Canadian Military Heritage Project - Find your military ancestors!

Canadian Military Heritage Project
FIND YOUR MILITARY ANCESTORS!

Search free Canadian ancestors' letters Find Canadian ancestors in in free searchable military databases for each war and rebellion Canada has been involved in. Build your family tree, and rediscover history. Find your military roots and learn your military history.

FIRST NAME

LAST NAME

LOCALITY

Home | Site Map | Free Newsletter | Shop for Genealogy | Search this site

 

Genealogy & History
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestorsOlive Tree Genealogy ships passenger lists to Canada
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors Images of Ships Passenger Lists
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors AllCensusRecords.com USA & Canada Census Records
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestorsLoyalist Genealogy
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors Canadian Genealogy
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors Military Records Military records for USA & Canada
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors NaturalizationRecords.com at Naturalization Records USA & Canada
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors Past Voices: Letters Home Poignant old letters
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors Lost Faces Find ancestors in Old Photo Albums Rescued
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestors The Paper Trail Find ancestors in Old Documents online
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestorsAncestors At Rest - Death records
Search Ships passenger lists, census, vital stats, church records, military, find your ancestorsGreat War (WW1) Homepage

... Partner Sites
Genealogy Newsletter
Find your ancestors, build your family tree for FREE! JOIN the FREE Olive Tree Genealogy Newsletter. Be the first to know of genealogy events and freebies. Find out when new genealogy databases are put online. Get tips for finding your elusive brick-wall ancestor.
Wars
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your French Indian Wars ancestorsFrench-Indian Wars 17th Century
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your American Revolution (Revolutionary War) Loyalist & Patriot ancestorsAmerican Revolution 1775 - 1783
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for yourWar of 1812 ancestorsWar of 1812 1812 - 1814
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Rebellion of 1837 ancestorsRebellion of 1837 1837 - 1838
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Fenian Raids ancestorsFenian Raids 1866 & 1870
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Red River Rebellion ancestorsRed River Rebellion 1869 - 1870
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Nile Expedition ancestorsNile Expedition 1884
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your NorthWest Rebellion ancestorsNorth West Rebellion 1885
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Boer War ancestorsSouth African War (Boer War) 1899 - 1902
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW I ancestorsWWI 1914 - 1919
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW1 & Siberian ancestorsSiberian Expeditionary Force 1918 - 1919
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Spanish Civil War ancestors Spanish Civil War
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your WW 2 ancestorsWW II 1939 - 1945
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Korean War ancestorsKorean War 1950 - 1953
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Vietnam War ancestorsVietnam War
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your Gulf War ancestorsGulf War
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your War against Terrorism ancestorsWar in Afghanistan 2001
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your ancestorsPeacekeeping Missions

Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your ancestorsMilitary Links
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your ancestorsMiscellaneous Lists of Soldiers
Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for your ancestorsFind Your Canadian Military Ancestor
Genealogy History Books
Genealogy & History Books
Documents Online!
Paper Trail - Assorted Documents: Wills, land records, marriage certs, passports, indentures, slave records, estate inventories...
Family Bibles
AncestorsAtRest - Death Records: Wills, obits, funeral cards, memorial cards, death cards...
Past Voices Scads of letters from 1800s & 1900s
Visitor Favourites
Find your military ancestors! War of 1812 Muster Rolls
Find your military ancestors!Fenian Raid Photos
Find your military ancestors! Find Your WW1 Ancestor

 

Historical Overview War of 1812

By Lorine McGinnis Schulze

There were three causes of the war:

Find your military ancestorsBritain and France had been at war since 1793. British naval supremacy was unchallenged. American ships thought they could remain neutral and thus traded freely, but neither France nor Britain could accept this. They forbad trade with either country. President Madison had offered to resume trade with Great Britain but they refused. Madison turned to Congress for help and in May 1810 they passed Macon's Bill Number 2. Macon's Bill Number 2 restored free trade with Europe but in March 1811 Madison renewed the embargo against Britain. Feelings ran high.

Find your military ancestorsBritish ships could stop and search Merchant ships on the high seas in their hunt for runaway sailors. Many sailors deserted but American merchant captains were angry when British captains took their sailors, claiming they were British runaways.

Find your military ancestorsAcitivities in the northwest raised American fears. Native tribes banded together under Tecumseh and his brother, The Prophet, to defend their lands against settlers. The US government believed that the British were encouraging the natives to attack.

MADISON ADDRESSES CONGRESS

In June 1812, Madison brought his war message to Congress.
"The conduct of her (Great Britain's) government presents a series of acts hostile to the United States as an independent and neutral nation. British cruisers have been in the continued pratice of violating the American flag on the great highway of nations, and of seizing and carrying off persons sailing under it...Not content with these occasional expedients for laying waste our neutral trade, the cabinet of Britain resorted at length to the sweeping system of blockades under the name of orders in council...
We behold our seafaring citizens still the daily vicitims of lawless violence...
We behold our vessels...wrested from their final destinations...
We behold, in fine, on the side of Great Britain a state of war against the United States, and on the side of the United States a state of peace towards Great Britain."

Thomas Jefferson himself said

"the acquisition of Canada....would be a mere matter of marching."

