As usual, findings bring more questions. Further future research should be able to embellish this preliminary file.

A caution: It may appear that both Church of England and dissenting folk’s names appear in the Ledger of Anthony Varder Senior. Thus, not all information sought on personal names within the Ledger, will be found in English Parish records. Marriages? Not in the case of the Society of Friends. Rather some may be found within surviving dissenter registers, which were not legal for the early era. Though they are known to have been kept.

This file includes minor stat detail of Nicholas Doust/Dawe, John & George Garland, William and John Mugford, William Pynn, and Benjamin Squires. Other possible early Newfoundland names? Edward Baker? Nicholas Doust has been singled out more so, in this file. And some possible thoughts on him are alluded to. These individual’s families are noted in early Conception Bay, Newfoundland, as having generational descendants. Are there other names mentioned in the Ledger, which would be pertinent to residence in Conception Bay, Newfoundland? For the short term, yes. If not for the long term?

Anthony Varder Sr. resided at Bedminster, Somerset. And gave charity to the Parish of St. Thomas, Bristol.

St John the Baptist, Bedminster, Bristol, ( Circa 1003 - 1967 ); was the mother church to St. Mary’s Redcliffe, St. Thomas, Bristol, and Abbotts Leigh.

Per Anthony Varder Senior's business Ledger, it is seen that he did business with plural Southeast Devon, ship Captains/Merchants, some few Bristol captains/merchants; and the rare London merchant.

Bills of Exchange were widely used to accommodate his Newfoundland business adventure.

Was Anthony Varder, earlier a resident of St. Marychurch, Devon?

From the Devon Archives: 20 Nov 1654, Tenement in Collaton, in the parish of St Marychurch, part of the manor of Collaton Sheephay. Anthony Varder of St Marychurch, Devon, mariner [ Parish of Tormoham ].

Tormoham, Torquay, St. Marychurch, parish registers are not in the public eye.

St. John the Baptist, Bedminster, Somerset; parish registers are not in the public eye.

*St. Marychurch and/or Bedminster Parish Chest fonds may shed further light on whether Anthony Varder had possibly migrated to Bedminster, Somerset. And further detail on his family.

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1675 Census. Bay Roberts, Newfoundland.

Anthony Varder & wife & mother. 1 female child. 3 Boats, 15 Men, 1 Stage.

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Merchants and Merchandise in Seventeenth-century Bristol, Volume 19. Edited by Patrick McGrath. Pages xxxv & xxxvi.

Anthony Varder's two daughters wed Bristolians, and his son Anthony became a freeman of Bristol, by marriage in 1711. ( Is it indicated, that Anthony Varder Sr. was not a freeman of Bristol? )

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Anthony Varder had wife Mary buried Sep 15, 1704, Bedminster.

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Anthony Varder had son Elias buried April 14, 1715, Bedminster.

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Anthony Varder had wife Martha buried Dec 8, 1716, Bedminster.

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Sarah Varder, wife of Anthony Varder Sr. buried Feb 13, 1717, Bedminster, Bristol.

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Will of Sarah Varder of Bedminster, Somerset

Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers. Name of Register: Tenison Quire Numbers: 52 - 103. Will of Sarah Varder of Bedminster, Somerset.

The National Archives, Kew - Prerogative Court of Canterbury

Date: 07 March 1718

Reference: PROB 11/563/56

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Harbour Grace Minute Book 87. Sep 10, 1736. John Varder, a witness to a deed at Port de Grave.

( Bound minute books of the Newfoundland District Courts. ) Further research required.

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The Boston Gazette, Number 896. Monday March 7, to Monday March 14, 1737.

Custom House, Boston, March 5. Outward Bound. Vardar for Newfoundland.

The Varder business Ledger indicates Anthony Varder Sr. had a son named Thomas Neck/Nick.

A Thomas Neck earlier plied the Boston route. Out of Topsham. For supplies for Newfoundland?

June, 1713. A Thomas Neck, captain of the "Prosperity", Topsham to Boston.

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*Newfoundland Colonial Records. 1754. Anthony Varder owed John Carter 3 Pounds and 8 Shillings.

*It is realized that Anthony Varder Senior, and Junior; including John Varder, carried on business in the Newfoundland English Crown’s Fishery for nigh a Century. Or longer?

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 1.

July 22, 1700. Mary Varder, the daughter of Anthony Varder Sr., was married to Daniel Jones in Tucker Street, St. Mary Redcliffe; being on Thursday.

*?Tucker Street, in St. Thomas Parish?

January the 15th, 1700/1701. My Son in Law Daniel Jones was taken tenant from Son Thomas Day in College Green, which now is in possession of Mr. John Edwards, gentleman; and possessed by myself. [Anthony Varder Sr.].

Nov 11, 1701. My daughter Betty Varder was married to Jacob Briddy of the Parish of St. Thomas, of Tucker Street. *[ Jacob Brady ].

*The Inhabitants of Bristol in 1696, Bristol Record Society Publication, Volume 25. By Bristol (England). Archives Office.

Page 210. Daniel Jones & wife Eleanor, and children Sarah & Ann; resident in Tucker Street, in the Parish of St. Thomas, Bristol.

Page xii. The family of Samuel Day of the Parish of St. Thomas, of Quaker persuasion, in 1696.

Page 209. Henry Roe of St. Thomas, lodger.

*Bristol Will. Daniel Jones, Currier/hide tanner. 1740.

Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 4. 1697/1698.

Mentions names: Michael Whitt/White, Joseph James/[?Jaynes?], John Matthews, Peter Saunders, William Farwell, Daniel Pearse, John Jerland/Gerland/Garland, & Christopher Lowden.

"By a Cargo of Goods Bought of Daniel Pearse - John Jerland/Garland sent by Mr. Lowden..."

Bill from Mr. Pettin to John Pym of Exon; and from John Pym of Exon to Anthony Varder Sr.; on Mr. Charles Jones.

Similar billing on John Templeman. ( ?Of St. Nicholas Parish, Bristol? )

Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 5. 1698.

Bills sent me by my son Anthony Varder Jr.

Bill drawn on Elias Beckford of St. Mary Church. *St. Marychurch, Devon?

Bill on Abraham Lattymore of Shalldown [Shaldon] & River Tinmouth [Teignmouth].

Bill on Thomas Prettyjones [Prettyjohns] in Dartmouth. *A Dartmouth captain.

Bill on Mr. Thomas Cowell of Tormoham. *A Dartmouth captain?

Bill on Mrs. Elizabeth Adams in Stokeinteignhead. *Imported train oil from Newfoundland, into Dartmouth, 1690's.

