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World War 1: Army
During the great war Canada would field a total of four divisions. Each division would be comprised of three
infantry brigades with four battalions to each brigade.
1st Canadian Division
The 1st Division was formed from the first Canadian contingent which sailed from Canada on October 3rd, 1914.
- 1st Brigade
- 1st Battalion: Western Ontario Battalion
- 2nd Battalion: Eastern Ontario Battalion
- 3rd Battalion: Toronto Regiment
- 4th Battalion:
- 2nd Brigade
- 5th Battalion: Western Canadian Cavalry
- 7th Battalion: 1st British Columbia Regiment
- 8th Battalion: The Black Devils/ 90th Winnipeg Rifles
- 10th Battalion: 10th Canadians
- 3rd Brigade
- 13th Battalion: Royal Highlanders of Canada
- 14th Battalion: Royal Montreal Regiment
- 15th Battalion: 48th Highlanders of Canada
- 16th Battalion: Canadian Scottish
2nd Canadian Division
The 2nd Canadian Division was formed on the 25th of May 1915 and joined the 1st Canadian Division in France in September 1915. Together they formed the Canadian Corps.
- 4th Brigade
- 18th Battalion: Western Ontario Regiment
- 19th Battalion:
- 20th Battalion: 1st Central Ontario Regiment
- 21st Battalion:
- 5th Brigade
- 22nd Battalion: Canadiens Francais
- 24th Battalion: Victoria Rifles
- 25th Battalion: Nova Scotia
- 26th Battalion: New Brunswick Battalion
- 6th Brigade
- 27th Battalion: City of Winnipeg Regiment
- 28th Battalion: North West Regiment
- 29th Battalion: Tobin's Tigers/Vancouver Regiment
- 31st Battalion: Alberta Regiment
3rd Canadian Division
The 3rd Canadian Division joined the Canadian Corps in June 1916.
- 7th Brigade
- Royal Canadian Regiment
- Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
- 42nd Battalion: Royal Highlanders of Canada
- 49th Battalion: Edmonton
- 8th Brigade
- 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles
- 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles
- 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles
- 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles
- 9th Brigade
- 43rd Battalion: Cameron Highlanders
- 52nd Battalion: New Ontario Regiment
- 58th Battalion
- 116th Battalion: Ontario County Infantry
4th Canadian Division
The 4th Canadian Division joined the Canadian Corps in October 1916.
- 10th Brigade
- 44th Battalion
- 46th Battalion: South Saskatchewan
- 47th Battalion
- 50th Battalion: Calgary Regiment
- 11th Brigade
- 54th Battalion: Kootenay
- 75th Battalion
- 87th Battalion: Canadian Grenadier Guards
- 102nd Battalion: North British Columbians
- 12th Brigade
- 38th Battalion: Royal Ottawa
- 72nd Battalion: Seaforth Highlanders
- 78th Battalion: Winnipeg Grenadiers
- 85th Battalion: Nova Scotia Highlanders
5th Canadian Divison
This Division was authorized in June 1917 to be formed from Canadian units already in England. However it was broken up and its components used to re-inforce the Canadian Corps in the field.
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