The Pinchbeck Family of Williams Lake
This pioneer family profile has largely been compiled from public records. Thanks to Bill Foyle, Dorine nee Pinchbeck and Francis John Frederick Pinchbeck for offering to share their information on the Pinchbeck family. Please forward any comments/corrections or additions of this profile to Wanda Story.
1831-William Pinchbeck was born in Yorkshire, England. His father was Robert Pinchbeck (1804-1885). William had 5 brothers, Anderson, John, Michael, Joseph and James. Michael and Anderson would later immigrate to Australia and Argentina.
1849-William Pinchbeck immigrated to the new world at the age of 18 years, from England. He first followed the gold rush to San Francisco and operated a roadhouse there.
-William would later move to Victoria and joined the new city police force there.
1860 -Constable William Pinchbeck and Philip Nind, Gold Commissioner and Justice of the Peace, were sent to the Cariboo to keep law and order as the impending Gold Rush gathered momentum. They left Fort Hope, and traveled the Boston Bar Trail to Lytton, then on to the Cariboo. They arrived nearly a month later at Davidson's farm, just past the end of Williams Lake on August 25th.
1861 - In October Nind requested a leave of absence and received it in December and he went to England. William Pinchbeck and Thomas Hankin remained to carry on the governments business. William Pinchbeck and his partner Thomas Meldrum took up land half a mile south of the Davidson farm. William applied for a 160 acre pre-emption on April 17. They built a roadhouse and operated a store. Later William Lyne arrived and the three partners formed an alliance known as Pinchbeck & Co.. William Pinchbeck set up a racetrack and drew a large group of spectators numbering in the hundreds. It was said there was as much as $100,000 at stake on the race. The race was between Doc English's horse and Phil Grinder's horse and would be over a 600 yard course. Doc English's horse won and the racetrack saw many more races.
- Constable Pinchbeck built himself a stopping house on the northwest hill overlooking Williams Lake. It would eventually include eight bedrooms, a restaurant, bar and store. William was famous for his "White Wheat Whiskey" at 25 cents a shot.
1863 - William Pinchbeck stayed on in the Williams Lake Valley and together with his partners Thomas J. Meldrum and William Lyne they began to acquire land and bought up other pre-emptions. They became known as Pinchbeck and Company would eventually own the entire Williams Lake Valley, 2,000 acres of it fenced and 700 acres under cultivation. The photo above is circa 1863 courtesy of Howard Pinchbeck.
- William Pinchbeck set up a home with Chulminick (said to mean "flower"), an Indian maiden believed to be the daughter of Chief William of the Sugar Cane Tribe for whom the lake is named. They homesteaded on the current Stampede Grounds in Williams Lake. They would have at least 2 sons.
1866 - Thomas Meldrum left the area and sold his share in Pinchbeck and Company back to William.
1867 - A son William (Billy) Felix Pinchbeck was born on October 11th, to William and Chulminick.
1872 - James Pinchbeck was born to William and Chulminick.
- William Pinchbeck became the policeman, and jailer, but it is said that he never carried a gun.
- The Pinchbeck Roadhouse was busy even though the Cariboo Wagon Road did not pass by it. In the winter miners boarded for $8.00 per week. Meals were 50 cents and drinks were 25 cents.
1877 - William Pinchbeck was paid $5.00 by the BC Government for working as a Clerk during a Court of Appeal.
1881 - William Pinchbeck is listed in the 1881 census as 49 years old and a farmer. He lists himself as English and belonging to the Church of England. William is shown sharing a residence with his sons William, aged 13 and James, aged 10 years, both born in BC. No wife is listed. Also at his residence is his partner William Lyne and his two sons, William and John. Also in his residence are Robert Starrett, Andrew Peterson, Thomas Powers, George Evans, Asa Terry, Pedro Via and Fon Ah and Tom Ah.
- William Pinchbeck returned to England after 33 years.
1884 - William Pinchbeck married Alice Elizabeth Kilham, 17 years his junior, at Hull, England. They would have 3 sons, Cyril, Robert (Bob) and Frederick. William Pinchbeck returned to Williams Lake with his new bride, his sister Annie and her husband William J. Anders, and a niece Emma Pinchbeck. He built a fine new home for his new bride on the lake front, and a two storey roadhouse. Pinchbeck's moved his common-law wife Chulminich into her own home on the North Lakeside and it said that the two families got along fine.
1885 - Robert George Pinchbeck was born on October 10th in Williams Lake to William and Alice Pinchbeck. BC birth registration number 1885-09-259316.