Did some of these captains/merchants above here, bring Southeast Devon Servants to Conception Bay?

*A Daniel Pearse of Topsham, Devon.

*Was William Far(e)well/Fairwell a Poole, Dorset, vessel captain?

**Bristol Servants. May 1, 1677. Richard Davis bound to Thomas Pearce 4 years in Newfoundland. Via ship "Hopewell", Master Holbruke.

*Bristol Wills. John Templeman, Bristol Merchant. 1742.

Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 8. 1698.

My Wife Sarah Varder's Credits.

By Moneys Received of Mr. Thomas Edwards of house_100 Pounds.

Monies received of Uncle Daniel Jones... ?Daniel Jones Sr.?

Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 9. July 1, 1699.

Anthony Varder's money in England. Includes:

In ye hands of Joan Varder...

In Ye hands of Roger Bown...

( * A Robert Boune wed Mary Neck, Feb 25, 1676; Tormoham, Devon. )

( * A Robert Bound, Merchant; had his Will probated at Bristol in 1718. )

In ye hands of Arthur King of Chew Stoke on Bond, 3 Pounds. ( Chew Stoke approximately 10 Km from Bedminster, Bristol. )

In ye hands of William Pynn of Newfoundland upon Bond, 21 Pounds.

In Ye hands of Samuel Curtiss of ye Parish of Bickfield. ( ?Compton Martin, Somerset? )

*1696, November 20. Coffinswell parish register. Elias Bickford of St. John's, and 225 others came home to Dartmouth Jan 10, 1696/7, in a ship given them by the French.

*1693. Thomas Edwards, Bristol merchant. Some time inhabitant of Newfoundland.

*A Samuel Curtis Captained the "Mary & Joane" Bristol to Newfoundland, 1680's.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 11.

An Account of Monies Disbursed in Ye Year 1697 for Goods sent to Newfoundland, and Monies paid.

*Debt, as opposed to Contra.

To: Goods sent in Ye Ship "Supply", 39 Pounds, 8 Shillings and 6 Pence.

To: Goods sent in ye ship "Bay De Vards", 13 Pounds, 3 Shillings, and 5 Pence.

To: Goods sent by Samuell Francis in the ship "James", from Bristol, 15 Pounds, 2 Shillings, and 6 Pence.

Note the double letter L in Samuel above. Plural such sightings in the Anthony Varder Ledger, in general documents, and in Last Will and Testaments, of the era. Samuell Daw of Ship Cove, Port de Grave; signed his March 29, 1761 Will, in the same style.

To: Ye Value of goods Lost in Mr. Lowden's ship; when cast away at Tapsom (Topsham), 8 Pounds.

1681 Port de Grave, Christopher Loaden. Wed at Crediton, Devon?

To: Goods sent from Jerland, per Mr. Lowden. 74 Pounds, 3 Shillings & 2 Pence. [Per this Ledger, spellings Jerland/Gerland/Garland].

*Family Garland at Bristol’s Hope and Little Belle Isle, in early Newfoundland.

To: Moneys paid Mr. Abraham Stevens of Foay being due to him for Salt, 21 Pounds and 9 Shillings. Fowey, Cornwall?

To Servants Wages as follows: ( note: nominal adjacent entries... one understands not coincidence… )

To: Monies paid Nicholas Doust, 22 Pounds and 5 Pence.

To: Monies paid William Roe, 17 Pounds.

In the 1706 list of inhabitant militia sent to Port de Grave, Newfoundland... Inhabitants March 31st, 1706. John Dawe, David Roe. ( One understands this is not by coincidence. Rather a reflection of the reality association(s) of the time. Other early nominal Newfoundland listings, could be considered in such light. ) Was there any association of families Roe/Row(e) and Butt, in early Conception Bay? Yet unnoticed?

( Daw/Dawe/Dawes_Dawse/Daust---Dow/Dowe/Dowes_Dowse/Douse/Doust---etc. )

The cursive formation, or wild style of handwriting in early England, inclusive more so of early Newfoundland; sometimes misinterpreted or misrepresented vowel letters and others. Like letters a and e, for letter o. Consider varying dialects. What was the extent of literacy of the parish register recorders? Would a more educated, literate and recent communal recorder, correct a spelling error which he soon realized had propagated through decades of the Parish Register? Unlikely! The former entries were of a lawful legality. Would he then upend the decades of traditional erroneous spelling to his educated correct version? While it is possible, it certainly is not of greater probability. Priest versus Vicar versus Chaplain versus Minister versus Lay reader, etc. During the Parliamentary era of Cromwell, Town Mayors and Justices of the Peace, performed marriages, etc. In early era, the parish recorders each had not received the same cursive writing education. Some folk had little chance to practice their writing abilities. Under encouragement, some folk managed to poorly sign their Last Will and Testament, make their mark, or make their sign. ( Their sign, often being their initials. ) Papyrus, vellum and parchment, etc., being relatively expensive. In an era of economics where basically nothing was wasted, paper was a luxury afforded by few. Variant spellings like Vibert/Wibert/Wiber/Webber, Janverine/Janwerine, Varder/Farder, ?Forder?, and Langford/Langvard, etc., are realized.

Spellings Doust and Roe are very neatly and "distinctly" entered on the Ledger page, as above here. What spellings will be realized in the parochial registers, back home in ancestral England? One generally expects the “same spelling for the same era”, in the English hometown community. Maybe not exclusively. But generally. How did spelling Doust occur? Daw(e)s, Dow(e)s, Douse, Doust. Alternately Grand-daughter Elizabeth Daw is mentioned in the April 21, 1693 Will of Roger Butt of Crocker’s Cove, Carbonear. Questions arise. Was Elizabeth Daw the wife of Nicholas Daw, circa April 21, 1693? The mother of John Daw of the 1706 list of inhabitant militia sent to Port de Grave inhabitants? A daughter of John Butt, son of Roger Butt?

Servant names entered on this Ledger page include: Wm Mountaine, Thos Elly ( Ellis ), Richard Cole, Gregory Cole, Doust, Roe, Thomas Waymouth, Thomas Price, and Henry Pearn.

“Outward bound” isn't entered on this page. Thus, one may expect these names represent more long term, experienced, and stable Newfoundland resident Servants. As opposed to green men accompanying a voyage. Did some names have Southeast Devon origins? Servants employed from the Devon migratory fishery?

We have from the Varder Ledger: Nicholas Doust/Dawe was a Servant of Anthony Varder Sr., and worked in Newfoundland under Anthony Varder Jr. and/or Thomas Neck, 1697-1699.

