Conception Bay North Region ~ Carbonear District
Transcribed and contributed by David Anstey, Jan, 2023. While I have endeavored to be as correct as humanly possible, there may be errors. One should always check and compare with the original.
April,1725, Examination of James Stammers, Mariner, aged 19 years. Foremast Man, on the Triumvirate, Joel Davis, Master.
Partial extract of the April, 1725, Examination of James Stammers, Mariner, aged 19 years. Foremast Man, [ or common sailor ], on the Triumvirate, Joel Davis, Master. HCA 1/55 1721-1725. Examinations of pirates and other criminals. Folios 135v-136r.
The Examination of the said James Stammers of Bristol, Mariner, aged 19 years. That on the 30th Day of December last past, a Ship called the Tryumvirate, ( whereof Joel Davis was Master, & the Examinate a foremast Man ), laden with dry fish from Newfoundland, bound to Lisbon, being about 15 Leagues from Vigo, bound thither for Orders; was taken by a pirate Ship called at some times the George, & at other times the Revenge. Whereof John Smith was Commander. And the said Pirates took out of her, him the Examinate, & [ Thomas Garland — crossed out ], & all the rest of her Company. And also took out a Cable, a Hawser, two Hoggs of Butter, a new foresail, a quarter Cask of Rum, a silver Cup, Six silver Spoons, & the Master's silver Watch, & two Guns of 2 Pounders, & ye said Cable was new, & also took all the Clothes belonging to the said Master & men. And made them all Prisoners on board the said pirate Ship 2 Days & a Night. And then discharged the said Master & all the Men, except the Examinate, & Thomas Garland. And sent the said Master & men... …on board the said Ship the Tryumvirate, & they went away with her. And saith that John Davis of Bristol, the father of the said Joel Davis, was the sole Owner of ye said Ship, & her Lading. And the Examinate, & the said Thomas Garland begged to go along with the rest of the Company. And the said Smith then swore that he would keep all the young Men that he could get, till his Ship was fully manned. And swore that they should not go, & forced them to continue on board. And saith that ye said Ship proceeded to the Orkneys. And there 10 Men went away in the long boat in the Night time. Which boat belonged to the Tryumvirate, & was a new boat, & cost fifteen pounds. And was taken from her by the said Pirates. And believes yt ye foresail abovementioned cost 6 or 7 pounds... …And he, the Examinate was sick on board the said Ship, at the time when she run aground.
Signum: Jacobi + Stammers. His mark.
Capt Coram me, April 10, 1725. Charles Pinfold. Present me. B. Rushworth, Notary Public.
Deposition taken before the Worshipful Charles Pinfold, Doctor of Laws, one of the Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer, & Gaol Delivery, for the Admiralty of England. At his Chambers at Doctor's Commons, London, the 10th of April, 1725. In the Presence of Brian Rushworth, Notary Public.
*Pirates. London. 1921. ( Reprinted from the fifth edition, as printed in 1735. ) Page 154. "Two days after this, they took the Triumvirate, a Bristol Sloop, Joel Davis Master, bound from Newfoundland to Oporto, with fish; from whence they took all her provisions, arms, sails, and two of her men, and then let her go with the rest, and all her cargo."
*Other sources, including published pirate books, provide further information on Pirate John Smith, alias John Gow, and his prizes; Alexander Robb, Glasgow cabin boy pressed aboard the "Revenge", etc.
*HCA 1/55 also provides additional depositions, on John Smith's prizes. Including among others…
The Examination of William Oliver of Poole, foremast Man on the "Delight", Captain Thomas Wise. The Examination of James Belbin of Poole, foremast Man on the "George", Galley, out of Amsterdam, Captain Oliver Fourneau. The Examination of John Smith, alias Gow, April 2, 1725. HCA 1/55. ff 105-106. ( Who was the 2nd Mate and Gunner of the "George", Galley, of 200 Tons & 14 Guns, belonging to Mr. Bougar, a French Merchant living at Amsterdam. And the captain of the "Revenge", formerly the "George", Galley. ) The Examination of James Williams, March 27, 1725. HCA 1/55. ff 103-104. A foremast man of the "George", Galley, Mr. Oliver Fourneau, master, out of Amsterdam. ( James Williams was placed on board the Triumvirate when released by Captain John Smith; and later placed on board HMS Argyle, Captain Bowler, at Lisbon, by Captain Joel Davis. )
*The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700-1750. Peter Wilson Coldham. Genealogical Publishing Company Inc., Baltimore. 1992. Page 193. Feb 8, 1717. Shippers by the "Triumvirate", Mr. Henry Pynn, bound from Bristol for New York: John Edwards & Co. ( PRO: E 190/1181/1 )
*CO 1/1222. April, 1717. John Edwards of Bristol, John Davis, and Daniel Peirce, owned the “Triumvirate", ship, of 59 Tons & 10 Men. New York to Newfoundland with provisions. Rum, Molasses.