1887 - Frederick William Pinchbeck was born on September 25th in Williams Lake at
the family ranch to William and Alice Pinchbeck. (BC birth registration number
The Directory of Williams Lake lists: Pinchbeck, William - trader and farmer, Williams Lake
Pinchbeck & Lyne - traders and farmers, Williams Lake
Pinchbeck William jr. - farmer, Williams Lake
1888 - William Pinchbeck bought out his partner William Lyne's share of the ranch. William Pinchbeck now owned the entire 2,000 acre William's Lake Valley. He had a huge farm and many employees that produced whiskey, flour, vegetables, and cattle. By this time the Gold Rush was also waning and there was less demand for his products and the Pinchbeck ranch began to sink into debt. Photo of the Pinchbeck Ranch in 1888.
1889 - Cyril Joseph B. Pinchbeck was born on July 11th to William and Alice Pinchbeck in Williams Lake. BC birth registration number 1889-09-259321.
1890 - William Pinchbeck ran for provincial election but was not elected.
-Emma Pinchbeck was born to William and Alice Pinchbeck.
1892 - William Pinchbeck was in ill health and had an operation in Victoria.
1893 - William Pinchbeck, at the age of 62, died on July 30th and was buried in a small grave surrounded by a white picket fence on Stampede Hill overlooking Williams Lake. The death was registered as #1893-09-235534 in the Clinton district. His wife Alice and their 4 children were away in England at his death. At the time of his death William Pinchbeck was in debt for $23, 040.30 to the operators of the Gang Ranch. The Pinchbeck Farm was put up for sale by the Gang Ranch. By the time Alice returned home from England she found all the furniture and equipment auctioned off to satisfy the debts. Alice moved with her children to Kamloops. The 1893 Williams Lake directory lists: Pinchbeck, William jr. as a farmer. William jr, or Billy as he was commonly called had started a blacksmith shop and store on the north fork of Riske Creek and was also raising cattle.
1894 - Joseph Philip Patenaude leased the Pinchbeck Farm and operated the Roadhouse while it was for sale. The 1894 Voters list 2 James' in Williams Lake, one a farmer and one a labourer. William Pinchbeck is listed as living in the Chilcotin. it is probable that there should have been two Williams listed rather than two James.
1895 -William (Billy) Felix Pinchbeck, 27 years old, married Matilda Isnardy, 18 year old daughter of Amadee and Julienne Isnardy who had immigrated from Nice, France on February 25th at the St. Joseph's mission. The marriage is registered as #1895-09-172932 in the Quesnel District. They had 12 children. The 1895 directory for Williams Lake lists: Pinchbeck, James as a laborer and Pinchbeck, William as a laborer.
1896 - Edward Louis Pinchbeck was born on August 1st in the Chilcotin to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck.
1897 - Frederick Julious Pinchbeck was born in Chimney Creek to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. Emma Pinchbeck, niece of William Pinchbeck, married Charles James Foyle on November 17th in the Quesnel District. (BC Marriage Reg. Number: 1897-09-172889). The marriage shows Emma's name as Pinchback.
1898 - Cyrille Francis Pinchbeck was born on December 13th in Williams Lake, to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. BC birth registration number 1898-09-259328.
1899 - Robert Borland bought the Pinchbeck's ranch and the house for $17,000. Edward Louis Pinchbeck died on November 28th at the age of 3 years and is buried at St. Joseph's cemetery. Bessie May Jean Foyle, daughter of Charles and Emma Foyle, was born on September 27 in Soda Creek. (BC Birth Reg. Number: 1899-09-222725)
1900 - Cyrille Francis Pinchbeck died on April 20th in Chimney Creek at the age of 16 months and is buried at St. Joseph's cemetery. Dorothy Mary Pinchbeck was born on August 22nd in the Chilcotin to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. Gertrude A. V. Pinchbeck is born around this time to James Pinchbeck and Ellen Salmon.
1901 - James (Jamy) Pinchbeck married Ellen (Nellie) Salmon on January 14th in the Quesnel District. BC Marriage registration number 1901-09-172933. Ellen Salmon was said to have been a Shuswap Indian from Soda Creek, the daughter of Johnny and Christine Salmon . Edith Pearl Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie. Cyril Joseph B. Pinchbeck, 11 years old, is listed in the 1901 census in Alexandria living with his aunt and uncle, William J. and Mary H. Anders. Mary H. is the sister of Cyril's father, William. James, 29 years, and Ellen, 19 years, Pinchbeck are listed in the 1901 Alexandria census with their daughter Gertrude, 1 year. Frederick Pinchbeck, now 14 years old, was apprenticed to William Hargroves to become a blacksmith in Kamloops.