Anthony Varder Sr. and Jr. and Thomas Neck/Nick; drew bills of Exchange on Exon merchants, John Pym, John Banks, Thomas Brooking, etc. As example.

Why is no Daw listed in the 1708 Census for Port de Grave, Newfoundland? Is this any indication that Doust/Daw was still a Servant in 1708?

The earlier 17th Century Settlers, had largely not resettled Port de Grave by 1708. Consider the French threat, attacks, prisoners/death, guardianship, minors, continued servant status, winter spent in England, smallpox, etc. Turbulent times. Forced migrations occurred, sometimes to different Coastal Bays. Most folk in 17th Century Newfoundland could be classified as either Merchants or Servants. Planter/Servant status could entail the same individual, or separate individuals. The end result still being effectually, Merchants or Servants. Planter/Settler ( having no Master ) status, increased during the 18th Century. Masterless Men not jiving with the English Crown’s idea of legal temporary residence in the early Crown’s Fishery.

*Nicholas Doust may appear a winter Servant/resident boatkeeper during the late 1690's. Per Anthony Varder's Ledger. Obviously inclusive of summer Servant status. Not a green man. Rather more experienced. Had Anthony Varder engaged him in Newfoundland?

*After his period of servitude has elapsed, had Nicholas Doust/Daw chosen to stay in Newfoundland? Did he find a different master? Became an Independent Planter/Master of his own, with winter and summer Servants working under him?

*November, 1702. John Neale at English Harbour, Planter. John had 18 summer Servants, and 6 winter Servants. ( It appears that Newell, out of the sailing Port of Poole, Dorset; was recorded as Neale. *Neale, Neel, of the Island of Jersey, seen recorded as Noel, and ?Newell? *Disambiguation required. Watch Phillip and Elias Neale of the Island of Jersey, versus Phillip Newell of late 1700’s Port de Grave. )

A William Rowe of St. Thomas, Bristol, Mariner, 1700's.

A Thomas Weymouth at St. John's, 1682. *A St. Marychurch name.

A Thomas Price of Bristol, Mariner, 1678. Thomas Price a 1730’s Bristol Captain.

John Row, of Port de Grave?, 1800. ( Nfld Archives r22 ). Seary. *Agent for William Newman?

http://www.baccalieudigs.ca/other_places.asp

One of Guy’s neighbours must have been Mary Weymouth, a widow who kept a plantation in Carbonear in the 1630s and 1640s. Another was Gabriel Viddomas of Berry Pomeroy in Devon who worked for Mrs. Weymouth for a number of years before returning to Devon and becoming a ship’s captain.

1675. Henry Pearn, out of Topsham, at Mobile; near Tors Cove, Newfoundland.

1681, Bay Bulls. 1681, William Pearne out of Dartmouth, at Bay Roberts.

1684, Henry Pearne at Witless Bay, & St. John's.

Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 11. "Continued."

Year 1700. Moneys Disbursed on part of the ship "Ezekiel" and Cargo, 402 Pounds, 18 Shillings, and 7 Pence.

Balance of Account due from Thomas Nick/Neck in ye year 1700/1701, 85 Pounds, 11 Shillings, and 3 Pence.

To: Moneys Lent Mrs. Patience Edwards, 30 Pounds.

To: Moneys paid to Church & Poor in St. Thomas Parish, 13 Shillings.

To: Moneys disbursed for my son Anthony.

To: Moneys disbursed for Thomas Nick/Neck.

It is seen that "Thomas Neck & Anthony Varder Jr. of Bay Roberts as listed per the 1708 Census", were business associates with Captain John Jones out of Bristol, circa 1700.

1700. CO 194/2. John Jones out of Bristol, at Port de Grave, in the vessel Ezekiel, 120 Tons, 24 Men, 10 Guns. Cargo for: Anthony Varder Sr.

The trade of Bristol in the eighteenth century, edited by Walter E. Minchinton. Page 6. Bristol ships in the Fishery at Newfoundland in 1700.

Fishing Station: Port de Grave. Ship/Master: Ezekiel, John Jones. 120 Tons/24 Men/10 Guns. Bound to Market with Fish. Adventurers Boats_4. No. of Men_24. Food Allowances_50.

Minchington was an Harbour Grace/Port de Grave, CB; surname. A Bristol ship captain surname?

1697. Blathwayt. James & Samuel Francis of Bristol. 120/16 Sack. Carbonear from Sligo with provisions.

1698. CO 194/1 Samuel Francis in the "Jonas", Bristol - Carbonear. 120 Tons/16 Men. Sack ship.

1699 CO 194/1 Samuel Francis in the "Success", 80/24/4, from Dartmouth, at Port de Grave.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 12.

An Account of Monies Received on Bills in England By Me in ye Year; 1697

By: Moneys Received of Mr. Thomas Edwards, 98 Pounds, and 17 Shillings.

*Other names include: John Templeman, William Young, Nathaniel Rawlin, John Snell, Abraham Lattymore ( Shaldon/Teignmouth ), Peter Langford ( Teignmouth? ), & Samuell Francis.

*Mentions my Sons Thomas Nick, 190 Pounds, 10 Shillings & 7 Pence.

*Mentions my Son Anthony Varder, 117 Pounds, 16 Shillings, and 6 Pence.

John Templeman was "out of Bristol", at St John's in the 1706 fishing season. Master of the vessel "Dolphin", a galley. 120 Tons, 2 Boats, 19 Men, 1 Stage, 4 Guns, 4 Blubber Casks.

The "Dolphin" being a Fishing Vessel, was John Templeman the Admiral of St. John's Harbour in 1706? And provided his 1706 Census info, to the English parliament?

Aka: Nathaniel Ralland. ?Nathaniel Rawlinson of Dartmouth, Devon? ?David Rowlins? of Brigus, 1708.

John Snell & Co. Of Devon?

Abraham Lattymore of St. John's, 1708. *Laddymore, Lattimore, etc.

Peter Langford aka Langvard.

1677. CO 1/41. John Templeman in the vessel "Zant" 100 Tons/22 Men, Bristol Sack Ship at Port de Grave. To Market, at Cadiz.

1693. John Templeman in the "Zant", 150 Tons/9 Men, Bristol to Newfoundland.

1700. CO 194/2. John Templeman in the "Eagle Galley", 300 Tons/36 Men, Sack ship. London - Carbonear - Mediterranean.

The Trade of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 20. By Walter E. Minchinton. Page 6.

1700. James Perryman in the “Zant”, out of Bristol, to Newfoundland. *Other vessels listed.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 13.

