auld farm


Auld Farm

Location: Near St. Michaels, Talbot Co., MD


Frederick Douglas (Frederick Baily)
Frederick Washington Bailey, the son of a white man and a black slave, was born on Holmes Hill Plantation near Easton, Maryland, on February 7, 1818. Frederick's mother, Harriet Baily, worked the cornfields surrounding Holmes Hill. As a child, he had heard rumors that the master, Aaron Anthony, was his father. At age six, Frederick was sent to live and work at the Lloyd Plantation. After the deaths of Aaron Anthony and Lucretia Anthony Auld, his ownership went to Lucretia's husband Thomas Auld. In March of 1833, the 15 year old Frederick was sent to live at Thomas Auld's new farm near the town of Saint Michaels, a few miles from the Lloyd plantation.

Frederick was again put to work as a field hand. Thomas Auld starved his slaves, who stole food from neighboring farms to survive. Frederick received many beatings and saw worse ones given to others. As a result, he organized a Sunday religious service for the slaves in nearby Saint Michaels. A mod led by Thoas Auld had stopped the meetings. In a final attempt to subdue the willful Frederick, Auld arranged for the infamous slave breaker Edward Covey tame him (1834). After working for Covey for a year, Frederick was sent to work for a farmer named William Freeland, a relatively kind master. Preferring freedom to any kind of slavery, Frederick planned an escape North with five other slaves. The plot was exposed and an armed mob jailed the conspirators. Thomas Auld released Frederick, then sent him to Hugh Auld in back Baltimore to work as a ship caulker. Due to unfair treatment by his owner Hugh Auld, Frederick decided to escape North and finally succeeded. Upon his arrival in New York City, he changed his name from Frederick Bailey to Frederick Douglas.

Associated Surnames: Auld, Baily, Covey, Freeland

Associated Plantations: Lloyd Plantation (Talbot Co., MD)

Associated Free White Names

Associated Black Slave Names


Description of Associated Architecture

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