Fort Toulouse/ Jackson State Park
- 5000 B.C.: Nomadic Indians camp in the area
- 400 A.D.: Area permanently settled by Indians
- 1540: Possibillity Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto visited area.
- 1717: Fort Toulouse built by French
- 1751: Second Fort Toulouse built to replace first
- 1763: Fort becomes English possession, but never manned.
- 1814: Creek Indians surrender to Gen. Andrew Jackson at Camp Jackson
- 1817-1820: Fort Jackson Town - first county seat of Montgomery County
- 1911: Fort Toulouse monument erected by Colonial Dames of America
- 1961: Property declared National Historic Landmark
- 1971: Alabama Historical Commission gains posseession of fort area.
Montgomery Advertiser, Montgomery Alabama, November 5, 1997,
article by Jim Plott:
"It was a simple matter of geograph that attracted the first
visitors into the area several thousand years ago when nomadic Indians
first made encampments. Ths same principles applied to the followers.
Park director Ned Jenkins said, 'This spot has been lived on as
a major habitat since the time of the birth of Christ.'
The rivers provided water, food, protection and later transportation.
'Being at the juncture of the river was important,' siad Jenkins.
And you keep your feet dry. 'Its high, its well-drained and it doesn't
flood,' said Jenkins of the fort area.
It was by invitation of the Creek Indians that the French built
Fort Toulouse at the location in 1717. Staffed by 20 to 50 French
Marines, the fort served as a trading center with the indians and also
helped the French keep on guard against the British, who were also eyeing
Other than a small mutiny by soldiers in 1722 -- mainly over boredom
and shortages in provisions and pay, there was never any violence surrounded
with the fort. '(The French) were friendly with the Indains so if anyone
attacked them they would have had to go through several Indian villages
to get to them,' said Jenkins.
The fort was part of the land package the British obtained after
the French and Indian War, but other than being used as a trading center,
it was never occupied.
50 years later, Creek Indian leader William Weatherford, a
deer straddled over the back of his horse, rode in to a temporary camp
near the fort to sign a treaty surrendering abbout 20 million acres of
land -- half the Creek Nation -- to U.S. Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson.
'He came in the second day Jackson was here. They didn't even start
on Fort Jackson until three weeks later,' said Jenkins. 'It was the
treating signing that opened up this whole area. Alabama was populated
by settlers as a result of the treaty signing here in 1814.'
The area was also the site of Fort Jackson Town, a village that
was the first county seat of Montgomery County for 3 years."
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