An Account of Monies Disbursed on Goods sent to Newfoundland, and to my Son Anthony, and Monies paid by his Order, in Ye Year 1698/1699. [ Ie: Debt, as opposed to Contra. ]

To Men’s Wages as follows:

To: Monies paid Nicholas Doust, 21 Pounds and 10 Shillings.

( Daw/Dawe/Dawes_Dawse---Dow/Dowe/Dowes_Dowse/Douse/Doust---etc. )

*Adjacent names include: John Webb, Joseph Wollotton, William Frost, Thomas Champhen/Champion, & Gregory Cole. ( *Servants and/or Men in effect, being the same designation. )

Moneys sent your men; Outward bound:

( Passage monies, "up front" monies, diet monies, travelling monies, lodging monies, enticement monies, etc. )

Mentions names James Dadd, Joseph Wollitton, John Pook, William Clark, & Benjamin Squire.

Moneys paid for Freight & Charges at Jerland/Gerland/Garland; for ye Train Oil, 10 Pounds, 13 Shillings, & 3 & 1/2 Pence.

*Could Ship Cove, Port de Grave; family Daw roots be sought at the local areas of Southeast, Devon? Bedminster, Bristol; St. Mary’s Redcliffe, or St Thomas, Bristol?

*Note: Nicholas Doust/Daw was not designated "Outward bound", on the Anthony Varder Sr. business Ledger. In context, Nicholas Dawe was not charged "vessel passage money" by Varder. Was not provided up front monies for diet, transportation, lodging, enticement of green men, etc. Leaving the feeling that Nicholas Daw was resident in Conception Bay in 1699. Roger Butt’s April 21, 1693 Will provides evidence that agrees with this winter residence idea.

It may be probable that Nicholas Doust held portfolios of a sailor, fisherman, shoreman, boats master, etc.? Did he serve for two winters and a summer? Or a longer period? Had plural Masters?

Did Nicholas Doust obtain Atlantic passage with a Southeast Devon vessel, at some juncture? Employed on the vessel simultaneously?

One imagines Y-DNA would be very similar for all folk of surname ( Daw/Dawe/Dawes_Dawse---Dow/Dowe/Dowes_Dowse/Douse/Doust---etc. ), within Devonshire? An avenue of procession when seeking ancestors.

A protestant dissenter’s son who had not been baptized in the state church, but baptized by a dissenting minister/pastor; was more likely to end up in early Newfoundland making a life of his own. An elder son who was baptized in the Church of England, may have inherited his father's land estate, in England, and not migrated.

It is interesting that the early Dawe family at Ship Cove, CB; appears to have largely adhered to the Anglican Church. But not always.

A Richard Webb of Brigus, 1675 - 1681.

Per Anthony Varder Senior's business Ledger in 1698/99, Benjamin Squires being "Outward bound", would normally indicate a more novice Newfoundland fisherman.

Benjamin Squires of early Bay Roberts, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Check CB Plantation # 680.

Squires newsletter - no. 4 (Jan. 1991). By: Stanley C. Squires.

"...in the late 1600's there was at least one family of Squires living in Bay Roberts."

1696. William Clark, a Bristol - Newfoundland merchant.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 14.

An Account of Monies Received of my Son Anthony, in ye Year 1698.

Monies received of Mr. Elias Beckford of St. Marychurch, Devon.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 15.

An Account of moneys Disbursed on Goods Sent to Newfoundland to my Son Thomas Nick/Neck; & Moneys paid per his Order in ye Year 1698/1699.

Feb 15th. Men's Wages as follows:

Mentions: Gregory Ward & Thomas Elly.

To: Moneys paid to Brother Robert Follet.

Outward Bound:

Mentions: William Nickells, Robert Bowden, Captain Perryman, Mr. Waldron, & the Ship "Supply".

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 17.

An Account of moneys Disbursed on Goods Sent to Newfoundland, and Moneys paid per Order of my Son Anthony Varder, in ye Year 1699. Debt.

Men's Wages as follows:

Mentions: John Webb, William Frost, John Willeton, James Dadd, Richard Toizer, John Pook, William Clark, Benjamin Squire, & Henry Jones.

To: Moneys paid to Edward Baker, per bill, 24 Pounds.

( Edward Baker, a 1730's captain, Bristol to Newfoundland. Baker noted at Port de Grave. Check Plantation # 484, per Newfoundland and Labrador GenWeb. By Anthony Varder Senior’s Bedminster Will of 1713, Edward Baker was a Son in Law. Edward Baker had a daughter Mary Baker, who was a granddaughter of Anthony Varder Sr. )

*Mentions Cousin Daniel Jones, and Brother John Varder, paid 12 Pounds for last Year’s Wages.

Moneys paid Captain Edwards per Bill, 32 Pounds.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 19.

1699. Men's Wages as follows:

Mentions, George Young, William Weymouth, Robert Bowden, Richard Cole, George Follet, William Nickalls. Nickolls?

To: Moneys paid to Mr. Thomas Edwards, paid per Order, 32 Pounds.

To: Moneys Lent & paid for ye Servant John Rich's Diet, 2 Pounds, 16 Shillings, & 5 Pence.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 21.

The Ship "Ezekiel", To Moneys Disbursed, 1699.

includes:

To: Cash paid to Mr. John Jones, 40 Pounds. ( ?Later Henry Jones? )

To: 20 Nets: 14 Common Nets at 21 Shillings per Net; & 6 Gaytwyn Nets at 26 Shillings per Net, comes to 22 Pounds & 10 Shillings.

To: 1 Sayne_Seine, 3 Pounds.

To: 1 dozen Great Twyne & a dozen Small, 1 Pound and 5 Shillings.

To: 8 dozen Lines at 6 Shillings and 6 Pence per Dozen, 2 Pounds & 12 Shillings.

To: 30 thousand of Sparables & Brads, 18 Shillings & 3 Pence. ( Sparables = nails without heads, for boot repairs, etc. )

To: 4 hides of Sole Leather, 6 Pounds, 3 Shillings, & 11 Pence.

To: My Expense in Shipping; Ye Men, 8 Shillings.

To: 5 Men’s Expenses coming out of ye West Country, 1 Pound, 5 Shillings.

240 pence in a pound. A shilling = 12 pence. 20 shillings in a pound.

A fishing net lost in a storm at Bay Roberts/Port de Grave in 1699, would then have cost in excess of 21-26 Shillings. Anthony Varder Sr. would have made a profit on the sale of Bristol wares, at Conception Bay. *Typical Cargo for plural years.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 23.

1700/1701. Ship "Nightingale", Captain John Jones. Bristol to Newfoundland.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 25.