*Anthony Varder's Bristol Ledger. 1697. "By a Cargo of Goods Bought of Daniel Pearse. ( Daniel Pearse of Ireland. John Davis of Bristol, and Carbonear, Newfoundland. And Lympstone, Devon?)
*Candidate for Daniel Pearse. ( In 1720, Daniel Pearse, a Cork merchant. In 1722 a Daniel Pearse was Mayor of Cork, Ireland. In 1723/1735 Alderman Daniel Pearse, of Cork. Had an only son Daniel Pearse. )
*The voyage above here, per ( PRO: E 190/1181/1 ), is a case where Newfoundland is not officially listed as part of the voyage. One in which Newfoundland obviously was an interim lading port. Commonly, the Ports of Departure and Arrival as officially and variously listed, often excludes the interim Lading Port at Newfoundland. Another example can be seen below here, regarding the ship "Delight", Captain Thomas Wise, out of Poole, Dorset.
Pirates. With a foreword and sundry decorations by C. Lovat Fraser. Published 1921. Author: Fraser, Claud Lovat, 1890-1921. Johnson, Charles, fl. 1724-1736. On page 150, referring to: The pirate ship "Revenge", Captain John Smith, alias John Gow. ( Earlier named the "George", Galley, Captain Oliver Ferneau. ) "they contented themselves with fish, which they took out of a ship called the Delight of Poole, Thomas Wise, Master, bound from New England to Cadiz, out of which they took the men, and what they wanted, and then sunk the Ship, to prevent their being discovered to the English Men-of-War who lay in the Streights."
*Bound from Newfoundland to Vigo. Per the Examination of William Oliver, foremast Man of the "Delight" of Poole, Dorset; on April 5, 1725. Newfoundland being a Lading Port, as part of a multiple leg voyage. Europe to New England, to Newfoundland, to the Mediterranean, to Europe.
"...saith that about two Days after they took a Bristol Ship one Davis Master, laden with fish from Newfoundland, bound for Vigo out of which they took a Cask of Rum, some Sugar, 200 weight of Bread, a Cask of Cod..."
*A Joel Davis of Lympstone, Devon, Mariner, Jan 14, 1724. *A Joel Davis, Mariner of Mosquito, early 1700's. Family Search, and Find my Past, does not have any info for any Joel Davis, Mariner, of Lympstone, Devon, 1724. Find my Past indicates plural Davis folk, at Lympstone. ( Further research is required. )
It appears further research is required at Lympstone, Devon, and or St. Stephen, Bristol, for the Carbonear Davis family.
*Bristol marriage bonds.
Nov 8, 1676. Andrew Gregory, of St. Thomas, sailor; and Sarah Jones, of St. Thomas. Bondsman: William Lishton, of St. Augustine, sailor: at St. Thomas or Redcliffe. 61.
Oct 5, 1695. John Davis, of Bristol, sailor; and Patience Edwards, of St. Stephen, Widow. Bondsman: Henry Warren, of Bristol, joiner: at St. Stephen. 60.
( These folk above, apparently were father and mother, to Susanna Carwithen and Joel Davis. ( Joel Davis was deceased pre July 29, 1731. His step brother Samuel Davis, was born circa 1732. Marriage bonds and allegations preceded a marriage License. Does any Bristol marriage allegation survive for this couple? Which might show the ages, and specific residence, of both parties. Including the groom’s occupation. A marriage License did not require the usual “residence period” as Banns did. Thereby, it is noted here, that John Davis “of Bristol”, is not a literal foregone conclusion. Merely, it is a minimum understanding, that John Davis was “at Bristol”, for the Allegation, Bond, and License. Whether the marriage bond below here is pertinent to John Davis and Patience Edwards, requires further research? )
Nov 1692. John Davis, of Bristol, sailor; and Martha Estwick, of St. Stephen. Bondsman: Guy Hill, of Bristol, painter: at St. Stephen. 208.
Dec 17, 1696. Jacob Brady, of Bristol, cooper; and Hester Trippett, of St. Nicholas. Bondsman: Benjamin Hellier, of Bristol, cooper. 49.
Feb 16, 1699. Jeremiah Screen, of Bristol, currier; and Sarah Jones, of St. Thomas. Bondsman: Daniel Jones, of Bristol, serjeant, at St. Augustine, Cathedral, or Bishop's Chapel. 7.
July 19, 1699. John Necks, of Bristol, sailor; and Ann White, of St. James, Widow. Bondsman: John White, of Bristol, sailor, at St. James. 86. ( ?Any connection to Thomas Neck of Bay Roberts, Newfoundland? )
July 11, 1700. Daniel Jones Jr., of Bristol, currier; and Mary Varder, of St. Thomas. Bondsman: Johnathan James, of Bristol, Maltster, at St. Thomas, or Clifton. 83.
