Elim is located on the northwest shore of
Norton Bay on the Seward Peninsula, 96 miles east of Nome. It lies 460
miles northwest of Anchorage. It lies at approximately 64░ 37' N
Latitude, 162░ 15' W Longitude (Sec. 15, T010S, R018W, Kateel River
Meridian). The community is located in the Cape Nome Recording District.
The area encompasses 2 sq. miles of land and 0 sq. miles of water.
settlement was formerly the Malemiut Inupiat Eskimo village of
Nuviakchak. The Native culture was well-developed and well adapted to
the environment. Each tribe possessed a well-defined subsistence harvest
territory. The area became a federal reindeer reserve in 1911. In 1914,
Rev. L.E. Ost founded a Covenant mission and school, called Elim Mission
Roadhouse. When the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) was
passed in 1971, Elim decided not to participate, and instead opted for
title to the 298,000 acres of land in the former Elim Reserve. The
Iditarod Sled Dog Race passes through Elim each year.