An Account of my Disbursements for my Son Thomas Nick, paid per his Order, he is debtor, 1700/1701.

Feb 18th. Men's Wages as follows: “Includes”:

To: David Nick, 5 Pounds.

Mentions: Thomas Elly, Thomas Phillips, William Ball, Peter Bartlett, William Ward, Elias Collwell, & Robert Pearse.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 31.

An Account of Disbursements for Henry Edwards, paid per his Order, 1700/1701.

Men's Wages as follows:

To: Henry Neck, 14 Pounds.

To: two of James Hibb's Men, 22 Pounds. ( Hibb's Hole, Port De Grave? Hibbs of Bristol? )

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 37.

An Account of Moneys Disbursed for my Son Thomas Nick, paid per Order in Ye Year 1702/1703.

Includes:

To: Moneys paid Mr. Woods Rogers for freight for Train Oil, 24 Pounds. ( ?St. Michaels Parish, Bristol? )

To: Paid for ye wife & Childs coming up from West Country, 2 Pounds, 4 Shillings, & 1 & 1/2 Pence.

To: Paid for carriage of her goods from the West Country, 10 Pounds & 6 Shillings.

To: Paid for his wife, Childs, & Servants Passage home, 7 Pounds, 10 Shillings.

To: Paid for her when Came to Bristol, 5 Pounds, 5 Shillings, & 11 Pence.

To: Paid Mr. Pugsley for 3 fishing nets, 3 Pounds, 6 Shillings.

To: Paid Mr. Pugsley for six ranns of Twine, 6 Shillings.

To: Paid for a Hawser & a road, 5 Pounds, & 17 Shillings. ( Moorage, for the vessel. )

To: Diet for your wife & Child, 16 Pounds, & 10 Shillings.

March the 14th.

The Trade of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 20. By Walter E. Minchinton. Page 6.

Woods Rogers, “out of Bristol”.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 41.

An Account of Moneys Disbursed for my Son Thomas Nick, paid per Order in Ye Year 1703/1704.

Includes:

To: paid for a Sea Ground, 14 Shillings & 6 Pence. ( ?Ship's Room? Anchorage? )

To: Paid for 1 pair of Worsted Stockings, 3 Shillings.

To: Paid for 1 Hat, 5 Shillings.

To: Paid for 100 of Hooks, 11 Shillings & 8 Pence.

To: Paid for 1 Pair of Shoes, 3 Shillings, & 8 Pence.

To: Paid Ye Carrier for Carriage to Exon, 1 Shilling, & 5 Pence.

To: Paid for Carriage to Plymouth, from Exon, 7 Pounds, & 6 Shillings.

To: ye wife & Sons Diet, 15 Pounds.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 43.

My Son Thomas Nick Account: brought forward to his Debt. 1705. Includes:

To: Seven Years Rent for Plantation at Bay Roberts; in Newfoundland, at 20 Pounds per Year; as by agreement, 140 Pounds.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 44.

1703/1704? By Cash to my Son Thomas Nick/Neck, from Me [ Anthony Varder Sr. ], when I came from Newfoundland, 100 Pounds.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 46.

January 1712/1713.

To: Moneys paid Ann Neck for what she Lay out for me, 4 Shillings.

To: Moneys paid on Account of William Mugford, 2 Pounds.

To: Moneys paid William's wife for work in the garden, 2 Shillings.

To: Moneys received of my Son Anthony, on Account of Mr. James Taylor, In the "green", for half years Rent due At Christmas Last, 6 Pounds, 5 Shillings, & 1 Pence.

To: Moneys paid to Mr. Hide of London per Account of John Mugford per bill, 6 Pounds, & 12 Shillings.

To: Moneys paid Samuell Heall ( Of Exon? ) per Account of John Mugford, 2 Shillings, & 10 Pence.

*Samuel Hill of Topsham? Hill family of earlier Barnstaple, later Topsham, and ( John Hill ) London merchant.

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 47.

February, 1712/1713.

To: Moneys paid Mr. Benjamin for the use of William Mugford, 18 Shillings, & 8 Pence.

To: Moneys paid Jacob Phillips on Account of George Garland, 9 Pounds & 18 Shillings.

To: Moneys paid for buttons of the wife per Account of William Mugford, 8 Shillings.

To: Moneys paid Edward Barber on Account of John Mugford, 11 Shillings.

To: Moneys paid on bill per Account of George Garland, 9 Pounds, & 9 Shillings.

*1708. William Mugford at Port de Grave.

*1708. John Garland adjacent to Anthony Varder, at Little Belle Isle.

*Thomas Martin of Ringwood/Port de Grave wed Emma Garland, daughter of George Garland, a member of an old and distinguished mercantile family based at Poole, in Dorset. Thomas Martin, a son of Joseph Marten & Jane Fryer, attended the Chapel in Meeting House Lane, Ringwood, Hampshire.

Dr. Keith Matthews Name Files. "John Garland file". Family Ties to Salem, Mass. noted. And to family of William Liskcomb/Luscomb.

A Loyalist of the American Revolution" William Lilly migrated from Salem, Massachussetts; to Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, in 1775.

Early coastwise and foreign shipping of Salem: a record of the ... Essex Institute, ?Harriet Silvester Tapley - 1934. *William Lilly to Newfoundland, April 23, 1767.

*Note: William Lilly trading to Newfoundland, pre the American Revolutionary era. Garland and Mugford earlier from Conception Bay, Newfoundland; to Salem, Mass.

Notes and extracts from the records of the First Church in Salem, 1629 to 1736. Communicated By: James A. Emmerton, M.D. Salem, 1879.

*From the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, Vol 15, p. 71.

- Admissions to the First Church in Salem: Page 12.

1721. John Mugford, baptized at Newfoundland.

1721. Jane Luscomb, w. of William, baptized at Newfoundland. ( ?Jane Garland Luscomb, dau of John Garland? )

Page 17. First Church of Salem baptism record. April 5, 1721. William of William & Jane Luscomb.

John Mugford, baptized at Newfoundland, wed in Salem, Mass, March 9, 1722, Mary Liscomb/Luscomb. ( Unitarian and or Congregational association. Dissenting. )

Admitted to Salem church in 1721.

*Luscombe captains sailed Poole to Newfoundland, 1760's. Aka Liscomb.

*Historical Collections of Essex Institute, XV:17, LDS Film #0253248.

Publishments of the intentions of marriage of the town of Salem. vol 1 1708-1760. Salem. 1891.

[From the Salem Press Historical and Genealogical Record, July, 1890.]

Page 27.

James Mugford wed Anna Trask, April 16, 1743. Banns???