Nov 8, 1701. Jacob Brady of Bristol, cooper, and Elizabeth Varder, spinster, of St. Thomas. Bondsman: Jeremiah Skrine of Bristol, currier, at St. Thomas, or Redcliffe.
*The History of Salem, Massachusetts. By: Sidney Perley. Salem, Mass. 1928. Page 379. John Garland who came from Newfoundland, died here August 20, 1708, in his seventy-seven year.
*The Anthony Varder Ledger indicates the progression of Garland business dealings, from John Garland, to his son George Garland.
*George Garland did business with Salem folk.
*Essex Institute historical collections. Vol 44. Salem, 1908. Page 329. Forty days sight draft from George Garland to Richard Gifford on Captain John Davis, merchant in Bristol, for 5 Pounds, 10 Shillings Sterling. Dated at Little Belle Isle, October 1, 1720. Indorsed by Richard Gifford, by mark, to John Lloyd. Salem, Dec. 10, 1720.
*George Garland at Little Belle Isle, CB, 1720. John Garland at Little Belle Island, 1708.
*It may appear that George Garland was still resident on Little Belle Island in 1720? Post the Treaty of Utrecht, of 1713.
*Other Conception Bay families can be found staying on the Islands for a period, in similar fashion. Prior to returning to the former bays and coves, where they resided previously.
*Circa 1740, George Garland; and Captain Samuel Thurman, who had captained for many years to Newfoundland for John Davis; was enjoined to collect debts owing to John Davis at Newfoundland. These debts were collected via fish and oil shipped to Lisbon.
*Dr. Keith Matthews Name files. George Garland, son of (?) Esq., eminent merchant of Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, buried at Bristol, on May 18, 1753. Smallpox. Reference from the Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, Bristol, May 19th.
*Family Search, and Find my Past, does not indicate which Bristol Parish, wherein George Garland’s burial occurred. ( This as of Aug, 2022. )
*Further possible sources to search include: Bristol administration bonds, 1661-1857. Bristol probate inventories, volume 60. 1690-1804. Bristol Probate Records, 1726-1857.
*Ecclesiastical History of Newfoundland - Page 172. Aug 15, 1755. Order of Richard Dorrill, Governor, to Mr. George Garland of Harbour Grace, to apprehend a priest... ( Mr. George Garland = over the age of 21 Years. )
*Bristol Record Society, Volume 6. The Deposition Books of Bristol. 1643-1647.
Page 43. On Dec 2, 1643, George Garland, Bristol Mariner, aged about 28 years, deposed that in June 1641, he went boatswain in the "Marygold" of Bristol, 200 Tons. To St. Sebastian in the West Indies; and Cadiz. The goods ( hoops and pipe staves ) being consigned to Mr. John Creswick, merchant.
April 18, 1646. Deposition that William Fludde of Bristol, was Mariner, Master, mate or Pilot, of the "Jeremiah" of London. The "Jeremiah" voyaged Bristol-Lisbon-Newfoundland-Lisbon-Bristol, in 1645. Arriving back at Bristol about Dec 26, 1645. Shipper: Mr. Richard Long, the elder, & Co. Master of the last voyage: George Salter.
April 23, 1647. Thomas Garland of Clifton, Gloucester, seaman, aged about 30 years, deposes he was boatswain of the ship "Jeremy" of London, 240 Tons, George Salter, Master, in her last voyage to Lisbon and Newfoundland. Wherein William Willmott, carpenter, was paid his wages, only abating personal freight charges for goods for his own use, which he bought in Newfoundland.
*“Jeremy” ( aka “Jeremiah” ), is a practical, and most likely, consideration.
The 1817 Methodist Report for Newfoundland, includes contributors: James Cawley Esq., Mr. James Cowan, Mrs. Cowan, Mr. J. Henderson, Mr. B. Henderson, W. Lilly Esq., and Mrs. Thistle. ( All?, Garland Pynn relations. Methodist dissenters. )
Would there be any Clifton, Gloucestershire, connections, to Thomas Garland of the Triumvirate in 1724?
*Urbane and Rustic England: Cultural Ties and Social Spheres ... Carl B. Estabrook · 1998. Pages 12-13, & 17. "Thomas Garland of Clifton, Mariner, in 1680, owned 60 sheep at value 60 Pounds. A five minute walk from the quays at St. Augustine." BRO Probate Inventories. ( T. Garland, 1680. Garland was worth 579 Pounds, 38 Shillings, & 10 Pence at the time of his death, and was clearly more than a deckhand. )
*The Thomas Garland family at Clifton, Gloucestershire, were Methodists. Circa 1740.
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