1902 - Isabella Mary Pinchbeck was born on February 21st to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck.
1904 - William Thomas Amedia Pinchbeck is born on February 14th to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. Walter Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie. Walter would settle in Pembroke, North Carolina in the United States. He would be a noted Boy Scout Master, and admired by the community.
1905 - Edward Percy Pinchbeck is born on March 27th to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck.
1906 - The Cariboo experienced an especially hard winter, Billy Pinchbeck lost most of his cattle. Mary Jane Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie. She would remain in Williams Lake.
1907 - Matilda Pinchbeck nee Isnardy, inherited her father's (Amedee Isnardy) ranch at Dog Creek junction. Christine (Sis) Pinchbeck was born to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. Billy Pinchbeck sold his farm to Herbert "Young" Davis and Billy and Matilda moved to Chimney Creek. Billy would work as the Brand Inspector until 1941. Catherine Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie.
1908 - John Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie. He would later move to Vancouver, BC.
1909 - Frederick William Pinchbeck married Edith Muriel Hill on July 31st in Ducks, BC, near Kamloops at the Hill family home, Rev. George Stewart of the Anglican missionary church was the minister. The marriage is registered as #1909-09-138964. On September 12th, Charles James Pinchbeck Foyle was born to Charles and Emma Foyle at Soda Creek. (BC birth registration # 99741*222) Charles Foyle was the Ferryman at the time for the Alexandria Ferry. Young Charles would be referred to as "Sonny" for most of his life. Francis Pinchbeck is born around this time to James and Nellie.
1910 - Cyril Joseph B. Pinchbeck married Lucy Eva Nelson on May 11th in Kamloops. BC Marriage Registration Number 1910-09-138968. Cyril Nelson Pinchbeck was born to Cyril and Eva Pinchbeck in Kamloops. Evelyn Pinchbeck was born around this time to James and Nellie.
- Mary Pinchbeck is born to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. She would later marry a Mr. Curtis.
1912 - Bob Borland sold his ranch to the government which was planning for the new townsite of Williams Lake and the future railway. Wilfred George Pinchbeck is born to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck.
-Violet Pinchbeck was born to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck. She would later marry a Mr. Murphy.
1914 - Raymond Martin Pinchbeck was born around this time to Frederick and Edith Pinchbeck.
1916 - Gertrude A. V. Pinchbeck married Russell Alfred Mitchell on November 14th in 150 Mile House. BC Marriage registration number 1916-09-180482.
1917 - Frederick and Edith Pinchbeck, and their 5 children, George, Freda, Dorothy, Beryl and Ray, moved from Kamloops to Quesnel.
-Archibald Pinchbeck was born to Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck.
1920 - Dorothy (Dora) Mary Pinchbeck died on April 27th, at the age of 19 years, in Chimney Creek. The death is registered as #1920-09-265949. She is buried in St. Joseph's cemetery.
1921- Emma Pinchbeck previously Foyle, married John Dortius Johnson on September 5th in Quesnel. The marriage was registered in BC as #1921-09-237049.
1922 - Isabella Pinchbeck, daughter of Billy and Matilda, married Thomas Carolan on February 26th. BC Marriage registration number 1922-09-251797.
1923 - Photo of the now Borland Ranch, previously the Pinchbeck house.
1927 - Alice Elizabeth Ratchford, previously Pinchbeck, nee Kilham, died on November 12th in Kamloops at the age of 78 years. (BC Death Registration 1927-09-390447) Billy Pinchbeck sold his Riske Creek farm to Phil D. McRae from Nova Scotia.
1928 - Frederick Pinchbeck was elected as a village Commissioner in Quesnel, and also became the first fire chief in Quesnel.
-Wilfred George Pinchbeck married Ruby Rose, daughter of Fred and Margaret Rose from Buenos Aries, Argentina.
1931 - Charles James Pinchbeck Foyle married Josephine Moffat.
1934 - Frederick and Edith Pinchbeck moved back to Kamloops from Quesnel.
-Francis Pinchbeck, son of James and Nellie Pinchbeck, married Elizabeth McNeil Dan from Coquitlam, BC.
1937 - Francis John Frederick Pinchbeck was born on February 3rd to Francis and Elizabeth Pinchbeck.
1938 - Cyril Nelson Pinchbeck married Hester Irene McKeever in Kamloops. Dorine Pinchbeck was born in the spring to Francis and Elizabeth Pinchbeck. Francis Pinchbeck, the son of James and Nellie Pinchbeck drowned on December 28th at the age of about 29.