April 18th. Mrs. Mugford, mother of James, objected to the marriage proposal. James Mugford was still a minor, at age 17 years.

John Mugford indicates that son James had desired the publication of the Intention of marriage. Because James is but 17 years and nine months old, as of the 26 Instant. ( April 26th ), the marriage is forbidden.

Page 42. Robert Brookhouse wed Sarah Mugford, both of Salem, July 27, 1754.

Page 44. Feb 20, 1756. Mr. Samuel White of Haverhill married the Widow, Mrs. Mary Davis, formerly of Newfoundland, more lately of Ipswich, now of Salem.

*Samuel White, merchant, and major owner of the American Privateer "Minerva", April, 1778. This Privateer "Minerva" under Captain John Grimes, attacked the Labrador Coast, 1778.

*The Widow Davis formerly of Bristol's Hope, Newfoundland?

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Anthony Varder's Ledger. Page 48.

March, 1713.

To: Moneys paid for pair of Shoes for Margaret Mugford, 2 Shillings, & 9 Pence.

Endnotes:

A few details further. Some lines are pertinent. Other lines are but speculation, which may or may not actually connect with the folk of interest. Further research may assist.

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Anthony Varder Sr’s Will mentions a William Davis.

A William Davies/Davis wed Elizabeth Varder, Widow, March 14, 1707, Topsham, Devon. *Widow of Thomas Varder?

*1675, John Garland and William Davis at Bristol's Hope/Musquito Cove, near Carbonear.

*1708. John Garland and Anthony Varder at Little Belle Isle, CB.

*1708. Captain John Davis of Topsham, at Carbonear. Takes 360 quintals of fish to Oporto.

*George Davis ( c. 1725-89 ); his father John Davis (Davies), and grandfather George Davis/Davys; { of Topsham, Carbonear; Bristol, Poole, and London. }

*Watch William & John Davis in the 1706 list of inhabitant militia sent to Port de Grave.

June 11, 1739 Power of Attorney given to Captain John Davis of Bristol, mariner, to demand of Henry Pynn in Newfoundland, debt due to Isaac Hobhouse.

Father to George Davis, the Topsham, Carbonear, Poole, Bristol, and London, merchant?

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Bristol Consistory Court Admons. 1572 - 1792.

Ann Jayne, deceased. Adminstrator, Mary Varder. June, 1771.

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Farder/Varder ?Forder?

Jane Forder wed John Johnes January 14, 1685, Bedminster, Somerset.

Jane Dawes wed 1672, Bedminster, Somerset.

*There was a Samuel Varder of St. Marychurch, Devon; during the early 1700’s. Also at Paignton, later 1700’s.

An Anthony Mugford in early Conception Bay, Newfoundland.

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Andrew Gregory of St. Thomas Parish, Bristol.

Andrew Gregory wed Sarah Jones Nov 8, 1676, at St Thomas, Bristol.

*The Marriage also on Nov 9, 1676 at St Marys, Bristol. St. Marys Redcliffe. "Andrew Grigore".

( Consider Banns, License, and the actual marriage ceremony. Often in different communities. )

1675 Newfoundland Census, Andrew Gregory had no wife. 1677 Census, Andrew Gregory had a wife. 1681 Census, wife & 3 children. Andrew Gregory would have personally known Anthony Varder Sr., of Bay Roberts.

Bristol Cathedral Marriage Bond. Nov 8, 1676. Andrew Gregory of St. Thomas, sailor, and Sarah Jones of St. Thomas. Bondsman: William Lishton of St. Augustine, sailor. At St. Thomas or Redcliffe.

*One is cognizant that detail recorded during the marriage process at the Cathedral, possibly may reveal the specific residence, of both Andrew Gregory and Sarah Jones?

*Was Sarah Jones connected to Daniel Jones, son in Law of Anthony Varder Sr.? To John Jones of Bristol and Port de Grave, in 1700?

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The most intriguing Bristol stat realized to date given surname Jones, Anthony Varder, and Port de Grave; is:

Samuel Daw, Salter/salt boiler/salt maker; wed 2nd? Margaret Jones at Bristol.

Samuel Daw of St. Michael’s Parish? Abraham Daw was a St. Michael’s Parish individual as well.

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Will of Samuel Dawe, Gentleman of Bristol, Gloucestershire

Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers. Name of Register: Lort Quire Numbers: 136 - 179. Will of Samuel Dawe, Gentleman of Bristol, Gloucestershire.

Held by: The National Archives, Kew - Prerogative Court of Canterbury

Date: 27 July 1698

Reference: PROB 11/446/428

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Bristol Consistory Court Wills 1572 - 1792

Thomas Daw 1700

Samuel Daw 1729 City of Bristol – Salt boiler.

James Daw 1782

Margaret Daw 1735 City of Bristol – Widow.

Griffith Dawes 1721

John Dawes 1753

John Dawes 1787

*Samuel Daw wed...Margaret Jones, 1725, at Saint Mary'S Redcliffe.

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The National Archives - Catalogue description

ENGLAND AND WALES: Customs: Commissioners of Customs: E Stanley: forwards letter from...

Reference: T 1/507/14-17

Description: ENGLAND AND WALES: Customs: Commissioners of Customs: E Stanley: forwards letter from the Collector and Comptroller of Poole asking whether young men and boys, who serve on fishing boats going to Newfoundland for two years and are then at liberty to stay in Newfoundland, should be included in returns of emigrants.

Date: 1774 Mar 3

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Salt Cod and the Atlantic Crossing: an important aspect of Exe Estuary life for several centuries. By: Jenny Moon.

"It was inevitable that some fishing servants began to be left for the winter to take care of the plantation..."

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Slade's Men in Newfoundland in 1785/86. Seasonal Planters employed by Slade. Some may have been, or in time became, permanent Planters. ( Servants. A servant could have entailed simply a boat fisherman in Newfoundland. A more experienced boats master. Could have had servants under him. Could have entailed being a more personal servant, assisting the merchant in more direct ways. Cared for the merchants Room(s) or Plantations. Could have caught animals for their furs for market, picked Partridge berries, etc. )

http://sites.rootsweb.com/~cannf/nd_slade1785_86.htm

*Early cases seen of Newfoundland Partridge berries, identified as Cranberries. In records.

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Report from Select committee on Newfoundland trade: with minutes of evidence taken before the committee, and an appendix / ordered, by the House of commons, to be printed, 26...

Published: 1817.

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Select Committee on Newfoundland Trade.

Page 468. George Garland of Poole, Dorset; speaking to the Parliamentary Committee.

