Battles of War of 1812
On July 12, 1812, the Americans advanced towards Canada. U.S. forces were ordered to invade Canada at points between Detroit and Montreal, but poor planning, organization, and leadership undermined this strategy. Brock quickly ordered an attack on the American Forts Michilimackinac and Dearborn (present day Chicago), and a small force of British troops and Canadian voyageurs captured the forts easily. In August, the American officer Hull landed at Sandwich (present day Windsor, Ontario) with 2000 soldiers. A force of British regulars, local militia and natives forced Hull to retreat to Detroit. British general Isaac Brock, together with the northwestern Native Americans led by the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, captured Detroit. Canada had won the first round.
A second invasion attempt at Queenston Heights on the Niagara Peninsula then occured. Just before dawn on 13 October 1812, American troops rowed across the Niagara River to attack. Brock was killed but his bravery and daring inspired his men to push the American troops back across the Niagara River. Brock was buried at Fort George as the Americans fired a respectful salute from across the river. At this point in the war, many picked up guns in defense of Upper Canada, spurred on by Brock's example.