WAR IS DECLARED

On June 18th the USA was officially at war with Great Britain. The vote was close - 19 for and 13 against. Although this war was supposed to be about rights at sea, the principal target was Upper Canada (present day Ontario). The Maritime Colonies were not targeted because they were strongly Loyalist and easily defended by the British Navy. Lower Canada (present day Quebec) was strongly anti-American, and had a well organized militia. That left Upper Canada, whose population, while stemming from a large Loyalist population originally, was now populated with settlers, many of whom who had migrated from the USA. Upper Canada was thinly populated and weakly defended. American politicians believed that the inhabitants would accept American troops, not as invaders, but as liberators from British rule.

MADISON DELIVERS A PROCLAMATION TO UPPER CANADA

When war began, Hull delivered Madison's proclamation to Upper Canada:
"Inhabitants of Canada! After thirty years of peace and prosperity, the United States have been driven to arms. The injuries and aggressions, the insults and indignities of Great Britain, have once more left them no alternative but manly resistance or unconditional submission.
The army under my command has invaded your country....To the peaceable, unoffending inhabitant it brings neither danger nor difficulty. I come to find enemies not to make them. I come to protect, not to injure you.
Separated by an immense ocean and an extensive wilderness from Great Britain, you have no participation in her councils, no interest in her conduct. You have felt her tyranny, you have seen her injustice...
I promise protection to your persons, property and rights...Many of your fathers fought for that freedom and independence which we now enjoy."

BROCK RESPONDS

Ten days later, Sir Isaac Brock, military and civilian leader of Upper Canada, responded:
"Where is the Canadian subject who can truly affirm to himself that he has been injured by the Government in his person, his property, or his liberty?
Settled not thirty years ago by a band of veterans exiled from their former possessions on account of their loyalty, not a descendant of these brave people is to be found who...has not acquired a property and means of employment superior to what were possessed by their ancestors..
Are you prepared, inhabitants of Canada, to become the willing subjects - or rather slaves - to the despot (Napoleon) who rules the nations of continental Europe with a rod of iron? If not, arise in a body, exert your energies, co-operate cordially with the King's regular forces to repel the invader, and do not give cause to your children, when groaning under the oppression of a foreign master, to reproach you with having so easily parted with the richest inheritance of this earth - a participation in the name, character and freedom of Britons."
Statistically the USA had ten times the population of Upper Canada; the American army numbered 7000 soldiers with additional militia strength of close to 7000. The British had less than 5000 soldiers in North America.

Not all of the United States was in favour of war ~ and critics of Madison did not believe his reasons for declariing it. John Randolph of Roanoake, Virginia loudly proclaimed:

"Agrarian cupidity not maritime rights urges this war. Ever since the report of the Committee on Foreign Relations came into the House, we have heard but one word like the whip-poor-will, but one eternal monotonous tone - Canada! Canada! Canada! Not a syllable about Halifax which unquestionably should be our great object in a war for maritime security. "

THE BATTLES

In Canada the war was fought on five fronts:

Find your military ancestorsMichilimackinac on Mackinac Island at the mouth of Lake Michegan

Find your military ancestorsThe western shores of Lake Erie

Find your military ancestorsNiagara Frontier

Find your military ancestorsThe St. Lawrence River between Kingston and Cornwall

Find your military ancestorsSouth of Montreal

The War ended on Christmas Eve, 1814, when The Treaty of Ghent was signed. There was no clear cut winner of the War of 1812, and history books disagree on a victor. However, both the United States and Canada emerged from the war with an increased sense of national purpose and awareness.

Sources:

Encarta Encyclopedia 1996

Canada: Years of Challenge to 1814. Elspeth Deir. Paul Deir. Keith Hubbard

The American Challenge. James R. Christopher. Bryan C. Vickers. 1987

Lost Faces Ancestor Photos from the 1800s

Wishing you had an ancestor photograph? Check out the 1800s photographs and antique photo albums on Lost Faces. There are over 2,500 photos in this growing genealogy collection

Ancestry.com Databases

1851 Census of Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia
1901 Census of Canada
1906 Canada Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
The Naval Service of Canada: Its Official History
Ontarian families : genealogies of United-Empire loyalists and other pioneer families of Upper Canada
Rebellion of 1837, Upper Canada
War of 1812: Miscellaneous Canadian Records
Smith's Canadian gazetteer
The Canadian biographical dictionary

Find Military Ancestors

Soldiers of the First World War (CEF) searchable database
Courts-martial of the First World War
War Diaries of the First World War
Soldiers of the South African War, 1899 - 1902
Second World War Service Files: Canadian Armed Forces War Dead
Soldiers of the South African War, 1899 - 1902
Second World War Service Files: Canadian Armed Forces War Dead

Your ancestors' names may be waiting for you!

Great news! Ancestry is offering several different FREE trials of their most popular databases. These databases include history and genealogy records 14 Day FREE Trial Annual US Deluxe Membership
14 Day FREE Trial Annual World Deluxe Membership
   

French-Indian Wars | American Revolution | War of 1812 | Rebellion of 1837 | Civil War | Fenian Raids | Red River Rebellion | Nile Expedition | North West Rebellion | South African (Boer) War | WW1 | Siberian Expeditionary Force | Spanish Civil War | WWII | Korean War | Vietnam War | Gulf War | War in Afghanistan | Peacekeeping Missions | Military Cartoons

 

URL: https://sites.rootsweb.com/~canmil/   All rights reserved. Website Canadian Military Heritage Project

These pages may be linked to freely but not duplicated without written consent.
These pages are copyright 2002 - present
CMHP graphic copyright by Canadian Military Heritage Project

Search Canadian Military Heritage Project for yourWar of 1812 ancestors The Poppy is a Trademark of Dominion Command, Royal Canadian Legion, and is used on The Canadian Military Heritage Project with permission