“When this trade was first established, the merchants and their immediate servants were the only classes of persons engaged in it. The merchant residing in England made his outfit in the Spring of the year, both as it respected the number of servants he engaged, and the quantity of provisions and tackle he provided, on a scale proportioned to the extent to which he intended to carry on the fishery; the fish was wholly caught, cured, and exported by his own servants, and a very small establishment (if any) was left in the island through the winter. In the process of time, however, a third class of persons sprang up, consisting of servants or sailors, who had chosen to remain in the island after the period of their servitude had elapsed, and of their descendants born in Newfoundland. These persons denominated Planters… …So preferable has this mode of conducting the trade been found, that it has been gradually superseding the first mode adopted…”

Page 471. “Further, this trade is in its nature the most advantageous to the nation [ Britain ] of any that she can possess…”

*A good read. Letters written from Conception Bay describing the 1817 looting of merchant’s stores, etc.

Page 480. “…the usual payment for coming home [ from the Newfoundland Fishery ] was 4 Pounds per head…”

*If a Planter or Servant earned circa 20 Pounds in a 17th or 18th Century Newfoundland” fishery season, would he expend 4 Pounds or 20% of his income, for passage home to England/Britian? Or elect to remain in Newfoundland, considering the risky Atlantic passage?

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The 1661 Charter prevented carrying of passengers to the Newfoundland Fishery. A 1676 Charter revision required masters not to carry persons to Newfoundland.

Planter and bye-boat keepers had their rights confirmed by the Act of 10th and 11th of William III, 1699.

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Minute book of the Men's Meeting of the Society of Friends in Bristol, 1686 - 1704. ( Two-weeks Meeting. ) John Jones, Petitioner for sailing of the "George and Betty" to Newfoundland, 1693. Son of Charles Jones, of the Society of Friends.

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Should one consider the stat: John Tucker from Southeast Devon, wed Mary Daw of Ship Cove, Port de Grave, in 1777?

April 18, 1829. Probate and Admon. Mary Tucker to Thomas Martin & Robert Prowse. Issued May 31, 1829. ( Probate Admon fee of 1 Pound, Paid Mar 31, 1829. )

[If] Ship Cove, Port de Grave, family Daw roots were to be found in Southeast Devon, one may expect plural earlier indicative marriages, preceding that of John Tucker and Mary Daw, in 1777.

In 1796, William Tucker of West Teignmouth, “the only son”, heir at law, and administrator of the goods, of Stephen Tucker, of West Teignmouth…

Indicating that William Tucker’s brother(s) were not at Port de Grave in 1796. His Uncle John Tucker’s family at Port de Grave? What had become of William’s brothers, Robert and James Tucker?

Forenames Nicholas, John, and Samuel; feature early in Ship Cove, Port de Grave; family Daw. Consider some or all of these forenames when seeking ancestors in England. As well, possible mother country surname spelling variations in the early English parochial registers. Doust versus Daw(e)s and variants. Watch both male and female forenames in the early Ship Cove Daw(e) family, in such respect.

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Naming Patterns in England, 1700-1875

1st son -- father's father

2nd son -- mother's father

3rd son -- father

4th son -- father's eldest brother

1st daughter -- mother's mother

2nd daughter -- father's mother

3rd daughter -- mother

4th daughter -- mother's eldest sister

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Consider how many actual connections/associations existed between the Daw family of Ship Cove, Port de Grave; and Southeast Devon folk? The sailing port of Bristol folk?

*It may be required to demonstrate "earlier" association(s) than the firm of Alan Goodridge of Renews, supplying Daw in 1838 and 1841 at Port de Grave. Due to agent/merchant Joseph Furneaux at Port de Grave? Furneaux Goodridge Paignton, Devon; association. ) Alan Goodridge of Paignton, Devon.

Alan Goodridge, son of Henry Goodridge, grandson of Richard; and Joseph Furneaux; both descended from Paignton, Devon. ?Also surnames Kelligrew and Bursell?

Sometimes one has to seek 100 to 150 years earlier in mother Country England, than the appearance of a dated family stat, of interest. To find the association which effected the migration out to early Newfoundland. Do the few lines above here, represent association demonstrated at too late a juncture in time? Or could it be association(s) in the multiple, which often accompanies reality ancestral association? Further research is required.

Thursday, February 15, 1844. Married At Renews, on the 17th ult. , by the Rev. W. Hoyles, Mr. JOHN GOODRIDGE, merchant, to JANE, second daughter of Mr. JOHN KELLIGREW, both of Paignton, Devon.

Samuel Doust, 1686 Paignton Admon.

Nicholas Doust, 1702 Testator?, Paignton, Devon. ?Husband of Joan Langler?

http://www.foda.org.uk/oaths/QS17/2/1/7a.htm

1723 Oath Rolls. Joan Dowse of Tormoham [Marked]. ( Where was Joan’s husband in 1723? )

SOUTH WEST HERITAGE TRUST: Devon Archive Catalogue

James Doust baptized at St. Marychurch, mid 1700's?

Nicholas Dawe in 1841 Census at St. Marychurch, Devon.

Tormohun_Torquay = Tormoham. Torquay/Torbay, St. Marychurch.

Shaldon, Devon. Also known as St Nicholas Shaldon, St Nicholas Ringmore, St Nicholas Teignmouth, and Teignmouth St Nicholas.

Devon Archives. QS/4/1762/Epiphany/RE/22

QUARTER SESSIONS BUNDLES: 1762: EPIPHANY: RECOGNISANCES, 1761

...John Daw of Sheldon, labourer, is bound to appear at the next Session, to be assessed for the maintenance of a bastard child lately born to Mary Clack alias Bowerman. Surety: Nicholas Daw of Sheldon...

Did specific spelling Doust occur in the geography of Bedminster, Bristol? Dawes? At St. Thomas or St. Mary’s Redcliffe, Bristol? For the era of interest. At St. Marychurch, Devon?

In early England, baptism within the Church of England was necessary, if a son wished to become a legal heir to his father's property. Those not baptized in the Church of England, were more likely to serve in the Military, migrate overseas, etc.

John & Toyzey Dawe had son Nicholas “born” Jan 23, 1660 at St. Petrox, Dartmouth. Had son Richard, baptized Nov 5, 1663.

Primogeniture. Elder sons inherit the land. Younger sons had to earn their own way in life.