1941 - William (Billy) Felix Pinchbeck, son of William and Chulminik, died at the age of 73 years in Williams Lake on June 28th. His death is registered as #1941-09-590684. Billy's wife, Matilda (Nellie) lived on at the Chimney Creek Ranch with her son Wilfred who ran the ranch.
1943 - Percy Pinchbeck would serve in World War II until 1948. He was in the Engineers Core as a bridgeman in France and Italy. Frederick William Pinchbeck also served in World War II. Howard John Pinchbeck was born to Cyril Nelson and Irene Pinchbeck in Kamloops.
1947 - Beverley John Pinchbeck died in Williams Lake on January 5th. BC death registration number 1947-09-001216.
1948 - James Pinchbeck, son of William and Chulminik, died on June 12th at the age of 77 in Cache Creek. BC death registration number 1948-09-006194. He was buried at the Bonaparte Cemetery on the Indian Reserve one mile north of Cache Creek.
1951 - Robert Donald Pinchbeck was born to Cyril Nelson and Irene Pinchbeck in Kamloops.
1952 - Frederick Julious Pinchbeck died at the age of 54 years on September 14th in Williams Lake. His death is registered as #1952-09-010626. He was killed by a taxi near Williams Lake. Fred had been a blacksmith for the Gang Ranch.
1955 - Cyril Joseph B. Pinchbeck died on April 14th in Kamloops at the age of 64 years. BC death registration number 1955-09-004693.
1956 - Robert George Pinchbeck, son of William and Alice Pinchbeck, died on April 16th at the age of 70 years in Kamloops. BC death registration number 1956-09-004834.
1959 - Connie Pinchbeck, daughter of Wilfred and Ruby Pinchbeck, married Alvin Johnson on September 18th.
-Francis John Frederick Pinchbeck would marry Vanchee and live in Tacoma, Washington and work in computers and umpire at the High School and College levels.
1964 - Howard John Pinchbeck married Carole Francis Bamber in Calgary, Alberta.
1965 - Frederick William Pinchbeck died on December 10th in Kamloops at the age of 77 years. (BC death registration number 1965-09-015552).
1967 - Wilfred George Pinchbeck, son of Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck, died at the age of 54 years on March 27th in Williams Lake. His death is registered as #1967-09-004469. Marianne Lynn Pinchbeck was born to Howard and Carol Pinchbeck in Calgary.
1969 - Matilda Pinchbeck nee Isnardy, died at the age of 92 years on May 9th in Williams Lake. Her death is registered as #1969-09-007393. Isabella Mary Carolan nee Pinchbeck died at the age of about 67 years. Jason Robert Pinchbeck was born to Howard and Carole Pinchbeck in Calgary.
1970 - Raymond Martin Pinchbeck died on March 7th, at the age of 56 in Kamloops. (BC Death Registration Number 1970-09-003910)
1971 - William Thomas Pinchbeck, son of Billy and Matilda Pinchbeck, died at the age of 67 years on March 12th in Williams Lake. His death is registered as #1971-09-004022. Tom was a cat operator.
1974 - Melanie Dawn Pinchbeck was born to Howard and Carole Pinchbeck in Calgary.
1976 - Christine (Sis) Bucholtz nee Pinchbeck died at the age of about 59 years.
1977 - Walter Pinchbeck, the son of James and Nellie Pinchbeck died around this time at the age of 73.
1980 - Edward Percy Pinchbeck died on May 9th, at the age of 75 years. Percy was a carpenter. Gertrude nee Pinchbeck, the daughter of James and Nellie Pinchbeck, died around this time at the age of about 82.
1982 - Robert Donald Pinchbeck married Darlene Applen in Kamloops and adopted Darlene's son, 1 year old Darren Nicholas.
1987 - Amanda Brook Pinchbeck was born to Robert and Darlene Pinchbeck in Kamloops. Charles James Pinchbeck Foyle died on December 17 in Burnaby, B.C. at the age of 78 years.
1988 - Marianne Lynn Pinchbeck married Scott Legge in Calgary.
1990 - Cyril Nelson Pinchbeck passed away at the age of 80 years in Merrit, BC.
1994 - John Pinchbeck, the son of James and Nellie Pinchbeck, died around this time at the age of 86.
1996 - Jason Robert Pinchbeck married Dixie Howard in Chilliwack, BC.
1998 - Connie Johnson, nee Pinchbeck, died October 31, 1998 of cancer in Williams Lake.
1999 - Mary Jane nee Pinchbeck, the daughter of James and Nellie Pinchbeck died around this time at the age of about 93.
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Last updated 25 April 2005