( Christchurch, Hampshire was previously mentioned by this author, as a possible place to search for family Daw Roots. Although warily, given family Dawe preceded family Coveyduck at Ship Cove, CB. Stemming from consideration of neighbor status at Ship Cove, in the absence of more solid information stat(s) and detail. Chase the immediate communal neighbors and merchants, idea. However, one now currently understands that the Coveyduct/Dawe association at Ship Cove, Port de Grave; occurred at too late a juncture in time, to represent any family Dawe ancestral roots at Christchurch. The Anthony Varder Account Book pretty much eliminates any consideration for family Dawe roots at Christchurch, Hampshire. Previous suggestion of possible Christchurch, Hampshire family Daw(e) roots, now appear to be quite invalid. And is thus noted here. )

Family Coveyduck, Christchurch, Hampshire; didn't answer. Family Anthony, Island of Jersey, won't answer. Family Snow, Island of Jersey, won't answer. Some association in Southeast Devon; or at the geography of Bedminster, Bristol; St. Thomas Parish, Bristol; St. Mary’s Redcliffe, Bristol; may answer.

One may have to seek Dawe family association earlier than the 1690's. Cases have been realized wherein it was necessary to search up to 150 years earlier? To find a family association leading to migration out to early Newfoundland.

Surname Drew, a surname whose spelling is sometimes confused with Daw; appears to be a distinct, separate family, at early St. John's; Newfoundland. ( John Templeman’s 1706 St. John’s Census. )

Is it more likely that Nicholas Prout, and Nicholas Doust, were separate individuals of the latter 1600's era, at Conception Bay?

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The annals of Bristol in the seventeenth century By John Latimer ... Latimer, John, 1824-1904. Pages 67 & 68.

"A renewed attempt was made in 1618 to further the colonization of Newfoundland, Some Bristol merchants obtained a grant of land there from the London and Bristol Chartered Company, and resolved on the establishment of a settlement, to be called "Bristol Hope", apparently not far distant from Guy's little colony at Sea Forest. The project, however like its forerunner, was abandoned after a few years' trial."

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How much of the following, will pertain to the early Conception Bay Pynn family?

George Payne apprenticed to Robert Aldworth, Feb 12, 1616. George Payne became a freeman merchant, June 11, 1624, at Bristol. Paine.

Anne Harris marriage: 1723 Saint Mary'S Redcliffe, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. spouse: Henry Payne.

Ann Harris marriage: 1736 Saint Mary'S Redcliffe, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. spouse: Robert Tidman.

Stephen Tideman, master of the "Thomas & Elizabeth", at Port de Grave, 1675.

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Pyne Henry - Bristol merchant bankrupt 1726 12 Aug.

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Access to Archives.

C 11/789/18 Davis vs Pynn, 1732. Court of Chancery. Six Clerks Office. Pleadings.

Plaintiffs: John Davis, merchant of Bristol.

Defendants: Henry Pynn, mariner of Bristol.

1730 = date of first bill. Depositions taken at Bristol, 1733.

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The Trade of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century, Volume 20. By Walter E. Minchinton. Pages 150/151.

Power of Attorney, June 11, 1739, Bristol.

Isaac Hobhouse of Bristol, merchant, appointed Captain John Davis of Bristol, Mariner, attorney to receive from Henry Pynn now at Newfoundland...

*Was Captain John Davis of Topsham and Carbonear?

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Will of Henry Pynn of the city of Bristol.

File consists of two manuscript copies of the will as registered.

Date: 1738, registered 1751.

Number: MG 233.2

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Reports of Cases argued and Determined in the English Ecclesiastical Courts, by Edward D. Ingraham, Esq. Vol 5. 1835. Pages 296,7,8,9.

Henry Pynn died intestate in Oct, 1750 at Newfoundland. Henry left a widow and 10 children. 3 children by his first wife and 7 by his second wife Ann. 6 children were minors at the time of administration of Henry Pynn's estate in April 1752. Henry's 2nd wife Ann Pynn, wed Michael Stretch, her former husband's business clerk. The PCC granted administration of Henry Pynn's estate, to his second wife Ann ( nee? ) Pynn Stretch. Augustus Pynn, eldest son by the first wife of Henry, was 17 years in Newfoundland. Augustus Pynn had sought administration of his father's estate in the PCC in April 1752.

( Per the 1675 Census, Henry Pynn & wife are resident at Carbonear. )

http://www2.grenfell.mun.ca/nfld_history/letterbook/GN2-1-A-9.htm

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Reference: PROB 3/51/15

Pynn, Henry, Harbour Grace, in Newfoundland, in parts beyond the seas, (ship's chandler). Ann Stretch, formerly Pynn, wife of Michael Stretch, relict and adtrix.

Note: 8 mm. ( Not digitized. )

Date: 1752 May 13

Authors: Church of England. Province of Canterbury. Prerogative Court (Main Author)

Admon. Act Books 1751-1753 FHL film # 93289

Henry Pynn wed Ann Thistle? Ann Thistle/Pynn/Stretch. Surnames representing Guernsey?, Bristol & Ireland.

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Bill of Sale from Ann Stretch, to Matthew Anthony, 1765, Ship Cove, Port de Grave. Volume 17, page 242.

John Dunscombe from William Anthony. Vol 9, page 182.

Dunscombe & Co from William Pine. Vol 10, page 142. Pynn. { Ann Pynn wed Michael Stretch }

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Reference:PROB 11/717/385

Description: Will of Anne Pyne, Wife of Bristol, Gloucestershire

Date: 02 April 1742

Held by: The National Archives, Kew

Name of Register: Trenley Quire Numbers: 92 - 140

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Susannah Pynn wed Conway Heightington of Bristol & Harbour Grace. Her sister Catherine Pynn wed Captain Taverner of Poole, Dorset.

Catherine Pynn inherited land from the Pynn family in Newfoundland, which had a title predating the time when anyone other than the crown, was officially entitled to own any land in Newfoundland. From: Mansions & Merchants of Poole and Dorset, page 184, by Derek Beamish, John Hillier & HFV Johnstone.

St. Pauls, Trinity Bay Church Register.

1799, Aug 21(st) Married Richard Ash Master of the Ship Lion & Catherine [Pynn*] Widow of the late Andrew Taverner of this Harbour.

[Niece of Sir Henry Pynn of Harbour Grace daughter of [Geo.?] Augustis Pynn.*]

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Does this Edward Baker pertain to Port de Grave?

PCC Will of Edward Baker or Beaker Cook, bound on a voyage to Sea, Batchelor of Bristol,...

Reference: PROB 11/675/152

Date: 26 January 1736

Held by: The National Archives, Kew

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*Honourable James Morgan, former Progressive Conservative MLA, Newfoundland.

*An old sea dog captain, jokingly called him “Jimmy Jigger”. That swarthy man, of Irish descent.

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